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‘In the keeping of Paulina’

The unknowable image in The Winter’s Tale

Chloe Porter

lifelike statue depicting Hermione. Now penitent and reunited with his daughter, Leontes is encouraged by Paulina to ‘awake …faith’ in the possibility that the image may be made to ‘move’; the king watches in wonder as the statue is apparently transformed to the living Hermione, ‘stone no more’ (5.3.88–9). As is often noted, playgoers share Leontes, Perdita and Polixenes

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Touching art

Aesthetics, fragmentation and community

Simon Malpas

not being a proper philosopher but a dilettante literary critic, the key concern raised by Hegel is that Romanticism substantialises Fichte’s formalist arguments about the dialectical movement between the transcendental structures of the I and not-I which give rise to knowledge. This move from a formal to a substantial I transforms Fichte’s transcendental analysis into an empirical-psychological positing of the personal I of the genius poet or artist who invents the world according to her or his own interest and caprice. He argues that for the positing ego of the

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Of goddesses and stories

Gender and a new politics in Achebe

Elleke Boehmer

leadership exercises Achebe throughout the pamphlet. Africa’s national leaders have become its curse; they have succeeded in emptying the nation of its symbolic authority over a people. However, he also believes that the national leadership might even so be transformed into the postcolonial nation’s salvation. Noteworthy in this diagnosis is his focus on character and role models, on the performative strategies of rule, in favour of class or neocolonial factors. Addressing Nigeria’s elite as himself a self-conscious member of that group, Achebe is unambivalent in his view

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Hans Peter Broedel

they speak, to whom they make payment, and with whom (as they say) they have carnal intercourse, and by whose persuasion (as they say) they deny God and the Virgin Mary, and with their feet trample the holy cross, and who, with the help of demons (as they say), kill children and kill people, and make them fall into various injuries, and who say that they do many things like these, and say that they sometimes transform themselves into the form of a mouse, and sometimes, they say, the devil transforms himself into the form of a dog, or some other animal? Are these and

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Charles V. Reed

early 1980s, when the modern Elizabethan monarchy was experiencing a period of unpopularity stemming from a series of family controversies, Cannadine sought to understand how the monarchy emerged from a transformative age of political reform as a popular symbol of nation and empire. For Cannadine, the answer was to be found in the ritual functions of the British monarchy, what Walter Bagehot had called the

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Preferences and novelty

A multidisciplinary perspective

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Wilhelm Ruprecht

following prerequisites must be simultaneously present: 1 A human need. 2 Such properties as render the thing capable of being brought into a causal connection with the satisfaction of this need. 3 Human knowledge of this causal connection. 4 Command of the thing sufficient to direct it to the satisfaction of the need (Menger, 1950, p. 52). Just focusing on the conditions for adoption, Menger distinguishes four elements, the first three of which we consider as constitutive for adoption: motivation, the objective properties of the good, and cognition. Since the fourth

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Jenny Edkins

hinted at in the Lacanian approach described in the previous chapter, the questions change. It is no longer surprising that people feel compelled to respond to those in distress, since their own existence as subjects depends on the dignity of all and the continuance of the social order. What becomes surprising and in need of explanation instead is why sometimes people see others’ suffering as none of their business. David Campbell argues that a more relational view of subjectivity is capable of transforming the way we figure humanitarian action.50 He suggests that such

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A ‘private place’?

Changing meanings of the countryside in northern Italy

Jaro Stacul

intellectuals. If anything, ‘country people’ may be caught between different understandings. What meanings, then, are attached to the countryside ‘from within’ as a reaction (or partial accommodation) to those superimposed ‘from without’? The study of the Italian countryside raises these issues, for rural areas have been transformed under the combined onslaught of postmodernity, rural depopulation,4 the privatisation of leisure provision and the emphasis placed upon tourist developments (Barberis 1999; Camanni 2002). Although in Italy the countryside has been part of the

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The Dream of the Rood and the Ruthwell monument

Fragility, brokenness and failure

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James Paz

ongoing process of becoming. I will start by closely analysing the poem as it exists in the Vercelli Book manuscript, carrying out a reading of the text in light of thing theory, looking at how the various things represented in the poem (tree, beam, beacon, gallows, rood, body) transform one another, but how they also shift and shape the human ‘dreamer’ as he speaks his vision. I will acknowledge the riddle-​like nature of this poem yet contend that this is nevertheless a riddle without a solution. This point is crucial because it is their resistance to objectification

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Mark Tomlinson and Andrew McMeekin

characteristic of human beings. A more detailed account of the importance of habits in understanding the behaviour of agents can be found in Hodgson (1997, pp. 664 ff.). The path-dependent nature of habitual action suggests that the actions of today are predicated on previous behaviour. There is an accumulation of knowledge related to the repetition of actions that leads to the strengthening of a particular habit. (Early psychologists, such as Hull, 1930, 1942, have explored how habit strength varies with the number of reinforcements.) Once an agent accumulates sufficient