Julie Evans, Patricia Grimshaw, David Philips and Shurlee Swain

increased, and altogether their character is elevated. 33 An informant from the North American colonies described the effect of conversion to Christianity upon the ‘Missisaguas’ (Mississaugas) and ‘Chippeways’ (Ojibwas) as being that ‘they became industrious, sober and useful’. The Christian ‘Chippeways’ were said to have abandoned their

in Equal subjects, unequal rights
Open Access (free)
Crossing borders, changing times
Madeleine Hurd, Hastings Donnan and Carolin Leutloff-Grandits

. With the changing political order of Europe, these discourses also changed in content, yet without ever losing their general moral tone in which ‘the West’ considered ‘the East’ as its dangerous, Muslim-dominated antagonist. This notion fostered the establishment of a territorial border region within the neighbouring, mainly Christian-dominated Hapsburg Empire, which acted as a buffer zone towards Islam and the Ottoman state while simultaneously emerging as a frontier of cultural contact and tolerance, migration and conversion. Such themes still resonate today and

in Migrating borders and moving times
Open Access (free)
Ecopoetics, enjoyment and ecstatic hospitality
Kate Rigby

nonhumans alike find themselves in the same ‘nest’, one that is at once constitutive of, and constituted by, the Earth’s biosphere. The precise coordinates of this meta-nest are provided by the nine ‘planetary boundaries’ identified by Johan Rockstöm and colleagues at the Stockholm Resilience Centre, which define limits to climate change, biodiversity loss, changes to the nitrogen and phosphorus cycles, ozone depletion, ocean acidification, freshwater use, changes to land use (especially the conversion of wildlife habitat to agricultural or industrial purposes), chemical

in Literature and sustainability
Open Access (free)
Walt Whitman and the Bolton Whitman Fellowship
Carolyn Masel

’s disciples came 116 Carolyn Masel to the poet through an experience akin to religious conversion, precipitated by a particular crisis.20 In the Bolton group, both Wallace and his friend Dr John Johnston attest to having separately undergone an experience of this nature and so conform to the pattern articulated by Sarracino in relation to Whitman’s more famous followers: R.M. Bucke, Anne Gilchrist and John Burroughs. Wallace referred to the profound change in his consciousness following his mother’s death simply as an ‘illumination’; much later, in 1915, he would speak

in Special relationships
John J. Hurt

unchanged in their behaviour. This time the lead actor had undergone a genuine conversion, caused by the new policy of repressing resistance in the parlements.70 Meanwhile, the Parlement of Rennes, alone among the tribunals, fought a rearguard action against the recent fiscal edicts, registering the laws but declining to enforce them. Even before 1673, it had refused to assess appeal fines in cases where the law now required them, obstructed the efforts of tax farmers to enforce fiscal legislation, and tried to reclaim the revenues from greffes and fines. Local revenue farmers

in Louis XIV and the parlements
Open Access (free)
John J. Hurt

two years without the Parlement’s sanction, it now sought its seal of approval to calm public fears. The Parlement’s deputies could accept the conversion of notes into rentes, a step that, after all, repudiated at least one of the principles of John Law. But they wanted a 5 percent interest rate, 3 percent at least. Although he said he might increase interest rates in the future, Orléans declined to pay the new rentes at more than 2.5 percent. On the other hand, he agreed to certain textual changes in the edict in order to satisfy the deputies on minor points and

in Louis XIV and the parlements
The resurgence of Route 128 in Massachusetts
Michael H. Best

-product of the techno-diversification process. It was an ideal fit for Massachusetts.42 It has re-invented manufacturing in the region.43 The techno-diversification of Route 128 is itself a consequence of the conversion of systems integration from a technological to a business and Resurgence of Route 128 183 industrial organisational capability. The conversion can be understood in terms of the diffusion of the new model of technology management, the establishing of a complementary business model capable of driving the new principle, and an advanced, diverse, flexible

in Market relations and the competitive process
Lennart J. Lundqvist

autonomy elements of temporally rational ecological governance. The programme of subsidies for long-term conversion of Sweden’s energy provision and distribution systems is split between authorities and subprogrammes, and thus is difficult to assess in terms of its contribution to sustainable energy provision. All in all, however, the effects on environmental quality and energy conversion from the ‘eco-efficiency’ strategy seem quite marginal. The Auditors of Parliament even called for a reconsideration of national environmental quality and resource management objectives

in Sweden and ecological governance
Open Access (free)
Robert Mackay

–Churchill wing of the Conservative Party.15 Westminster gossip reasonably inferred Labour’s belated conversion to political realism, even though its vote against the introduction of military service in April 1939 showed the conversion was not yet total. How much the rank and file of the party had accepted this shift was unknown; it was nevertheless held in Whitehall to be a reason for a little more optimism about the willingness of British manhood to stand up and be counted when war came. Speculation about this, however, necessarily had to take account of the fact that in the

in Half the battle
Open Access (free)
Machines of mass incineration in fact, fiction, and forensics
Robert Jan van Pelt

-observance of religious law led to a separation between an individual and the Jewish community. These discussions acquired greater urgency in the Age of Emanci­ pation, when it became possible for a Jew to fully participate in DHR.indb 119 5/15/2014 12:51:14 PM 120  Robert Jan van Pelt civil society without having to take the radical step of conversion. Nevertheless, the question arose of whether there was a boundary short of conversion that those born as Jews should not cross if they were to remain acknowledged as Jews by orthodox Jewry. In the early twentieth century

in Destruction and human remains