Open Access (free)
Competing claims to national identity
Alex J. Bellamy

re-establish Yugoslavia and to force Croatia into another Balkan union. After the end of the war many critics had trouble distinguishing Tuœman’s method of rule from that of Tito. Without a war to wage and a supreme national emergency to guard against, Franjoism became incoherent. Some observers suggested that this was because the Tuœman/HDZ project only had one aim: the achievement and preservation of Croatian sovereignty. Once this had been achieved, it became difficult to know precisely what Franjoism meant. As if to provide answers, Tuœman became more

in The formation of Croatian national identity
Obama, Trump and the Asia Pacific political economy
Michael Mastanduno

early stages, the message to China is clear – China may have an ambitious Eurasian land strategy, the Belt and Road Initiative, but the “Quad” powers – the United States, Japan, Australia and India – are a coalition of maritime powers that could bottle up China at sea. Second, and in a more profound departure from Obama policy, the Trump administration has pursued economic containment against China. Prior to Trump, American officials hoped that, even if US–China security competition increased, economic interdependence and cooperation would be an emergency brake that

in The United States in the Indo-Pacific
Nursing and medical records in the Imperial War in Ethiopia (1935–36)
Anna La Torre, Giancarlo Celeri Bellotti, and Cecilia Sironi

be devoted to monitoring the sanitary condition of the neighbourhood, which to some extent might be compared to the work of health visitors these days. The training course duration was two years and included both theory and practice and there was an optional third year of specialisation. Subjects of the basic course of study were: hygiene, basic human physiology and anatomy, general medical and surgical knowledge, emergency procedures, basic knowledge of paediatrics, nursing techniques and the ‘inevitable’ fascist culture, for a total of fifty lectures and 100 days

in Colonial caring
Open Access (free)
Contextualising colonial and post-colonial nursing
Helen Sweet and Sue Hawkins

.’37 As the final two chapters of this book demonstrate, the NGOs were left to focus on provision of emergency aid such as civil war disasters and famine relief, whilst the World Health Organisation (established in 1948 and replacing the earlier League of Nations in this role) was left to concentrate its efforts on controlling public health problems, particularly communicable diseases. 12 Introduction Staying with Africa, the book’s move into post-colonial nursing history is taken up by Barbra Mann Wall’s chapter about the changing face of Medical Missions in

in Colonial caring
Open Access (free)
Robert Mackay

‘a powerful solvent of class antagonism’; and that by showing they ‘could take it’ the people believed ‘they were already on the way to winning the war’. Nearly twenty years later, Taylor had not altered his view: ‘We were a united nation. Despite our fears we were convinced that we should win in the end. Strangers stopped me in the street and said: “Poor old Hitler. He’s done for himself this time, now that he has taken us on”.’10 Taylor wrote of morale only in the context of the Emergency of 1940–41, seeming to take as read that it remained steady thereafter. But

in Half the battle
Open Access (free)
The prognosis
Sara De Vido

criminalise under the Council of Europe Istanbul Convention to find confirmation of that.2 I regard denial of access to abortion, denial of access 235 DE VIDO 9781526124975 PRINT.indd 235 24/03/2020 11:02 Violence against women’s health in international law to emergency contraception, obstetric violence and involuntary sterilisation as forms of VAWH in their vertical dimension, because they are the product of policies or laws in the field of health. I also characterise the notion of VAWH as having an additional element: the limitation of women’s autonomy. This element

in Violence against women’s health in international law
Eşref Aksu

Minister Lumumba and replaced him with Joseph Ileo. 55 This led to a chaotic situation where even the legality, let alone the legitimacy, of the new government was in question. This so-called ‘Constitutional Crisis’ would in subsequent months become a significant component of the Congo crisis. On 6 September, with a view to maintaining law and order, ONUC took a number of emergency measures, including the

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Open Access (free)
Finn Stepputat

sealing off of the mass grave. Part II presents various cases in which necro-political aspects of sovereignty take precedence over the bio-political in practices that work through dead bodies, notably by transgressing the limits set out in state law. As Antonius Robben shows, representatives can, in the name of the state, establish a state of emergency that allows the transgression of laws that regulate the life and death of subjectcitizens. X-raying the necro-political military regime in Argentina in the late 1970s, he describes how the state tried to produce its

in Governing the dead
Robert Boyce

Papon in his administrative career. Both men had long and highly successful political careers, culminating in a succession of ministerial posts in interwar governments, but in 1940 Dumesnil voted emergency powers for Marshal Pétain, for which he was banned from holding public office after the Liberation. De Tessan also voted for emergency powers, but soon joined the Resistance and died in the Nazi concentration camp at Dachau.16 Their contrasting fates are illustrative of the dilemmas that confronted the liberal Third Republic and Papon himself after the outbreak of

in Domestic and international trials, 1700–2000
Open Access (free)
Paul Latawski and Martin A. Smith

Kosovo. The OSCE created an unarmed, civilian ‘Kosovo Verification Mission’ (KVM), which began operating in November 1998. A small, French-led NATO military ‘Extraction Force’ was deployed to neighbouring Macedonia in case the KVM required emergency evacuation. By the beginning of 1999, the Holbrooke-Milosevic agreement was beginning to unravel. The FRY authorities began to move forces back into Kosovo

in The Kosovo crisis and the evolution of post-Cold War European security