Olivia Umurerwa Rutazibwa

Introduction All over the globe, fascism, racism and xenophobic nationalism are resurfacing in what we once thought of as ‘respectable’ democracies. Following a particularly bleak weekend at the end of October 2018 (the election of Jair Bolsonaro in Brazil, reports of worsening famine in Yemen, Israeli bombardment of Gaza and the murder of eleven worshippers at a refugee-harbouring synagogue in Pittsburgh), my colleague Dr Sara Salem of the London School of Economics tweeted: ‘It’s difficult watching political scientists scrambling to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Mel Bunce

. F*** News and Disinformation In 2017, Collins Dictionary declared ‘fake news’ its word of the year. But most media scholars would prefer the term was removed from the English lexicon, as it is vague and can be deployed to advance a political agenda. Donald Trump famously uses the phrase ‘fake news’ to refer to a wide range of media content that he doesn’t like. And audiences take a similarly broad approach; in focus groups, Nielsen and Graves (2017) find that audiences define ‘fake news’ to include partisan journalism, propaganda and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Timothy Longman

Introduction Beginning in 1990, the small Central African country of Rwanda was shaken by a pro-democracy movement and a rebel invasion, led by exiled members of the minority Tutsi ethnic group. The government responded to the dual pressures of protest and war by offering political reforms while simultaneously seeking to regain popularity with the members of the majority Hutu group by stirring up anti-Tutsi ethnic sentiments. Both a number of new domestic human rights groups and international human rights organisations documented the regime’s repression of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps, Lasse Heerten, Arua Oko Omaka, Kevin O'Sullivan, and Bertrand Taithe

the conflict has become the object of global humanitarian concern, a global media and protest event. One of the many things that is interesting in a case like Biafra is that it allows us to study the ways humanitarianism depoliticises conflicts. However, at the same time, I think it is important to contextualise such humanitarian campaigns and representations within the different relevant political contexts that helped generate such an event; that is what I have tried to do with

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editors’ Introduction
Tanja R. Müller and Gemma Sou

innovation not only in relation to its underlying ideology but in light of what it may mean to actual beneficiaries. After all, while ‘pure’ humanitarian principles and the autonomy of the humanitarian sector were always a myth, they served an important purpose: in the words of Scott-Smith (2016: 2241) , they helped to ‘distinguish the value-driven sphere of humanitarianism from the interest-driven spheres of politics and profit’. In this special issue on Innovation in Humanitarian Action, we look

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector
Miriam Bradley

security and civilian protection – is the way it is, with some work seeking to explain variation over time or across different agencies (see, for example, Bradley, 2016 ; Bradley, forthcoming ; Neuman, 2016a ; Schneiker, 2012 ; Taithe, 2016 ). I draw on this literature to identify likely explanations for the distinction between staff security and civilian protection, which I assess in order to argue that differential political constraints and opportunities are a key factor driving

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Nazanin Zadeh-Cummings and Lauren Harris

activities to the DPRK, which has varied depending on the political climate. In recent years, the international humanitarian system has been subject to restrictions in the form of unilateral and United Nations Security Council (UNSC) sanctions. As of 2017, Americans must also apply for US government permission for DPRK travel. This paper goes beyond the policy of sanctions exemptions and asks how sanctions are affecting humanitarian work in practice. The following subsection reviews the methodology used in the research. A literature review rounds out the introduction

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Fernando Espada

(i.e. the White House and Capitol Hill) and the grim reality reported by those in the field (for example, the New York governor’s daily briefings) in dealing with the coronavirus epidemic. Surely, there are many other countries experiencing this; but when it comes to managing risk – security risks in particular – it does matter where you sit in the equation. This big disconnect is the focus of Julia Brooks and Rob Grace in ‘Confronting Humanitarian Insecurity: The Law and Politics of Responding to Attacks against Aid Workers’. Official statements produced in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Megan Daigle, Sarah Martin, and Henri Myrttinen

, 2012 : 25). At the same time, it arguably averts a wider conversation about what threats aid workers actually face, who receives training or other support, and how to reduce risks across the aid sector. This is especially problematic when aid workers are engaging in ever more political work, intertwining humanitarian and peacebuilding work with development and political affairs in the famed ‘nexus’. One long-time aid worker described two scenarios where aid workers had

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Congolese Experience
Justine Brabant

that of development NGOs (non-governmental organisations). In South Kivu, around ten of the people I surveyed had both political or military responsibilities in Mai-Mai groups and responsibilities in local development and farm-support NGOs; in that capacity, some were also regular interlocutors with MONUSCO, the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo. A second example of words and expressions imported by journalists covering

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs