Search results

Scenarios in south east Europe
Christian Giordano

; 4 million were apportioned to 1.4 million farmers while 2 million became State property or were assigned to the municipalities (Castellan 1994: 78). At first sight, the reform appears imposing. A strong modernisation drive could be hoped for, indeed, even a solution to the ‘land question’ in terms of the ‘social question’; but this was not so. Before the Second World War, agriculture did not progress much and rural living standards were among Europe’s lowest (Castellan 1994: 79). Moreover, according to the 1930 census, 6,700 big landowners still held 24 per cent of

in Potentials of disorder
Open Access (free)
Why might history matter for development policy?
Ravi Kanbur

to incur significant costs in other dimensions to control inflation. For the generation that followed, the hyperinflation was their parents’ inflation, they had not themselves experienced it. But their concern is perhaps explainable by inculcation through parents. But what about the current generation, whose defining event was not the putting up of the Berlin Wall, but its fall? Anti-inflation sentiment in Germany remains high, eighty years, four generations, after Weimar; sixty years after the Second World War; forty years after the Berlin wall went up; and now

in History, historians and development policy
Open Access (free)
Sabine Clarke

from this, the forty new laboratories created across the Colonial Empire after the Second World War were said to endow Britain’s colonies with the ability to participate in the international advance of science, and therefore to operate as modern states. Science and scientists took on unprecedented importance for the British Colonial Office after 1940, both in providing solutions to practical issues that arose from the drive for development and also in demonstrating the enduring value of British interventions in the tropics and Britain’s commitment to modernising its

in Science at the end of empire
Open Access (free)
Rhiannon Vickers

’s constitution, with the commitment ‘for the establishment of suitable machinery for the adjustment and settlement of international disputes by conciliation or judicial arbitration and for such other international legislation as may be practicable’.7 The Labour Party was the most wholehearted supporter amongst the British political parties for the establishment of international organisations to regulate and arbitrate world affairs, and it spent the years during the First and Second World Wars thinking about the post-war settlement and the maintenance of peace through

in The Labour Party and the world, volume 1
Open Access (free)
Cas Mudde

directly related to the Second World War. Probably the most prominent is the role of Germany. Almost every issue covers at least one article in which this role is revised. This is done directly, e.g. by ‘proving’ that crimes generally ascribed to Nazi Germany were not as bad as is claimed. Several articles deal with the question of ‘How many Jews really died?’ (DNZ 7/6/91). In these articles the crimes against the Jews are not denied, but the number of (possible) victims is considerably reduced. Other articles try to prove that Germany did not start the war but was

in The ideology of the extreme right
‘Nederland voor de Nederlanders!’
Cas Mudde

chap5 28/5/02 13.32 Page 117 Part III The Netherlands: ‘Nederland voor de Nederlanders!’ The extreme right in the Netherlands, 1945–84 Following the end of the Second World War the Dutch process of denazification began with the internment of some 100,000 collaborators. Several former members of the Nationaal Socialistische Beweging in Nederland (National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands, NSB), the only legal Dutch political party during the German occupation, and of the (Waffen-) SS lost their political rights, mostly for several years (see Bank 1998

in The ideology of the extreme right
The case of the Netherlands
Stuart Blume

for the new bacteriology-based tools of public health were met by a mix of public and private institutions. In some countries primary responsibility lay with state institutes of bacteriology or of public health. Indeed, in the Netherlands and the Scandinavian countries this remained the case until well after the Second World War. Since the 1980s, however, various governments (including those of Sweden and the Netherlands), have abandoned

in The politics of vaccination
Open Access (free)
The King’s Speech as melodrama
Nicola Rehling

failure to carry out kingly duties, his profligacy, his socialite lifestyle and his insistence on marrying an unsympathetically painted Wallis Simpson. The film also references, though rather briefly, his support of Hitler, with George VI and Elizabeth’s own initial support of appeasement conveniently side-lined by the way the film skips almost directly from the abdication to the outbreak of the Second World War. 48

in The British monarchy on screen
Open Access (free)
Portraying the exhumation and reburial of Polish Jewish Holocaust victims in the pages of yizkor books
Gabriel N. Finder

accomplices killed Poland’s Jews mainly in death camps and concentration camps, but a sizable proportion of the victims perished in ghettos, in hiding, in open fields, in forests, by the side of roads, and in small labour camps unequipped to cope with a cascade of dead bodies. And since the rate of killing in death camps and concentration camps eventually exceeded their capacity to incinerate their victims, by the end of the Second World War these camps, too, were overrun by corpses. By the same token, hundreds of Jewish cemeteries lay in ruins, desecrated, their human

in Human remains and identification
Robert Mackay

CONCLUSION The invisible chain I N THE FIRST PART of this study an attempt was made to consider afresh the familiar civilian experience of the Second World War in Britain with a view to assessing how well the morale of the ordinary people came through that time of trial. That it did not break was not the point at issue – no one has ever suggested it did. The issue was, simply, where on the continuum from ‘low’ to ‘high’, from ‘poor’ to ‘good’ would one, in retrospect, place the spirit and behaviour of the people during those six years. This investigation

in Half the battle