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and Parliament of Wilson’s subserviency, in some respects, to American policies. I replied that I thought such visits were useful to the PM in terms of his domestic politics, and he was anxious to establish with the President something like the close relationship – or its appearance – which existed between Harold Macmillan and President Kennedy. 104

in A ‘special relationship’?

overthrew Sihanouk and instituted a pro-American republican regime to replace the monarchy. Meanwhile, the South Vietnamese Army and the Americans increased their raids into communist sanctuaries. These incursions finally gave rise to a full-scale US invasion in April 1970. In December 1970, largely because of domestic political concerns, the US Government brought the invasion to an end. 4 Soon

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Impact of structural tensions and thresholds

. The ‘internal’ affairs of Czechoslovakia, to give an example, should be of no concern to the United States. By the same token, ‘domesticpolitics in Chile should not overly concern the Soviet Union. The principles of sovereignty and non-intervention, then, served the purposes of both superpowers. Not in the sense that the superpowers would necessarily and absolutely keep away from each other

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Water scarcity, the 1980s’ Palestinian uprising and implications for peace

international politics, that mitigated the problem of scarcity and conflict. Water disputes and protracted conflicts necessarily complicate each other. With the end to the protracted conflict or important changes in international relations that directly influence the feuding riparians – the end of the Cold War, for example, or domestic political changes such as new national leadership – the chances of

in Redefining security in the Middle East

citizens; instead, it constructs security around the notion that people are citizens of states – hence, their security is protected by, and tied into that of, the state itself, as represented by regimes ( Krause and Williams, 1997 : 43). The liberal paradigm is generally also not helpful, since although it rejects the idea of a black box, it looks at domestic politics mainly as an explanation for state

in Redefining security in the Middle East
The Member States between procedural adaptation and structural revolution

. Putnam, ‘Diplomacy and Domestic Politics: The Logic of Two Levels Games’, in: International Organization, No. 3/1988, pp. 427–459 (here p. 457). See for the term Harold K. Jacobson, Networks of Interdependence, International Organizations and the Global Political System, Second Edition (New York: McGraw Hill, 1984), p. 128; Wessels, 2000, op. cit., pp. 107 f.; Andreas Maurer, Jürgen Mittag and Wolfgang Wessels, ‘Theoretical Perspectives on Administrative Interaction in the European Union’, in: Thomas Christiansen and Emil Kirchner (eds), Administering the New Europe

in Fifteen into one?

Unification,” pp. 58–59 and Arthur B. Gunlicks, “The Future of Federalism in the Unified Germany,” in The Domestic Politics of German Unification, edited by Christopher Allen et al. (Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1993), pp. 156–159. 133 For a strong argument in favor of boundary reform as a part of fiscal reform, see Uwe Leonardy, “Deutscher Föderalismus jenseits 2000: Reformiert oder deformiert,” Zeitschrift für Parlamentsfragen 30, no. 1 (February 1999), pp. 135–162. 134 Quoted in Rudolf Vierhaus, “Historische Grundlagen des Bundesrates: Politische Einheit und Staatenvielfalt

in The Länder and German federalism

politics, etc. “It’s a bit tricky counting on Turkey’s top brass: they feel committed to defend their country’s democracy – as they perceive it – secularism and westernization. That is why they rush to intervene in domestic politics whenever they smell that the three or each of them are under assault” – is a typical NATO attempt to understand the Turkish internal realities. 15 We have already mentioned that more than 20,000 Turkish laws and regulations must be amended and improved to conform to EU requirements. True, Ankara tries hard and does

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
Open Access (free)

secularism does not mean a separation of politics from religion, but that religion is controlled by the state. The goal is to establish a kind of control mechanism to prevent religion from influencing politics. 8 One milestone in the rise of Islam in Turkey was the officers’ coup of 1980, in whose wake religious lessons were made compulsory in schools. The army justified its intervention in domestic politics by pointing to the growth of the radical and Marxist left, particularly its militant and terrorist elements. The encouragement of “bearable

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
Open Access (free)

, did so with decreasing prominence in the government of the country. As the monarchy became less of a political pinnacle, and ministerial government encroached on the governing functions of royalty, whilst a society outside the world of monarchy and aristocracy grew in public prominence, so the monarchy developed a new role as a social pinnacle, contributing more to public identity as it contributed less to the exercise of government. And whilst the domestic political role of monarchy continued to decline, its formal and rhetorical role at the head of an empire

in Cultivating political and public identity