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Steven Fielding

/403, Note of a meeting held at Downing Street, 26 October 1964; PREM 13/978, Notes of the proceedings of the National Conference on Productivity, 27 September 1966. For more on the importance of productivity, see J. Tomlinson, The Labour Governments 1964–70. Vol. 3: Economic Policy (Manchester, 2004), chapter 8. D. E. Butler and A. King, The British General Election of 1964 (1965), pp. 115–16; PREM 13/606. PREM 13/786, The Communist party and the threatened railway strike, 22 February 1966. PREM 13/1847, Record of a meeting between H. Wilson and R. Gunter, 29 November

in The Labour Governments 1964–70 volume 1
Impact of structural tensions and thresholds
Eşref Aksu

. 36 The Declaration by the United Nations was signed by 26 states on 1 January 1942. 37 For US economic ‘national interests’ in Africa, for instance, see V. McKay, Africa in World Politics (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1974 ), pp. 278–82; and for Soviet economic policy toward Africa

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Open Access (free)
Cas Mudde

2/92). Only if these materialist and hedonist systems (and cultures) are overcome, is it possible to achieve a return to traditional ethical values. Socio-economic policy Originally the CP’86 professed a rather liberal economic view which featured primarily in the election programme. It stressed the importance of Chap6 28/5/02 13.33 156 Page 156 The Netherlands decentralisation and privatisation of state tasks, the reduction of collective spending and tax and premium reductions where and whenever possible (CP 1987: 9.7; also chapter XIII). It further

in The ideology of the extreme right
Open Access (free)
Progress behind complexity
Flaminia Gallo and Birgit Hanny

economic and financial policy was mainly shaped by so-called ‘technocratic’ actors – among them the monetary experts L. Dini and C.A. Ciampi – who had participated in the negotiations for EMU. Such technocrats were able to increase their influence by taking advantage of the elite changes in the party system and the disciplining pressure of the Maastricht criteria for the country’s economic behaviour.10 A more severe economic policy – including unpopular reductions in public expenditure and even a special Euro tax – was justified by the government in terms of Italy’s need

in Fifteen into one?
Martin D. Moore

.), The Politics of Thatcherism (London: Lawrence and Wishart in Association with Marxism Today, 1983), pp. 19–39; N. Timmins, The Five Giants: A Biography of the Welfare State (London: Fontana Press, 1996), pp. 356–60. 74 Kerr, Post-War British Politics . For economic policy: R. Lowe, The Welfare State in Britain since 1945 , 3rd edition (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005), pp. 125–6. 75 J. Tomlinson, ‘Why was there never a “Keynesian revolution” in economic policy?’, Economy and Society , 10:1 (1981), 72

in Managing diabetes, managing medicine
Richard R. Nelson

-trust policies needed to be pursued and natural monopolies needed to be regulated. And the Government needed to proceed actively to assure that the workings of the economic system did not generate unrelieved poverty. There were only a few years between the Kennedy administration’s first economic report and the ‘war on poverty’. Market organisation 21 These changes in economic policy or, more broadly, changes in the view of what capitalism was and what was needed to make it effective did not go unchallenged. By the middle or late 1970s there was considerable advocacy for

in Market relations and the competitive process
Open Access (free)
Geoffrey K. Roberts and Patricia Hogwood

, ranging from the introduction of elected assemblies for Scotland and Wales and a directly elected mayor for London to removal in stages of the hereditary peers from the House of Lords. His government’s economic policies, implemented by Gordon Brown as Chancellor of the Exchequer, have been conservative and have produced large public sector surpluses. He has made statements expressing commitment to European integration and

in The politics today companion to West European Politics
Analysing the linkages and exploring possibilities for improving health and wellbeing
Warren Smit

‘the collective physical, economic, policy and sociocultural surroundings, opportunities and conditions that influence people’s food and beverage choices and nutritional status’ (Swinburn et al., 2013 : 25). Food environments are essentially the context in which the acquisition and consumption of food occurs, providing a series of opportunities and constraints that influence decisions about what to eat (FAO, 2016 ). Most studies of urban food environments have focused on the categorisation, measurement and geographic analysis of different types of food outlet

in Urban transformations and public health in the emergent city
Open Access (free)
Better ‘the Hottentot at the hustings’ than ‘the Hottentot in the wilds with his gun on his shoulder’
Julie Evans, Patricia Grimshaw, David Philips, and Shurlee Swain

dissatisfied with the social and economic policies of the British colonial government, began to trek into the interior, seeking land and militarily challenging the dominant African rulers. The ultimate result of this ‘Great Trek’ was the establishment of Boer (Afrikaner) republics in the interior, and in Natal on the south-east coast. The Boer republic of Natalia was established in 1838, following the military

in Equal subjects, unequal rights
Simone de Beauvoir and a Global Theory of Feminist Recognition
Monica Mookherjee

in undermining the quality of diverse women's lives. By highlighting sources of gender disempowerment such as the disproportionate burdens on women through neoliberal economic policies, Fraser ( 2008b : 39) urges engagement of the world's most deprived in a dialogue about the source, or ‘frame’, of injustices affecting their lives. She thus offers a compelling three

in Recognition and Global Politics