Open Access (free)
Rima D. Apple

worked in colonial and post-colonial settings did so in a search for adventure; some for humanitarian reasons; some were thrust into nursing out of necessity. Most struggled under adverse physical conditions, often with limited resources. Though some were closely supervised, others found themselves willing or unwilling independent healthcare providers with a limited or non-existent support network. All were sent as ambassadors of Western medicine and their presence was vital in maintaining the strength of empire. During war, they cared for the sick and wounded and

in Colonial caring
Open Access (free)
Looking beyond the state
Anna Greenwood

fields. It instead makes some tentative steps to describing just one small aspect of the untidy reality of Empire. The history of an institution such as the Colonial Medical Service, which seems outwardly to represent the pinnacle of an elite government agency, in fact reveals pervasive and persuasive stereotypes (which undoubtedly also represent some aspects of the reality) that are uncomfortably difficult to

in Beyond the state
Alexis Heraclides and Ada Dialla

days of its ‘golden age’, trailed behind the other Western countries. Yet all Spaniards were united by the memory of a glorious past, now symbolized by the possession of Cuba (the island had been claimed by Columbus for Spain in his very first voyage, of 1492). Cuba and the immense overseas empire were regarded as God’s gift to Spain for the Reconquista (the re-conquest) of Christian Spain from the Muslims and an integral part of the Spanish nation. 12

in Humanitarian intervention in the long nineteenth century
Oliver Turner

discourses or wisdoms. It is that in any discussion of presidential legacy, it is useful in the first instance to step back to assess the historical conditions which explain how they could come to be, and what the past tells us about their likely future direction. This chapter begins by speaking to debates around whether US internationalism represents empire or hegemony, and their applicability to the United States’ place in Asia and the Pacific. To make sense of that place and its varied manifestations across space and time, it is argued that the United States has

in The United States in the Indo-Pacific
John Marriott

; economically, it reduced the pool of unproductive labour and the diversion of precious financial resources in relief of destitution to the benefit of nation and empire. It was an ethos that combined personal and national salvation. Thus were established in broad outline the principles that were to culminate in the 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act, not in the event for the salvation of the nineteenth-century poor

in The other empire
The example of the German principality of Waldeck
Andreas Flurschütz da Cruz

Brewer, The Sinews of Power: War, Money and the English State, 1688–1783 (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1989). 5 Venice, Archivio di Stato di Venezia (ASVe), Senato, Deliberazioni, Corti, Registri, 63, and other holdings; Benjamin Arbel, ‘Venice’s Maritime Empire in the Early Modern Period’, in A Companion to Venetian History, 1400–1797, 174 Subsidies, diplomacy, and state formation Those three powers are politically characterized by their corporate structure and mixed monarchical or republican constitution. Their oligarchic regimes favoured a ‘classical republican

in Subsidies, diplomacy, and state formation in Europe, 1494–1789
Felix Kanitz and Balkan archaeology
Vladimir V. Mihajlović

; Horel, 2011: 16–17; Teichner, 2015: 7). At the age of 14 he started training as an illustrator at the studio of the famous illustrator Vincenz Grimm (1800–72) in Pest. Grimm was a very important figure in Hungarian artistic circles of the time – he was the founder of the ROBERTS 9781526134554 PRINT.indd 189 03/12/2019 08:56 190 Communities and knowledge production in archaeology Pest Art Society (Pesti műegylet) – and, likewise, close friend to numerous politicians and scholars in the Habsburg Empire (Horel, 2011: 17; Timotijević, 2011: 94). As a result, while

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Open Access (free)
Contextualising colonial and post-colonial nursing
Helen Sweet and Sue Hawkins

a number of colonial and post-colonial settings. Whilst we have taken pains to select chapters that incorporate nursing provided by colonial powers across Western Europe and the USA to make this as globally representative as possible, we are well aware that in the ten chapters that follow we can only touch the surface of the story. By the end of the First World War, and despite the Western nations’ ‘Scramble for Africa’4 the British Empire still covered about one quarter of the Earth’s total land area and ruled a population in excess of 500 million people. The

in Colonial caring
Open Access (free)
The Queen in Australia
Jane Landman

Commonwealth conquest of Everest, an event broadly reported as a royal tribute. 2 These events bracket a period of Commonwealth optimism, a temporary pause between the imperial ‘implosions’ of the late 1940s (the independence of India, Pakistan, Ceylon/Sri Lanka and Burma) and the next round of Empire-diminishing events (e.g. Suez in 1956–57, followed by African decolonisation starting in the early 1960s). 3

in The British monarchy on screen
Open Access (free)
Sabine Clarke

During the 1930s, episodes of violent protest by the inhabitants of Britain’s Caribbean colonies brought the extremely poor living and working conditions that existed in these territories to domestic and international attention. Revelations of widespread unemployment, squalid housing and malnutrition threatened the moral authority of British rule and provided fuel for critics of British imperialism. As a result, Britain made a commitment to improving living conditions in an area of the British Empire that it had previously neglected. This

in Science at the end of empire