Defending Cold War Canada
Katie Pickles

she, herself, joins’. On top of that advice it would be useful to teach children ‘pride in and loyalty to the traditions of democracy of the British Empire and their application to Canadian life today’. 1 Such advice illuminates the importance of women to postwar Canadian citizenship. Citizenship was a place that was gendered through an appeal to women’s enduring domestic positioning. While

in Female imperialism and national identity
Open Access (free)
The ‘pathology’ of childhood in late nineteenth-century London
Steven Taylor

. 8 As the core themes of this volume highlight, self-conscious reflections on ‘modern life’ in Britain and its social, cultural, and political consequences, increased concerns about urban environments and the place of individuals within them, as well as raising broader questions about the nature of identity, nation, and social development. Subsequently, within this climate the elevation of children's health to a national concern should be unsurprising as they represented the future of state and empire

in Progress and pathology
Emergency nursing in the Indian Mutiny
Sam Goodman

part of the central narrative of British India and remained so until the end of the Raj in 1947, and, in many cases, beyond it.3 18 Lady amateurs and gentleman professionals Examining how and why the Indian Mutiny remained in the British consciousness in this fashion involves the consideration of a medium perennially associated with the British experience in India, as well as the wider Empire, namely that of the diary or journal. Originating in its recognisable modern form in the Enlightenment of the eighteenth century, a period contemporaneous with the

in Colonial caring
The Tokugawa, the Zheng maritime network, and the Dutch East India Company
Adam Clulow and Xing Hang

Jing pushed back by sending ships to patrol the sea lanes leading into Nagasaki. The result was an impasse and a precipitous drop in Nagasaki trade as the Zheng blockade began to stifle maritime routes leading into the port. As has been well documented, maritime violence was at the centre of the European push into Asia.4 To borrow Carlo Cipolla’s words, guns, sails, and empire were bound tightly together.5 The overseas enterprises that began to move into Asian waters in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries were maritime organizations that were geared towards

in A global history of early modern violence
Open Access (free)
Catherine Hall

extraordinary imperial panorama, set at the time of Waterloo. The novel is permeated with empire – from Sambo, the Sedleys’ grinning black footman who appears on the very first page, to Jos Sedley who has made his fortune in India, the Irish Colonel O’Dowd and his vulgar wife Peggy, to the hypocritical Pitt Crawley, friend of Wilberforce, with his love for Negro emancipation, the Chickasaw Indians and the

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain
Open Access (free)
Visions of history, visions of Britain
Stephen Howe

as embodying the ‘pursuit of happiness’, astonishing love letters to an ideal of young British womanhood. The nature of James’s writings means also that discussion of their influence in Britain must explore not only a ‘bilateral’ British-Caribbean relationship, but a triangular one. That is, it must approach his stance towards and influence on Britain in part via his writings on the British empire

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain
Open Access (free)
John Marriott

‘present extended taste for reading ’, much of which was centred in London. 13 This ‘march of intellect’ has swept aside resistance from a corrupt state oligarchy which had precipitated a crisis in empire through the loss of the thirteen colonies, ferment in Europe and threat of yet further loss of India. From this struggle for power, the ‘ spirit of inquiry ’ has gone forth promoting new approaches to

in The other empire
Open Access (free)
Crossing the seas
Bill Schwarz

privileges of empire were their due. 1 These photographic images, and those of the flickering, monochrome newsreels which accompany them, have now come to compose a social archive. They serve to fix the collective memory of the momentous transformation of postwar migration. At the same time, however, their very familiarity works to conceal other angles of vision. We become so habituated to the logic of

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain
Open Access (free)
Pacifism and feminism in Victorian Britain
Heloise Brown

result in universal peace and the elevation of women’s position. Such arguments were employed by Evangelicals such as Laura Ormiston Chant and, to a lesser extent, Priscilla Peckover. In the 1880s, moderate ideas of imperialism and internationalism emerged that focused upon maintaining the existing empire while opposing its expansion, and developing international connections between feminists. This thinking influenced, to varying degrees, the arguments of Ellen Robinson, Isabella Tod and the International Council of Women. The latest strand to develop was the feminist

in ‘The truest form of patriotism’
Open Access (free)
Balancing the self in the twentieth century
Mark Jackson and Martin D. Moore

Introduction Writing in the early 1990s, the prominent British historian Eric Hobsbawm labelled the twentieth century – or at least the period between 1914 and 1991 – ‘the age of extremes’. 1 Having witnessed a series of global economic disasters, ethnic cleansing, two world wars, the foundation and fall of the Soviet Union and the dismantling of pernicious empires – which were often replaced by insular and inequitable nation-states – Hobsbawm saw the twentieth century as

in Balancing the self