Open Access (free)
Bridget Byrne and Carla De Tona

of the three areas of the study. The areas are not equally geographically close: Chorlton and Whalley Range are neighbouring areas in the south of Manchester, less than three miles from the city centre; Cheadle Hulme is ten miles from the centre, also in the south of Manchester. Yet, as with many cities in the UK, the demographic make-up of these small areas is relatively distinct, in terms of ethnicity and class. As the chapter will explore, these differences play out in how the areas are talked about by the interviewees. Having introduced the area, and the

in All in the mix
The organisation of war-escalation in the Krajina region of Croatia 1990–91
Hannes Grandits and Carolin Leutloff

Party) were present at the official celebrations. At that time, hostile boundaries between Serbs and Croats were not yet so well established. In socialist times, ethnic or national affiliations were known in neighbourhood situations as well as at work places and other spheres of everyday life. However, up to 1990 everyday inter-ethnic relations were depicted as being to a large extent harmonious, and it was often asserted that ethnic affiliations were not at all important for the people (Nyström 1987; Siber 1988; Dugandzija 1991; Denich 1994a). But at the time of the

in Potentials of disorder
Open Access (free)
Passion and politics
Hilary Pilkington

racist elements are encountered within the movement but remain adamant that this does not mean the movement itself is racist. They point to the commitment to ‘kicking out racists’ and to making the movement ‘open to all’ (regardless of colour, ethnicity, faith, gender and sexuality) as evidence of this aspiration. Central to respondents’ understanding of the movement’s non-racism is its hostility towards traditional far right parties (especially the BNP). At the individual level, activists construct a non-racist self by mobilising a narrow definition of racism as

in Loud and proud
Open Access (free)
Cameron Ross

development of strong parties, and a stable party system;8 5 a unified state, agreed borders and the absence of ethnic and religious conflict;9 6 external factors: a peaceful international environment, the impact of globalisation.10 A second school has centred its research on the transition process. Here scholars argue that the very nature of the transition itself largely determines the success or failure of democratisation.11 ‘Revolutions from above’ are contrasted with ‘revolutions from below’. A major focus for this school is the role of elites and the importance of

in Federalism and democratisation in Russia
Open Access (free)
Towards a teleological model of nationalism
David Bruce MacDonald

tenet of this study is that Biblical history and teleology have contributed greatly to the development of many forms of ethnic national identity. Liah Greenfeld, in her study of nationalism, posited that the return to Old Testament narratives and myths of divine election was of central importance in the development of the first nationalism (which she locates in early modern England), and by extension to all subsequent national movements. Similarly, Michael Walzer has noted the importance of Biblical exodus history, and how it has shaped the ‘civic

in Balkan holocausts?
Heidi Hansson

own uncertainty and lack of self-esteem. It proves to her that she has no identity, that she is ‘nothing’ as she repeatedly thinks throughout the novel. In the national story, the search for identity can usually be satisfied through information about genetic – and by extension ethnic – background and identification with the nation, but Enright demythologises many of the staples of older Irish fiction, such as rural farm life, family relationships and the moral superiority of nuns, and she does not replace these old stabilities with a new belief in genetics, which

in Irish literature since 1990
Organizing principles, 1900–1919
Katie Pickles

. Examining the preference for British immigrants, this chapter shows how, as was the case with other ethnic labels, ‘Britishness’ was very much an invented tradition. During the early years of the twentieth century women’s place was often ideally located as a wife, mother or daughter in private domestic space. The IODE was involved in utilizing such maternal identity in the

in Female imperialism and national identity
Catherine Baker

–demographic spaces but not others (those ‘non-European’ ones are ascribed to ‘the Balkans’). This characteristic of ethnonational and socio-economic identity-making in south-east Europe reveals both the music and the discourses as part of a common post-Ottoman space (Buchanan (ed.) 2007 ). The break-up of Yugoslavia, meanwhile, enmeshed popular music in the same political processes of ethnic separation and marginalisation of social alternatives that operated throughout post-Yugoslav public spheres (Čolović 1994 ; Pettan (ed.) 1998b ; Gordy 1999 ). The powerful interventions in

in Race and the Yugoslav region
Open Access (free)
Reflections in a distorting mirror
Christoph Zürcher

, allied aircraft leave at short intervals. The British frigate HMS Splendid fires a salvo of cruise missiles. These events are broadcast in real time by satellite links all over the globe. These are the pictures that the public has been told to expect for weeks. It is the beginning of NATO’s Operation Allied Force, the long-announced answer of the international community to ethnic cleansing in

in Mapping European security after Kosovo
Open Access (free)
Janelle Joseph

examination of cricket. At the same time, cricket is an integral part of Canadian history. Canada comprises many diasporas and its history is composed of migrants’ experiences. Cricket in Canada, once the exclusive pastime of dominant English migrants, has been a popular culture of minority ethnic groups since the middle of the twentieth century. As is the case for African-American blues music, which “was once

in Sport in the Black Atlantic