Open Access (free)
Birgit Lang
Joy Damousi
, and
Alison Lewis

meanings. Only after the First World War did writers embrace the empathetic potential of the medical case study with greater self-confidence. The democratisation of Central Europe coincided with the peak and downfall of the case study in its medical guise after 1918. The dissemin­ ation of academic and expert knowledge to specific target audiences and, for the first time, to a mass audience returned to the genre a new sense of urgency and morality. Yet this new accessibility coincided with a wider shift in the life sciences away from the case study as an important

in A history of the case study
Debates about potential and ambition in British socialist thought
Jeremy Nuttall

of people’s talents and potential in its own right was the tendency to see change in the structure of the economy as the prerequisite for improvement in people’s intellectual and cultural opportunities. For Olivier, ‘the most important influence in the repairing of social morality may perhaps be looked for not so much from the direct action of . . . elements of the higher education [such as libraries, museums and the arts] as from those very socialist forms of property and industry which we believe to be the primary condition for allowing such higher education to

in In search of social democracy
The victims' struggle for recognition and recurring genocide memories in Namibia
Vilho Amukwaya Shigwedha

children, had been killed by the time the violence ended. This scenario may assert the event as the first genocide of the twentieth century.2 It is also felt that the mass murder of Herero and Nama civilians, with impunity and in defiance of European martial codes, corroded German military morality and set the scene for even more extreme crimes by Hitler in Eastern Europe in the 1940s.3 While the campaign to annihilate the population of the Herero and Nama communities was ongoing, hundreds of human remains  –​especially skulls –​of the victims were collected and packaged

in Human remains in society
The expansion and significance of violence in early modern
Richard Reid

violence to build new states and societies and developed ideologies rooted in the notion that violence was necessary to the securement of ‘peace’ and social cohesion, as well as in the drive for economic expansion and exploitation of factor endowments.9 In Bunyoro, and later Buganda and Nkore, founding fathers were men of war, but simultaneously builders of coalitions and guarantors of collective security. In these new communities, created in the swirl of population movement across some of the most fertile land in the region, morality was central to the exercise of

in A global history of early modern violence
Open Access (free)
Duncan Wilson

speaks to our perennial concerns with power – who wields it and to what ends. It appears an especially important subject in light of recent claims that we should focus on the ways in which biopower operated and was reconfigured during the twentieth century, along with the consequences for our notions of health, illness, morality and what it means to be human.23 With this in mind, it is little wonder that writers from several fields have begun to chart the history of our ‘insatiable demand for bioethics’.24 The first accounts came from bioethicists themselves, often as

in The making of British bioethics
ELIZA the more than mechanical therapist
Caroline Bassett

of Skinner, but startling to the uninitiated: we can no longer afford freedom, and so it must be replaced with control over man, his conduct, and his culture’ ( Time , 1971). Behaviourism's refusal of agency, its denial of the self, its desire to delegate matters of decision around good and evil to agencies beyond the individual human, was anathema to many. It was challenged by left theorists, including Noam Chomsky, 11 for its societal implications and for the morality of its desire to replace

in Anti-computing
James Thompson

preference for morality drawn from the rational, has historically been a validation of a very particular rational man . The ethics of care sees autonomy as partly illusionary, fostering the myth that ‘society is composed of free, equal, and independent individuals who can choose to associate with one another or not’ (Held, 2006 : 14). Instead, care ethics values real attachments between individuals and groups, where there is a felt responsibility for the other and concomitant commitment to aid that other. These close relationships become the source of a morality that

in Performing care
Open Access (free)
Neil McNaughton

same time, the social pressures on individuals were becoming more significant as society as a whole was growing more complex. Secondly, the steady decline in religious observance and in the integrity of family life threatened to create a vacuum in the Education 53 transmission of values and morality from one generation to the next. Education was increasingly viewed as a way of filling this vacuum. In summary, therefore, we can say that the second half of the twentieth century has seen a whole new set of responsibilities placed on the education system at all levels

in Understanding British and European political issues
Open Access (free)
Rex Martin

justice or morality. In our own political tradition there is an argument somewhat like the Socratic one; it stresses not the morality of keeping agreements but, rather, the connection between a legitimately constituted government, on the one hand, and a citizen’s duty to obey the valid laws issued by such a government, on the other. This obligation is a strict one; it attaches to all laws and can be overridden, if at all, only in

in Political concepts
Fiona Robinson

remarkable traction, especially in the past two decades. Care ethics presents a radical challenge to dominant, rationalist approaches. It is an account of ethics which sees the basic substance of morality as located in the dispositions and practices of caring which feature so significantly in the day-to-day lives of most people around the world. Care ethics starts from a notion of the self as fundamentally

in Recognition and Global Politics