faintest of smiles, the simplest of words, the slightest gesture’, and
whilst the comparison with James is well-judged, Mizener misses the
edge to this text, one that raises its game and enables comparison of its
drama with that of The Good Soldier and Parade’s End.1
Freud has much to say of the active implications of ‘civilized society’.
This society is one that
demands good conduct and does not trouble itself about the instinctual
basis of this conduct, [and] has thus won over to obedience a great many
people who are not in this following their own natures. Encouraged
R. H. Helmholz
Judges and trials in the English
R. H. Helmholz
This chapter examines the nature of trials in the English ecclesiastical courts,
paying special attention to the role played by the judges. The sources upon
which it is based are: first, the formal rules of procedural law and the commentaries upon them written by the canonists and other jurists of the European ius commune; and second, the act books and other ancillary material
from the courts themselves. In accepting the invitation to contribute to this
from the status of a ‘carthorse’ to that of a ‘thoroughbred’.3
As the evidence of a nascent economic boom began to accumulate in
the mid-1990s, numerous analysts sought to characterise the nature of
the changes underway. While various terms were coined to capture the
transformation of the southern Irish economy, there was, of course, one
that would become indelibly inscribed upon the process and the period.
In the summer of 1994, Kevin Gardiner of the Morgan Stanley investment
bank in London sought to draw a comparison between the performance
The volume explores a question that sheds light on the contested, but largely cooperative, nature of Arctic governance in the post-Cold War period: How do power relations matter – and how have they mattered – in shaping cross-border cooperation and diplomacy in the Arctic? Through carefully selected case studies – from Russia’s role in the Arctic Council to the diplomacy of indigenous peoples’ organisations – this book seeks to shed light on how power performances are enacted constantly to shore up Arctic cooperation in key ways. The conceptually driven nature of the enquiry makes the book appropriate reading for courses in international relations and political geography, while the carefully selected case studies lend themselves to courses on Arctic politics.
imprison, over the seventy years of
their existence, around 15 million people. The precise nature of
these camps, which were placed between 1930 and 1956 under
the aegis of a dedicated central administration, the gulag,7 varied
greatly according to specific local situations and prevailing historical circumstances, as these factors largely dictated the living
conditions (and therefore life expectancy) of detainees, depending
on whether, for example, they were employed in the agricultural or
industrial sectors, or in mining, or imprisoned during particularly
In his classic work on The Sociological Imagination, C.
Wright Mills argued that it ‘enables the possessor to understand the historical scene in terms of its meaning for the
inner life and external career of individuals’ (Mills 1959: 5).
In other words, sociology seeks to explain the experience
and life chances of the individual in terms of the wider historical and institutional context. Sociological accounts of
the nature of democracy and democratization are thus less
concerned with the formal constitution of governmental
Introduction: deviant voices
NATO’s bombing campaign in
Kosovo and the refusal of most Western leaders to regard it as war have
prompted numerous questions about the nature of this episode in recent
European history. How should ‘Kosovo’ be categorised? Can
it be covered by the usual linguistic repertoire, or does
‘Kosovo’ testify to the fact that ‘war’ has
been further consolidated by a third round of regional elections conducted
over the period 1999–2001.
Manipulation of the electoral system
However, the cynical nature in which President Yeltsin manipulated the
election process in the regions has done much to damage the develop-
Regional elections and political parties
ment of a democratic political culture. Yeltsin’s victory over the parliamentarians signalled a victory of executive power over legislative power
which eventually led to the development of a semi
Louisa Atkinson’s recasting of the Australian landscape
A botanist, journalist, taxidermist, and fiction-writer, Louisa Atkinson (1834–72) was the first Australian-born woman to publish a novel, and a stern critic of violence in the name of progress. Gertrude the Emigrant (1857) appeared when its author was only twenty-three, but by then Atkinson was already an accomplished nature writer and a highly respected botanical illustrator. 1 She had also begun to pen short stories for the local newspapers, and went on to publish five more novels (an additional novel, Tressa’s Resolve , was published posthumously
This book reviews a variety of approaches to the study of the European Union's foreign policy. Much analysis of EU foreign policy contains theoretical assumptions about the nature of the EU and its member states, their inter-relationships, the international system in which they operate and the nature of European integration. The book outlines the possibilities for the use of discourse analysis in the study of European foreign policy. It sets out to explore the research problem using a political-cultural approach and seeks to illuminate the cognitive mind-maps with which policy-makers interpret their political 'realities'. The book provides an overview and analysis of some of the non-realist approaches to international relations and foreign policy, and proposes an analytical framework with which to explore the complex interplay of factors affecting European foreign policy. The book suggests one way of seeking theoretical parsimony without sacriﬁcing the most deﬁning empirical knowledge which has been generated about Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) over the years. It argues that while the sui generis nature of CFSP presents an acute problem for international relations theory, it is less pronounced with regard to traditional integration theory. The book discusses the dimensions of European foreign policy-making with reference to the case of arms export controls. Situated at the interface between European studies and international relations, it outlines how the EU relates to the rest of the world, explaining its effort towards creating a credible, effective and principled foreign, security and defence policy.