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The lump-child and its parents in The King of Tars
Jane Gilbert

by Lacan’s description of the paternal function as the imposition of order on the chaos of nature (by this means the father symbolises the differential structure of the Law). Whereas Aristotle’s focus is on the insufficiencies of the mother, however, Lacan’s is on those of the father; moreover, Aristotle grounds his discussions of paternity and maternity in biology (thus providing them with the ideological camouflage afforded by an association with ‘nature’), while Lacan emphasises the political dimensions of both. Lacan’s writings of the early and mid 1950s, in

in Pulp fictions of medieval England
Literary appreciation, comparatism, and universalism in the Straits Chinese Magazine
Porscha Fermanis

Chinese women occupy without thinking of the complementary nature of their functions in the social economy. They … generalise from exceptions and abnormalities’. Lim’s critique involves not just a reversal of the European comparative gaze by a hypothetical ‘Chinese observer’ in London and Paris (itself reminiscent of the infamous Chinese ‘hypothetical mandarin’), but also an exposition of the defective use of Enlightenment methodologies by European comparatists: ‘What a terrible picture of European life would be painted by a Chinese observer who made his observations

in Worlding the south
Dana Phillips

, and inadvisable to try and glean a hopeful, utopian message from the trilogy’s treatment of resilience, stability and sustainability. If Atwood’s corporate henchmen and boy-wonder scientists are appalling in their reckless disregard for planetary wellbeing, most especially for animal and human rights, they are also whip-smart and quick to counter flabby arguments about the sacred nature of species, or – as they would insist – genomes. Conversely, her environmental activists (many of them corporate renegades themselves) can be almost as hard to stomach as their

in Literature and sustainability
Open Access (free)
Reading practices and participation in digital and medieval media
Heather Blatt

self-interest, digital media can offer much to those studying media studies, literary culture, and book history in the late Middle Ages. In digital media, participation relates to interaction, which together have been used to emphasize the ground-breaking nature of the digital, initially perceived as setting ‘new’ media aside from ‘old’ media. While that divisive view has since diminished in the current approaches of digital media studies, which recognize greater continuity among historical forms of media, the attention given to participation still proves beneficial

in Participatory reading in late-medieval England
Open Access (free)
Memory and identity in Marie Redonnet’s fiction of the 1990s
Aine Smith

stake in Redonnet’s work. There are, of course, a number of factors which can be used to account for the enfeebled – and ultimately enfeebling – nature of the identity with which characters are afflicted. The majority of Redonnet’s characters exist in a largely hostile landscape, one which threatens not only some abstract notion of identity but their very material existence. A recurrent feature of the œuvre is the threat and/or eventual experience of death through engloutissement (being swallowed up) by the landscape. Much more significant, however, than the threat to

in Women’s writing in contemporary France
James Paz

abstract concept or a divinity), but a physical object or being’.7 The weird creature (the OE wiht) we encounter at the outset of the poem, and veiled by its obscure speech, turns out to be a familiar phenomenon, a part of everyday experience. By taking on board the lessons of the riddles, and incorporating their approach to the material world into our critical practice, Tiffany’s essay aims to encourage the humanities to abandon uncritical assumptions about the nature of material substance, for ‘the reality of matter must always remain uncertain, always a problem that

in Nonhuman voices in Anglo-Saxon literature and material culture
Open Access (free)
Alternative pasts, sustainable futures
David Calder

have happened? The conceit of the installations indicates their double temporality. The installations conjure a distant future after the disappearance of humans from the earth. As Dubus explained in our 2017 conversation (switching, unprompted, to the future perfect), ‘All the pollution we will have left, we will have given birth to new plants that are on the frontiers of robotics.’20 On an early crowd-funding page for Le murmure des plantes, Giraud suggests that his project is a vision of a future form that nature might take in order to reclaim its rights.21 Humans

in Street theatre and the production of postindustrial space
Can performance care?
Maurice Hamington

include methods and practices rather than simply cognitive concepts. The next section of the chapter contends that improvisation can provide a structural framework for caring interactions that are extemporaneous by nature. Accordingly, normativity, or the right thing to do, is understood as emergent within relational experience. Care ethics is offered as providing both a method and a theory here rather than an abstract and a priori moral system. Within an improvisation model, normativity emerges from the performance. The fourth section of the chapter engages

in Performing care
Open Access (free)
Convergence, emergence and divergence
Simon Parry

culture over nature. Scientific knowledge production is based on ‘violent separation’ and tends to reductionism through ‘partiality’ – the exploitation and dissection of nature and the taking of parts for wholes (Shiva et al. 2014, 47). Shiva, who holds a PhD in Physics, has advocated for an alternative ecological scientific practice that resists knowledge hierarchies recognising and not exploiting indigenous and women’s knowledges. My perspective in this book attempts to draw on elements of such critique, and indeed on scientific ideas, without adopting either

in Science in performance
Open Access (free)
Enthusiasm and audit
David Herd

transmission; to bring it to a halt; to effect a STOP. It is in the nature of bureaucracy, this is to say, that it militates directly against the understanding of literature; that it works in opposition to the enthusiastic state of mind which, at some level or another, is vital to literary activity. Such enthusiasm is difficult to sustain. Of the enthusiasts discussed in this book, only Moore lived out a long and relatively steady life. Thoreau died of tuberculosis at the age of forty-four. Melville died in obscurity, having long since retreated from the American literary

in Enthusiast!