Open Access (free)
Tony Addison

higher GDP growth rates than those with autocratic governments’. However, other studies show negative effects. Barro (1996) argues that earlier work was statistically biased owing to the omission of a number of growth’s determinants – in particular, measures of the degree to which property and contract rights are respected – and that once these deficiencies are corrected for, a moderately negative effect of democracy on economic growth is found. Helliwell (1994) finds a negative but non-significant effect of democracy on economic growth. However, the negative effect in

in Democratization through the looking-glass
Mark Tomlinson and Andrew McMeekin

modelling results fall into three categories with respect to this.1 1 Consumption routines for goods that fall into this category are determined by both long-standing habitus effects (the 1985 class variable is significant) but not by social mobility (the white/blue-collar shift variables are significant). This suggests that the habitus effects persist and that social mobility makes no significant impact. We call this habitus-dominated routine consumption (see Figure 2). 2 Consumption routines for goods that fall into this category are determined by both long

in Innovation by demand
Open Access (free)
Sven Rubenson, Amsalu Aklilu, Shiferaw Bekele, and Samuel Shiferaw 

Document no. 152 Maḥammad Ḥanfadhē to Giovanni Branchi, 28 Jan. 1884 200 RUBENSON TEXT.indd 200 03/02/2021 13:53 To His Excellency, the most noble and most honoured, the beloved and respected Consul of Aseb. May God Almighty lead him. Amen. If you ask about us and those who take refuge with us, we are well and healthy, and we are not concerned about anything except you and your well-being which is the ultimate aim and desire of the Lord of the faithful. These lines are dispatched from Sinkara, the protected; all the information we have is good and

in Colonial Powers and Ethiopian Frontiers 1880–1884
An ‘aesthetics of care’ through aural attention
Sylvan Baker and Maggie Inchley

young people and their reflections on it with due respect and care. Crucially, our decision to use verbatim theatre was not to align our practice with that of the therapeutic storytelling that James Thompson, among others, has argued risks recycling a speaker’s trauma ( 2009 : 45). Instead, we wanted to use verbatim theatre techniques and strategies to acknowledge the expertise of the young people and to support an implicit process of self-narration of their paths into adult life. As the project progressed, we began to recognise the potential impact of our verbatim

in Performing care
Matthew S. Weinert

form of costs or criteria; I explore such criteria with respect to inter-state practices of recognition in the next section, and with respect to interhuman practices of recognition in the fourth section of this chapter. Succinctly stated, recognition theory demands deeper engagement of the production of recognition. Vagaries of political and social life, not to mention

in Recognition and Global Politics
Evolution of the normative basis
Eşref Aksu

the main objective, with the utmost emphasis placed on protecting the sovereignty of state parties to the conflict. At the same time, the UN was required to respect fully state sovereignty, that is, uphold the principle of non-intervention. The notion of UN authority inherent in Hammarskjöld’s peacekeeping doctrine, however, contrasted sharply with that implicit in collective security thinking. Almost by

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
An assessment of EU development aid policies
William Brown

projects to a greater emphasis on funding programmes of policy reform. The Bretton Woods institutions – the IMF and the World Bank – coordinated and led this change. To an extent, the IMF had always been involved in policy conditionality in this sense, granting short-term balance-of-payments support to countries in return for commitments by the recipient to address the sources of imbalance, particularly through austerity measures. The 1980s saw this role revitalised and generalised with respect to developing countries. For the World Bank the change was more marked

in EU development cooperation
Jeremy Waldron

Muslim’s – sensitivities can be stated in publicly accessible terms? If they cannot, then maybe they have no claim to be respected in a liberal society, for Q cannot state his complaint against P, and against the system that permits P, in publicly accessible terms.20 On this approach, the trouble with Q’s insistence on a certain sort of moral environment, free from pornography and blasphemy, is that it depends on premises that are internal to his religious faith, and that might seem perhaps arbitrary from an external point of view. This does show, I think, some of the

in The culture of toleration in diverse societies
Open Access (free)
Flexible and pragmatic adaptation
Danielle Bossaert

participation and co-decision for the smaller states, have contributed considerably to ensuring that Luxembourg has an influence disproportionate to its size. Normally, an isolated state such as Luxembourg – which has no political weight to speak of, has few natural resources and is more than 95 per cent dependent on imports and exports – would hardly be noticed as a sovereign state in European and international circles. In this context, the other Member States now recognise and respect the Grand Duchy as a partner, not least because of the active presence and willingness to

in Fifteen into one?
Bonnie Clementsson

, the different cousin relationships by consanguinity or affinity ( cousin , wife's cousin , cousin's widow , two cousins ) were among the most commonly occurring grounds for applications with respect to separate categories at this time. The authorities’ assessment of these applications was comparatively free of conflict. The applications did not cause any discussions among the members of the cathedral chapter, and the results were the same irrespective of whether a case dealt with consanguinity or affinity relationships, full or half relations. Requests were

in Incest in Sweden, 1680–1940