whereby the hegemonic public transcript was reproduced by both the dominant and the dominated (32–26).
The topsy-turvy and ambivalently political humorous interactions that were such a common feature of my time researching the street markets in Napoli were also suffused by the particular configurations of male power and leadership that developed between Italian unification and the end of the Second World War, creating a local context of sexuality. In particular, this related to the potential threat of racial intimacy between Neapolitan women and black migrant men
The use of character evidence in Victorian sodomy trials
H. G. Cocks
demonstration of this fact in the 1871 case of Ernest Boulton and Frederick
Park, see Jeffrey Weeks, Sex, Politics and Society: the Regulation of Sexuality in Britain Since 1800 (London: Longmans, 1989); Alan Sinfield, The Wilde Century: Oscar
Wilde, Effeminacy and the Queer Moment (New York: Cassell, 1994); Neil Bartlett,
Who Was That Man: a Present for Mr Oscar Wilde (London: Penguin, 1987).
5 Morning Chronicle (1 August 1854). Campbell was conducting his own defence.
He was neither sent for trial nor fined, his respectability and status having been
suspicion was that the power of sexuality was
coming to assert itself: certainly the growth of sexology and the rise of
the ‘new woman’ were related. Dyer’s words ‘latent’, ‘crouched’ and
‘gathering’ conjure up Henry James’s ‘beast in the jungle’, sexual
knowledge of self that will spring up and out, probably violently.
Instinct has been sublimated to civilisation: as civilisation is shocked
and changes, instinct begins to gain expression.
Freud, in his professional and authorial role, was at least emblematic
of modernism. He reflects it: ‘given the turbulence of
of the modernist ideologies of formalism are accompanied by the uncritical desire ‘to
allow art to return to its social context’,7 they all too often collapse into the opposite
reductive tendency, namely, the re-enactment of the political ‘death of art’. Second,
there is the persisting diﬃculty of studying the interconnection between gender, race
and sexuality in the cultural politics of modernity, despite all claims to the contrary.
The juxtaposition of Paul Gilroy’s The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double
Consciousness, devoted to a brilliant
the ambivalent provision of the moss, as he imagines other-worldly beings seeking out its ‘watercress and carrion’. From the start, the bog is both cleansing and fetid, life-giving and life-taking (Finn 2006 ). ‘The Tollund Man’ continues to evoke this ambiguous power: winter seeds and germination, set against hanging and the necessary demand of sacrifice. ‘Nerthus’ conjures an ash bog figure and its enduring presence, but even within this short poem a subtle sexuality is felt, in the ‘long grains gathered to a split’; an eroticisation of archaeological remains
obviously in the Runnymede Trust report. We also want, therefore,
to examine the possible intersections between geopolitical markers of
supposed ‘marginality’ and other boundaries and hierarchies operating in
identity politics – gender, ethnicity, class and sexuality in particular. In
this arena we believe that insufficient attention had been placed to the
relationship between ‘Celtic spaces’ and other areas of ‘difference’, even
within the context of emerging concerns around a ‘New Britishness’: As
Robert Crawford notes in the afterword to his influential Devolving
women’s movements are ‘exposing the limitations of a discourse which, in its universalism, conceals a gendered and
racialised subject identity, a Western, ethnocentric conception of rights, and an ontology which denies heterogeneity
The importance of context has been the third intervention that feminists have made in the debate about democratization. Feminists have pointed to the diversity of women’s
histories, and to their differential experiences of ‘the public’ on account of class, race, disability and sexuality, to
argue for the essentially
upon their intense fear of the disordering power of female sexuality. Just as
the person of the witch is closely identified with that of the devil in the Malleus,
INTRODUCTION: CONTESTED CATEGORIES
so too does unbridled female sexuality come to be all but indistinguishable
from demonic power.
The conception of witchcraft which emerges from this examination of
the Malleus is idiosyncratic, one of a large number of competing notions of
what witchcraft was all about in the late fifteenth century.Yet within fifty years
On a comprehensive level, my investigation aims to shed light on how the sexuality of individuals has been restricted by different norms and values in society. By using historical examples and long timelines, I want to show what a revolutionary change the theoretical legislation, as well as the practical application of the incest prohibitions, has undergone, and how this development can be linked to prevailing norms and values throughout the entire studied period. Sometimes these norms have been specific to Sweden; but Swedish developments
regarded by the Anglo-Saxon
race as a curse against civilisation’ (quoted in Shepard 1986: 101).
Stoler (2002) reminds us how managing intimacy was central to the
power relations of empire. Appropriate behaviours, sexual conduct,
proximity and touching all worked as sites of struggle over race, gender,
class. As developed in the case of the ‘savages’ of South Africa, orientalist
imaginaries of feverish sexuality, immorality and virility conditioned
both the racialisation of colonised men but also the parameters over
the acceptable conduct of