Washington’s painful search for a credible China policy
Börje Ljunggren

eroded ‘in every domain of warfare’, concluding that ‘Great power competition, not terrorism, is now the primary focus of US national security.’ 26 The 2017 National Security Strategy echoed this view, describing China (and Russia) as a competitor, which is ‘trying to erode American security and prosperity’. In this world reduced to a state of ‘great-power competition’, countries pursue their national interests without any commitment to creating a better world. 27 Across its first two years, the strategic response to these challenges by the Trump administration has

in The United States in the Indo-Pacific
Open Access (free)
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

the real world except perhaps as an ideal of what democratic politics is about. It assumes that politics cannot function except in a liberal democratic context. It thus excludes not only dictatorships and other autocracies but also even the political life of actual democracies where strikes, pressures of all kinds, even perhaps including terrorism, influence events as much as dispassionate dialogues. It is difficult, for instance, to

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Open Access (free)
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

Parliament voted to introduce a ban on hunting with dogs. The Scottish decision will have an impact on the anti-hunting campaign in England and Wales. Animal rights campaigning uses every form of political action, from protesting and attempting to lobby government to terrorism. Some animal rights campaigners have sought to work within organisations such as the National Trust and the RSPCA to bring about change

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Anu Koivunen, Katariina Kyrölä and Ingrid Ryberg

the broad contemporary Western concerns about the fate of humankind in the midst of economic polarisation and insecurity, global terrorism, the rise of right-​ wing nationalism, fast technological development, artificial intelligence, the mass extinction of species, climate change, and the Anthropocene (Haraway, 2016). This general sense of being/​becoming vulnerable is amplified by social media, for instance by the Facebook safety check on occasion of various attacks, emergencies, and disasters, which is critiqued for its Western bias (McHugh, 2015). Such broad

in The power of vulnerability
Open Access (free)
Cas Mudde

left-wing) terrorism, which is embedded in the official German state policy of streitbare Demokratie (militant democracy). According to the party terrorism is caused in part by the ‘general lack of legal security and community spirit’ (REP 1987: 15). Crime always received a lot of attention in the party paper, although over time it became more and more a secondary theme, featuring in articles that dealt primarily with foreigners, asylum seekers or with (critique on) the established parties. In the 1990s the party shifted its focus to a new group, the non

in The ideology of the extreme right
Open Access (free)
Partial offsets and unfinished business
Dimitris N. Chryssochoou, Michael J. Tsinisizelis, Stelios Stavridis and Kostas Ifantis

. Six new articles (Arts K1, K2, K3, K4, K7, K10) are inserted in the Title in order to ‘provide citizens of the Union with a high level of safety within an area of Freedom, Security and Justice’. Art. K1 stipulates that, in order The Amsterdam reforms 91 to attain the above objectives, measures should be introduced for the prevention and combating of organised crime, terrorism, arms- and drug-trafficking, offences against children, corruption and fraud. For these reasons, closer cooperation between judicial authorities, police forces, customs authorities and other

in Theory and reform in the European Union
Current policy options and issues
Jenny H. Peterson

and money laundering and thus currently contribute to the transformation of war economies through the tracking and investigation of illegal financial transactions (Winer, 2005; Winer and Roule, 2003). Multiple international security bodies are also involved in the tracking and investigation of the illicit side of war economies. Many of these bodies have been set up to deal specifically with the global drug trade, transnational organised crime or global terrorism, but due to the connections between these activities and many war economies, have been or could

in Building a peace economy?
Ami Pedahzur

’, Ethnic and Racial Studies, 21:6 (1998), pp. 1096–115. 6 Sheri Berman, ‘Civil Society and the Collapse of the Weimar Republic’, World Politics, 49:3 (1997), pp. 401–29. 7 William, L. Eubank and Leonard Weinberg, ‘Terrorism and Democracy within One Country: The Case of Italy’, Terrorism and Political Violence, 9:1 (1997), pp. 98–108. 8 Michael W. Foley and Bob Edwards, ‘Escape from Politics: Social Theory and the Social Capital debate’, American Behavioral Scientist, 42 (1998), pp. 550

in The Israeli response to Jewish extremism and violence
P. Terrence Hopmann

supposed to deal with issues involving persons belonging to national minorities, he is not permitted to deal with groups practising terrorism, and he is only supposed to deal with conflicts that have the potential to affect interstate relations or regional security. Although the HCNM reports regularly to the Permanent Council, he does not receive instructions from it (unlike the CPC and the missions and field activities which it coordinates), and he is free to respond according to his own judgement whenever he believes it to be appropriate. Under van der Stoel

in Limiting institutions?
Open Access (free)
The emergence of a new major actor in the European arena
Felipe Basabe Lloréns

-operation against terrorism and drug trafficking.15 The Ministries of Home Affairs and Justice, traditionally resistant to international co-operation, have developed a new dynamic approach to these issues and even held leading positions and presented initiatives on a European scale in this field. Spain’s activity within the CFSP has been less relevant, concentrating its efforts on relationships with the Mediterranean countries and Latin America. Finally, Spain played an important role in both the 1990–91 and 1996–9716 IGCs, where it showed its interest in institutional issues

in Fifteen into one?