Legality and legitimacy

four Allied occupation zones under Control Council Law No. 10, which allowed each occupying authority to carry out trials of persons held in its custody. Individual states that held war crimes trials in Europe and in Asia included the US,9 the UK,10 Australia, Nationalist China, France, Greece, the Netherlands, Poland, and the USSR.11 Since the 1940s, war crimes trials have been spasmodic at the national level but in the 1980s and 1990s there was a resurgence of prosecutions in Australia,12 Canada,13 and a number of European states.14 The passage of more than half a

in Domestic and international trials, 1700–2000
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vaccine in New Zealand 1955–1960’, Health & History: Journal of the Australian & New Zealand Society for the History of Medicine , 11:2 (2009), 42–61; Per Axelsson, ‘The Cutter Incident and the development of a Swedish polio vaccine, 1952–1957’, Dynamis , 32:2 (2012), 311–28. 21 Virginia Berridge, ‘Using history in policy and practice’, in Virginia Berridge, Martin Gorsky and Alex Mold, Public Health in History (Maidenhead: Open University Press, 2011), p. 215. 22 Dorothy Porter and Roy Porter, ‘The politics of

in Vaccinating Britain

. (Eds), Rethinking methods in Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 36: psychology. London: Sage, pp. 27-49. 717-732. Glaser, B. G. (1978) Theoretical sensitivity. California, The Sociology Press. 118 BEE (RESEARCH) PRINT.indd 118 11/05/2018 16:16

in A research handbook for patient and public involvement researchers
Effective support structures for community– university partnerships

, accountability and continuous improvement. Developing-country economies and politics are increasingly influenced by the new economic powers of China, India, Brazil and other emerging nations. The West must, in a very real sense, regroup and reposition itself in this new economic order. Accordingly, the donor agencies, foundations, NGOs and universities of North America, Europe, Japan and Australia could play an important role in funding these new structures. Indeed, this new role could give them renewed influence as poor countries strive to progress. Such renewed influence by

in Knowledge, democracy and action

continued to send us its daily diet, which, for all the developments in life and film-making, seemed more familiar than any other and still gave the screens a high percentage of their protein. From the rest of the world new arrivals meant new riches: they came in from India and Japan, Scandinavia and Australia, from Czechoslovakia and Poland and the USSR, South America and the Middle East and other places here and there, and

in British cinema of the 1950s
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, with its high proportion of 2-year-old racers, largely bred for speed at the expense of stamina. English breeders almost never imported mares or stallions for breeding purposes, whilst exporting some of their best stock. One result of this was that between the wars foreign horses began to achieve an E 184 Horseracing and the British, 1919–39 increasing proportion of successes in those British races requiring more stamina. New strains of outstanding prepotence were being established in France, America, Italy, Australia and South America. There were, for example

in Horseracing and the British 1919–39
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a while. Cricket builds that because you go all over the world and you get to meet people. People that you haven’t seen for X amount of years, but you remember.” When I mentioned that I was studying Caribbean culture and cricket, the locals said: “If you want to see a carnival you shoulda been here two weeks ago for the Australian High Commission versus Barbados High Commission game.” “There was one

in Sport in the Black Atlantic
The victims' struggle for recognition and recurring genocide memories in Namibia

, Neville Melvin Gertze, met with the rector of the Albert-​ Ludwigs-​ Universität Freiburg, Hans-​ Jochen Schiewer, and the head of the university’s anthropology department, Ursul Wittwer-​Backofen, to discuss the likely existence of remains at the institution. At that time, a repatriation project concerning Australian Aboriginal remains within the collection was already under way. As a result of the meeting, a similar project was designed and research began in October 2010.16 At the same time as scientific investigations to determine the existence of the Herero and Nama

in Human remains in society
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Deaths at sea and unidentified bodies in Lesbos

unsystematic burial of migrants. A member of a local civil society group told us of a relative of a migrant who died on the neighbouring island of Chios. Although he had travelled from Australia and had spent a fortune trying to trace and identify his dead relative, the gravedigger could not remember the precise burial spot, and no systematic data was stored as to which body was buried where. Once a tractor started digging, it became clear that he was buried in a mass grave along with other victims, making identification impossible. The reaction of the islanders to migrant

in Migrating borders and moving times
Colonialism and Native Health nursing in New Zealand, 1900–40

, p. 71; AJHR (1908), H-31, p. 122.  9 L. Bryder, ‘Tuberculosis and the Maori’, in P. Winterton and D. Gurry (eds), The Impact of the Past upon the Present:  Second National Conference of the Australian Society of the History of Medicine, Perth, 1991 (Perth: Australian Society of the History of Medicine, 1992), pp. 191–4. 10 A. Day, ‘ “Chastising its People with Scorpions”: Maori and the 1913 smallpox epidemic’, New Zealand Journal of History, 33:2 (1999), 180–99. 11 G. W. Rice, Black November: The 1918 Influenza Pandemic in New Zealand (Christchurch

in Colonial caring