four Allied occupation zones under Control Council Law No. 10, which
allowed each occupying authority to carry out trials of persons held in its
custody. Individual states that held war crimes trials in Europe and in Asia
included the US,9 the UK,10 Australia, Nationalist China, France, Greece, the
Netherlands, Poland, and the USSR.11 Since the 1940s, war crimes trials have
been spasmodic at the national level but in the 1980s and 1990s there was
a resurgence of prosecutions in Australia,12 Canada,13 and a number of European states.14 The passage of more than half a
vaccine in New Zealand 1955–1960’, Health & History: Journal of the Australian & New Zealand Society for the History of Medicine , 11:2 (2009), 42–61; Per Axelsson, ‘The Cutter Incident and the development of a Swedish polio vaccine, 1952–1957’, Dynamis , 32:2 (2012), 311–28.
21 Virginia Berridge, ‘Using history in policy and practice’, in Virginia Berridge, Martin Gorsky and Alex Mold, Public Health in History (Maidenhead: Open University Press, 2011), p. 215.
22 Dorothy Porter and Roy Porter, ‘The politics of
. (Eds), Rethinking methods in
Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 36:
psychology. London: Sage, pp. 27-49.
Glaser, B. G. (1978) Theoretical sensitivity. California,
The Sociology Press.
BEE (RESEARCH) PRINT.indd 118
Effective support structures for community– university partnerships
Edward T. Jackson, Letlotlo M. Gariba and Evren Tok
, accountability and continuous improvement.
Developing-country economies and politics are increasingly influenced by the
new economic powers of China, India, Brazil and other emerging nations. The
West must, in a very real sense, regroup and reposition itself in this new economic
order. Accordingly, the donor agencies, foundations, NGOs and universities of
North America, Europe, Japan and Australia could play an important role in
funding these new structures. Indeed, this new role could give them renewed
influence as poor countries strive to progress. Such renewed influence by
continued to send us its daily diet, which, for all the developments in
life and film-making, seemed more familiar than any other and still gave
the screens a high percentage of their protein. From the rest of the
world new arrivals meant new riches: they came in from India and Japan,
Scandinavia and Australia, from Czechoslovakia and Poland and the USSR,
South America and the Middle East and other places here and there, and
, with its high proportion of 2-year-old racers, largely bred for speed at
the expense of stamina. English breeders almost never imported mares or stallions for breeding purposes, whilst exporting some of their best stock. One
result of this was that between the wars foreign horses began to achieve an
Horseracing and the British, 1919–39
increasing proportion of successes in those British races requiring more
stamina. New strains of outstanding prepotence were being established in
France, America, Italy, Australia and South America. There were, for example
a while. Cricket builds that because you go all over the world
and you get to meet people. People that you haven’t seen for X
amount of years, but you remember.”
When I mentioned that I was studying Caribbean culture and
cricket, the locals said: “If you want to see a carnival you
shoulda been here two weeks ago for the Australian High Commission
versus Barbados High Commission game.” “There was one
The victims' struggle for recognition and recurring genocide memories in Namibia
Vilho Amukwaya Shigwedha
, Neville Melvin Gertze, met with the rector of
Universität Freiburg, Hans-
and the head of the university’s anthropology department, Ursul
Wittwer-Backofen, to discuss the likely existence of remains at the
institution. At that time, a repatriation project concerning Australian
Aboriginal remains within the collection was already under way. As
a result of the meeting, a similar project was designed and research
began in October 2010.16
At the same time as scientific investigations to determine the
existence of the Herero and Nama
unsystematic burial of migrants. A member of a local civil society group told us of a relative of a migrant who died on the neighbouring island of
Chios. Although he had travelled from Australia and had spent a fortune trying to
trace and identify his dead relative, the gravedigger could not remember the precise
burial spot, and no systematic data was stored as to which body was buried where.
Once a tractor started digging, it became clear that he was buried in a mass grave
along with other victims, making identification impossible.
The reaction of the islanders to migrant
Colonialism and Native Health nursing in New Zealand, 1900–40
, p. 71; AJHR (1908), H-31,
9 L. Bryder, ‘Tuberculosis and the Maori’, in P. Winterton and D. Gurry (eds),
The Impact of the Past upon the Present: Second National Conference of the
Australian Society of the History of Medicine, Perth, 1991 (Perth: Australian
Society of the History of Medicine, 1992), pp. 191–4.
10 A. Day, ‘ “Chastising its People with Scorpions”: Maori and the 1913 smallpox
epidemic’, New Zealand Journal of History, 33:2 (1999), 180–99.
11 G. W. Rice, Black November: The 1918 Influenza Pandemic in New Zealand