occurred at the same time that settler colonialism and Atlantic slavery began, and European trading companies (not only the best known, like the British and Dutch East India Companies, but also those as short-lived as Courland's (Dzenovska 2013 )) were expanding colonial power, a comparative history of empire might ask how far Habsburg or Ottoman imperialisms were informed by the notions fuelling Spanish, Portuguese, British, French, Dutch, Danish or Swedish colonial power overseas. Such questions, essential for decolonial longue-durée perspectives on south-east Europe

in Race and the Yugoslav region
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actively blocked. Migrants were economic agents, whether as labourers, consumers or traders. Bearing and exchanging goods, however conceived, involved exchanging values, especially when exchanges have been in inter-​cultural contexts. The impact of early modern trade can be no less evident than in the example of inter-​ continental dispersion and circulation of species of flora and fauna stimulated by colonialism. But, then again the length and strength of the chains of connection that finance lubricated –​even before the rise of Italian banking –​is surprising

in Debating civilisations
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Entanglements and ambiguities

that from the 1940s to the 1970s transformations within ethnography were influenced by processes of counter-colonialism, decolonization, and other struggles against imperialism and racism. This context shaped emergent critiques of reigning paradigms within the discipline. 44 Here was an interchange between the autonomy and logic governing continuities and changes within disciplinary traditions

in Subjects of modernity
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mythologies of Indian culture. As Parama Roy puts it: There is an ongoing and strenuous endeavour in the discourse of thuggee to interpellate the thug as an essence, a move which attests to the anxiety of rupture that subtends the totalizing epistemologies of colonialism. Yet the thug as discursive object is strikingly resistant to such

in The other empire
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, in contrast to the religiously mixed but predominantly Muslim Indonesians. This Catholicism reflects in part the bequest of Portuguese colonialism, but more potently stands as a rejection of an Indonesian identity. It is sometimes suggested that the period of Portuguese rule was one of benign neglect. The neglect is indisputable – little effort at development or the provision of services was made until the 1950s. By 1973 the illiteracy rate of the East Timorese was estimated at 93 per cent, and infant mortality in the 1950s (1960s’ and 1970s

in Human rights and the borders of suffering
Britishness, respectability, and imperial citizenship

brash proponent of such an outlook, argues for the modernising legacy of the British Empire against those who identify instead the ‘racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia, and related intolerance’, all of which, he argues, ‘existed long before colonialism’. 23 British governance, Ferguson believes, brought great benefits, including ‘the English language’, ‘representative assemblies’, ‘the triumph

in Royal tourists, colonial subjects and the making of a British world, 1860–1911

and Mike. The language of human rights is a potent discourse in the Global North, not only for straight couples but increasingly for marginalised groups fighting legal discrimination, such as LGBTQ people, disabled people, and single parents. The notion of reproductive rights as a matter of individual choice has been heavily criticised in black and postcolonial feminism, by some deemed to constitute a new form of discursive colonialism (Bailey, 2011; Mohanty, 2003), which negates the ways in which socio-​economic contexts and geopolitical locations shape women

in The power of vulnerability
Cinema, news media and perception management of the Gaza conflicts

, ‘ Colonialism, Racism, Representation: An Introduction ’, in B. Nichols (ed.), Movies and Methods , vol. 2 ( Berkeley : University of California Press , 1985 ), p. 637 . 44 D. Aaronovitch , ‘ Why The Honourable Woman is the Year’s Most Important Drama ’, The Times (7 August 2014 ), www

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
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West Indian intellectual

brooding over some terrible, unforgettable, wrong’ was the ‘terror of [her] life’; as if to punish the white child for the cruelties of colonialism she terrorises her with tales of soucriants, loups-garoux and zombies, introducing her to ‘a world of fear and distrust’, the ‘terrified consciousness’ which Ramchand identifies as central to the colonial subjectivity. 72 Rhys describes another black servant

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain
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decay he attributes to the proletarianisation that is at its most visible in the metropolis. It is perhaps for him an unmanageably diffuse area for fictional scrutiny. His most compelling meditation on decay is The Enigma of Arrival , a novel which Frank Kermode notes ‘is set in a part of rural England that doesn’t count racism or colonialism among its most pressing problems’. 68 As well as

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain