Open Access (free)
An introduction

great narratives of modernity: from the time of its autonomy through art-for-art’s-sake to its status as a necessary negative category, a critique of the world as it is. It is this last moment (figured brilliantly in the writings of Theodor Adorno) that is hard to relinquish: the notion of the aesthetic as subversive, a critical interstice in an otherwise instrumental world. Now, however, we have to consider that this aesthetic space too is eclipsed . . .13 Foster’s caricature of aesthetic autonomy aside, one needs to ask precisely what might be at stake in his

in The new aestheticism
The origins and endurance of club regulation

more on smoothing relations between practitioners in order to forestall professional conflict. Percival’s code is notable for introducing the term ‘medical ethics’, but it is perhaps more significant in another respect.16 In order to restrict the power of lay hospital governors, who physicians believed were interfering in running the Manchester Infirmary, Percival’s Medical Ethics stressed the collective autonomy of medical practitioners and the need for ‘collaborative self-regulation’.17 To Percival, ‘medical ethics’ denoted a set of professional, not public

in The making of British bioethics
A national ethics committee and bioethics during the 1990s

in a series of lectures at the University of Edinburgh, which were published in 2002 as Autonomy and Trust in Bioethics. She claimed here that: Although the decades since the beginning of contemporary ­bioethics  have seen a lot of effort to improve the trustworthiness of public institutions and of experts, culminating in the UK in the additional demands for accountability, audit and openness of the 1990s, this is quite compatible with a decline in public trust, and specifically with a decline of public trust in medicine, science and biotechnology.173 O

in The making of British bioethics
Open Access (free)

. Still, above all else, Turkey opposes any form of ethnic expression reflecting Kurdish nationalism or inclinations towards autonomy, within Turkey or beyond its borders. Any expression of Kurdish separatism outside Turkey was bound to stir up the millions of Kurds living within its borders – 12 million or more, out of a population of close to 65 million. As a result of guerrilla and terror campaigns launched since 1984 by the Kurdish Workers Party (the PKK) against the Turkish authorities and Turkish civilians, the government of then Prime

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
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federal arrangement – as one mechanism for managing questions of regional diversity and local autonomy – emerging in the archipelago (Reeve 1996: 151). Survival of and resistance to Dutch colonisers and Japanese invaders, and the final fight for independence against the Dutch forces, became the basis of a powerful legacy and symbolism of respect, even reverence, for the Indonesian nation and nationalism. Mirroring this reverence, however, and growing from the same roots, was a deep unease about the fragility of the Indonesian State and the loyalty of the outer islands

in Human rights and the borders of suffering
Explaining foreign policy variation

the hallmarks of statehood – territorial demarcation and internal security – in return for eschewing Wahhabim’s universalistic Islamic mission. To minimise his consequent dependency, Ibn Saud sought to play off his British and American benefactors. But the Saudi state was, from the outset, secure enough in its Islamic identity and autonomy to pursue close mutually beneficial relations with the West (Bromley 1994: 142–7; Salame 1989). Saudi Arabia’s main vulnerability was a function of its large sparsely settled territory, with long, difficult

in The international politics of the Middle East

Bosman whereas other actors such as sports bodies are keen to challenge the ruling. In addition, the Parliament wants to root sport within the Treaty as a way of underpinning EU action in the social and cultural aspects of sport, whereas the desire of sports organisations for sport to have Treaty status is a tactic to limit EU involvement in sport and thus safeguard the autonomy of sport. The second requirement for the re-definition of sport is the ability to operate successfully in numerous institutional venues. As indicated in Chapter 3, this condition is broadly met

in Sports law and policy in the European Union

began pushing for increased autonomy from the federal centre. In what became known as Maspok, activists demanded increased national rights within the federation. They cited the fact that Croats were under-represented in their own republic, since Serbs, who constituted roughly 13 per cent of the population, held 40 per cent of the Party posts, and a higher percentage of posts in the police, the secret police, and the JNA. Other contentious issues included the official figures for the number of Serbian war dead during the Second World War, the alleged economic

in Balkan holocausts?
Crafting authoritarian regimes in Russia’s regions and republics

shield in their quest to consolidate their various brands of authoritarianism. Moreover, the greater the degree of autonomy given to a federal subject in Russia the greater the degree of authoritarianism we find. Below we discuss the various ways in which presidents and governors have been able to gain a dominant control over their political systems. In particular, we examine the way in which leaders of the ethnic republics have been able to maintain power by manipulating the electoral system. Sartori has described the electoral system as the most specific manipulative

in Federalism and democratisation in Russia
Structures and spaces

commitments, usually not backed by realistic resource allocations. This has meant that NWMs and many women’s non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have turned to international donor agencies for funding. But the reliance on donor funding has also proved to be a double-edged sword. The objectives of international donors may conflict with the objectives of the recipients, in this case bureaucracies that receive funding for gender-related projects. While the donors attempt to ensure appropriate performance, the recipients wish to maximize their autonomy and resources

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?