A comparative analysis

cyclical pattern. Balfour was poorest in this respect (perhaps even more over the Lords in 1910–11 than over tariffs in 1906–10) whilst Baldwin was effective in 1924 but faltered in 1929–30. Heath’s personal certainty did not transfer to his followers in 1967– 70, but Thatcher was more populist and attuned to the media in 1975–79. On this criteria, the most successful leaders were Churchill in 1945–51, due more to prestige and charisma than to action or substance, and Bonar Law in 1912–14, when his partisan and abrasive methods appealed to the party much more than to the

in The Conservatives in Crisis
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The Debt–Growth–Inequality Nexus

Financial Times (2009) spelled out in its “survival plan for global capitalism,” There is one certainty. While recessions are inevitable, deep depressions or slumps—or whatever you call them—are neither necessary nor welcome. They destroy wealth, sap happiness and crush old certainties. What is more, increasing poverty is a grave threat to world stability and democracy. Revolutions often start as bread riots, and economicallystagnant countries make belligerent neighbours. Growth must be restarted. Regardless of the origins of the need for perpetual growth and the

in Debt as Power
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The state of surprise

‘somewhat disreputable’ and eccentric approach that extrapolated too much from very limited available information. Its advocates appeared to speak ‘absolute certainties on the basis of cloudy figures swirling in [their] crystal balls, sometimes going beyond what the evidence could stand and offering assertions instead of knowledge. It was thus considered by

in The new politics of Russia
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. This was the reality that all markets – in products, commodities, labour and finance – were becoming increasingly global. The effects of globalisation are yet to be fully revealed, but some certainties have already emerged. In order to survive in world markets it has become clear that Britain will have to develop a number of economic qualities. Among them are a well educated, trained and flexible workforce, management which The economy 5 is geared to world-wide competition, a willingness to respond to intense competition, higher levels of capital investment

in Understanding British and European political issues
The discourse of spirits in Enlightenment Bristol

involved told Dyer that the affair was also being ridiculed in a London paper. On 20 February Felix Farley’s Bristol Journal carried two more pieces, the first continuing the attack, though from a different angle, while the second letter, ‘Some Seasonable Queries relating to the Affair without Lawford’s Gate’ offered the first public defence of those involved in the case. The title and tone of this piece is significant, implying a cautious response to the intemperate certainties of the previous letters, and this is indeed the theme of the letter, which focuses on the

in Beyond the witch trials
The idioms and risks of defiance in the trial of Margaretha Horn, 1652

part of Margaretha Horn was a new development in the witch-trials that occurred in Rothenburg: it also happened, although to a less detailed degree, in the case of Catharina Leimbach, the blacksmith’s wife from Wettringen, whose trial for the alleged bewitchment of eight-year-old Barbara Schürz began on 30 August and ended with her release from custody on 5 October 1652.54 It is, of course, impossible to claim with certainty that Margaretha and Catharina were qualitatively more ‘defiant’ than any of the women who had been tried for witchcraft in Rothenburg in the

in Witchcraft narratives in Germany
The ends of incompletion

the interactive relationship between audience and performance described by Greenblatt, as Euphues’s image of Elizabeth is ‘begun for others to end’, stimulating the audience to ‘make up the difference’ in desiring to see the ‘end’ of the work. At the same time, Euphues’s announcement of the production of a work which may or may not be finished cancels any certainty of arrival at a moment of completion

in Making and unmaking in early modern English drama
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Theory and Spenserian practice

_Hile_SpenserSatire_Printer.indd 21 14/10/2016 15:35 22 Spenserian satire Edmund Spenser’s War, 163). Although we can thus with some certainty identify the Fox as Burghley, we nevertheless do not know the source of Spenser’s animus against him; Andrew Hadfield outlines a number of possibilities before concluding that “we shall probably never know for certain why Spenser singled out Burghley as the representative of all that was wrong with court life” (Hadfield, A Life, 275). Certainly the volume as a whole indicates Spenser’s confidence and willingness to provoke controversy, as Hadfield notes

in Spenserian satire
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The beginning of aesthetic theory and the end of art

sense data are an immediate, non-inferential foundation of certainty which are the ultimate court of appeal in epistemological matters. What causes the real trouble in interpreting claims of the Logic is the relationship between the Phenomenology’s closely argued and historically based account of the genesis of the essential modes of thinking through the working out of contradictions in the historical forms of thought in society, and the Logic’s use of a similar method which does not refer to history as such and makes such claims as the one just cited.5 It is not

in Aesthetics and subjectivity

exhaust what human beings really are. While the New Atlantis points to the impossibility of miracles, or at least to the impossibility of ever proving that they are real, nothing in the story allows us to say with certainty that miracles do not exist. Despite what the Bensalemites seem to think, science simply cannot settle the matter: while it cannot prove the existence of miracles, neither can it demonstrate their impossibility. It Price_06_Ch6 116 14/10/02, 9:41 am On the miracles 117 cannot establish, for example, that an explainable event might not, in fact

in Francis Bacon’s New Atlantis