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Welcome to the Celtic Tiger

Racism, immigration and the state

Steve Loyal

, migrant workers, some working in the black economy or illegally, were increasingly taking their places. The economic boom not only led to more women entering employment and thereby creating work for foreign childminders but, in addition, saw the aspirations of indigenous workers rise, so that it became increasingly difficult to fill ‘3-D’ jobs (jobs that are dirty, difficult and dangerous).32 Another area in the skilled sector in which demand for workers has remained high, especially given its unsuitability for mechanisation, is the health service. The health sector has

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Katie Pickles

nurturing and domestic matters, women of the upper classes throughout the Western world busied themselves with philanthropic activities. Sometimes benevolent activities were organized in women-only clubs, that were in the main infused with first-wave feminist concerns of health and welfare for women and children. Other women’s groups were branches of empire-wide organizations that were underpinned by Christianity and

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Neil McNaughton

environmentalists have sought action are genetically modified foods, coastal waters and river quality, species conservation, emissions and nuclear safety. As with unions the main environmental pressure groups are now European (as well as global) in their organisations. Business groups in Britain have been largely in favour of membership, greater integration and the single currency. The creation of the single market has created new opportunities and reduced costs in general. However, the European Union has also brought many new regulations over such features as employment, health

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The US Republicans

Lessons for the Conservatives?

Edward Ashbee

’, Weekly Standard, 7:1, 19 November 2001. 26 W. Kristol and R. Kagan, ‘Introduction: national interest and global responsibility’, 48 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 Edward Ashbee in R. Kagan and W. Kristol (eds), Present Dangers: Crisis and Opportunity in American Foreign and Defense Policy (San Francisco, Encounter Books, 2000), pp. 12–14. F. Foer, ‘Great escape: how Bill Kristol ditched conservatism’, New Republic, 28 May 2001. P. Beinart, ‘Republican heartthrobs’, New Republic, 28 December 1998, p. 28. Beinart

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The political morality of food

Discourses, contestation and alternative consumption

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Roberta Sassatelli

environmental and labour issues, and to threats to human health such as E.coli and BSE which are prompted by the minimisation of costs logic of the fast-food industry. The BSE crisis in particular has indeed been incorporated into the wider campaign against McDonald’s. In Italy, for example, there was a ‘Boycott Day’ following the discovery of a case of BSE among cattle raised by McDonald’s itself. To broaden its reach and penetrate new sections of the public, the campaign’s organisers can therefore count on a most sensational theme. This is then articulated through the usual

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Amikam Nachmani

seemed to have weathered the global crisis well: although in 1998 the growth rate decreased in comparison with previous years, its economy grew 3.8 percent in real terms. In the same year Turkey’s GNP increased by 6.33 percent, rising from 192.4 billion dollars in 1997 to 204.59 billion. The country’s GDP rose by 5.55 percent, from 188.75 billion dollars in 1997, to 192.23 billion in 1998, and per capita income rose from 3,080 dollar to 3,224 dollars. Yet, again, although the GNP increased in 1998 by 6.33 percent, the per capita income increased by only 4.68 percent

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Waging a war on pests

Golf comes to America

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Brad Millington and Brian Wilson

fighting pest-borne diseases. For example, the World Health Organization claimed that their Global Malaria Eradication Campaign, started in 1955, had saved five million lives and had rescued millions of others from malaria’s effects (this despite its inability to eliminate malaria-bearing mosquitoes and the emergence of pesticide-resistant insects – see Kinkela, 2005 : 160). From this perspective, the question was whether it was fair for ‘developed’ countries to privilege environmental responsibility when human

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Geir Hønneland and Anne-Kristin Jørgensen

consequences would be relatively low (Bergman 1997). Radiological hazards associated with the nuclear complex The principal radiological hazards to the region as well as to areas beyond it are posed not by previous activities but by potential future accidents or incidents. The risks posed by a release of radioactive substances to the life and health of humans fall into two main categories, depending on the distance to the site where the accident or incident takes place. Persons at or near the site will probably be in acute danger from intense radiation, as well as from other

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The corporate karma carnival

Offline and online games, branding and humanitarianism at the Roskilde Festival

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Lene Bull Christiansen and Mette Fog Olwig

. Roskilde Festival is the largest North European culture and music festival and is held each summer in the outskirts of the city of Roskilde, which is ca. 30km from the capital city of Denmark, Copenhagen. The festival prides itself on its non-profit status and its commitment to sustainability and global solidarity. In this chapter we focus on Hummel, one of the festival’s many corporate sponsors and a

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Nicholas Atkin

and blue lines of ledger books. It is fortunate that those charged with looking after refugees – principally officials belonging to French Welfare, the Ministries of Health and Information, the volunteers of the Women’s Voluntary Service (WVS) and Mass-Observation – frequently recorded interviews with those they met, and kept detailed records of refugee life. Such observations monitor the initial despondency felt by many arrivals in May–June 1940 and something of their expectations as the war drew to a close. There was a cruel irony in the events of summer 1944