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effect on the trajectory of Sino-American competition in Central Asia. The subsequent American retaliation on the Taliban and al-Qaeda in Afghanistan generated the not unwelcomed externality of expanding the American sphere of influence in the region. American military operations required the acquisition of military basing rights, and the United States was able to deploy and base its troops along Afghanistan’s perimeter in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Kyrgyzstan in exchange for considerable sums of humanitarian aid and economic assistance. The basing of American forces

in Limiting institutions?
Open Access (free)
Global Britishness and settler cultures in South Africa and New Zealand

subjects at home and in the empire, both projects represented the progress and development of an expanding British world. Cape Town newspaper writers and colonial officials celebrated this day as one of the most important in all the history of South Africa. It was a historic day, they would suggest, a day when the Cape Colony began to transform from a backwater of the British Empire to an important depot of commerce

in Royal tourists, colonial subjects and the making of a British world, 1860–1911
Open Access (free)
Back to the future

history, ephemerality and mobility offer useful entry points into a nuanced discussion about everyday temporality, precisely because of the complex questions they pose for mapping. On the one hand, fleeting encounters and irretrievable processes engage mapping as an iterative and temporary practice, that works in both performative and representational ways, and which builds and dissolves according to heterogeneous modalities. On the other hand, mapping ‘products’ frequently retain a longevity across multiple and ephemeral platforms – such as OpenStreetMap, Google Street

in Time for mapping
A conceptual framework for considering mapping projects as they change over time

archival research and participant observation, a range of mapping projects have been analysed (see Table 9.1 below). Employing a methodology inspired by the bubble/foam metaphor, for each of these examples might usefully deploy questions documented in Table 9.2. Table 9.1  Archival mapping sources used by author for analysis Mapping project Source Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team (2013) VISOV (Volontaires internationaux en soutien aux opérations virtuelles)/ Ushahidi Crowdmap (2013) University of Heidelberg/Ushahidi (2013) StandbyTaskforce/GIS Corps/ESRI (2013) https

in Time for mapping
Rousseau’s and nationalism

4 A civic profession of faith: Rousseau’s and nationalism When Heinrich Heine, the German poet, visited Italy in 1828 he noted in his diary: It is as if World History is seeking to become spiritual … she has a great task. What it is? It is emancipation. Not just the emancipation of the Irish, the Greeks, the Jews and the Blacks of the West Indies. No, the emancipation of the whole world, especially in Europe, where the peoples have reached maturity. (Heine quoted in Gell 1998: 13) In seeking national self-determination Heine was preaching a new doctrine, one

in The political philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Subaltern Resistance in World History (New York: Berghahn Books, 2008), pp. 162–80 Stover, E., W. D. Haglund & M. Samuels, ‘Exhumation of mass graves in Iraq: considerations for forensic investigations, humanitarian needs, and the demands of justice’, Journal of the American Medical Association, 290:5 (2003), pp. 663–6 Taylor, C., A Secular Age (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2007) Wicksteed, P. H., The Common Sense of Political Economy (London: Macmillan, 1910) Wiener, N., ‘Newtonian and Bergsonian time’, in Cybernetics: Or Control and Communication in the Animal

in Human remains and mass violence

country. Her Boston committee’s offer of her services to Britain was made ‘in the hope that it may be this nurse’s high fortune to serve not only the Allies’ heroic wounded but their prisoners’.59 Fitzgerald’s work with the BEF was, from the first, affected by the ambivalence of her position. Although the humanitarian nature of her work, and the strong similarities between British and American nursing techniques and training, gave her much in common with her British colleagues, her political neutrality, combined with her age (forty-two at the time of her departure for

in Nurse Writers of the Great War

12 The power of individuals and the dependency of nations in global eradication and immunisation campaigns William Muraskin At one time historians emphasised the ‘Great Man in History’ concept. That idea was later pushed aside by the realisation that larger, more important forces were at work. The individual's importance shrank as the role of massively expanded governments, multi

in The politics of vaccination
Language, education and the Catholic Church

has been no generally accepted and widely used Croatian standard language in recent history. Thus the central issue considered here is the claim to an ancient linguistic heritage that was distinct from Serbian, and attempts to establish a new Croatian standard language in the 1990s, which provoked opposition from those who spoke regional dialects and from linguists who claimed that pure Croatian standard languages have little to do with the contemporary vernacular. Dalibor Brozoviç insisted that it was possible to define the Croatian standard language as ‘an

in The formation of Croatian national identity

foregrounding many of that tradition’s most significant assumptions and he employs them in a particularly lucid manner. ITLP_C09.QXD 18/8/03 10:00 am Page 135 Steven Fielding and Declan McHugh 135 It should nonetheless be borne in mind that the social democratic view of the party, like all others, has not stood still. Thus, The Progressive Dilemma was the product of a particular moment – after the collapse of the Social Democratic Party (SDP) in the late 1980s but before Blair assumed the Labour leadership in 1994 – in the history of British social democracy. Therefore

in Interpreting the Labour Party