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or Schoenberg – to being virtually the only source of non-deluded insight into a ‘reified’ reality. This, of course, makes the status of his own theoretical claims problematic: do the artworks need his philosophy, or is it vice versa? Now the difficulties in Adorno are of a quite specific nature, stemming from his totalising verdict on the effects of commodification on modern culture. This verdict leads to the idea of a world where repressive identification, the reduction of things to the ways they can be manipulated for human purposes that is most obviously present

in The new aestheticism
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homogeneous products at different prices to the market. Quality differentiation, including semiotic and presentational differentiation, however, immediately creates heterogeneity and monopoly market conditions, where informational comparability becomes problematical. This becomes even more so in normative technology approaches, where consumers are faced with a ‘make or buy’ decision for food services – cooking, presentation, delivery, and so on (Becker 1965; Stigler and Becker 1977). These approaches share the assumption that self-provisioning and commodity provisioning are

in Qualities of food

change is that it was above all a polemical tool, and one with no defined content or manner of application. As such, its use was often indiscriminate and ad hoc; it could be utilized by anyone in almost any circumstance and cannot be, in itself, termed a sufficient guide to the identification of religious radicalism. Where links between Christianity and enlightened thinking have been explored, they have most often been based upon precocious elements of elite theological discourse, rather than upon more common-or-garden or overtly sectarian polemics. Precocious

in The Enlightenment and religion
Aspirations to non-racism

. Understanding how we ‘do’ ‘race’ – not least through representations of racialised excess disseminated through global media technologies – may equip us with strategies and techniques to ‘undo’ it by ‘revealing the racialized body as a highly dubious zone upon which to anchor difference’. A post-‘race’ attitude, he concludes, ‘makes evident that our bodies are thoroughly unreliable sources of “race truth”’ (2006: 423). This echoes Gilroy’s (2000: 43) argument that new technologies of spectral imaging of the body demonstrate the internal similarity (as opposed to external

in Loud and proud
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Purchasing, consumption and innovation

who consume ... and consumption is ... what consumers do. To overcome this, a series of ill defined and effectively ad hoc qualifications are offered, such as the ‘ultimate consumer’ defined as ‘organisms which buy not in order to sell again, but in order to consume and enjoy; families and orphanages fall into this class’ (p. 17). One page later this is expanded to ‘Every individual who has to spend money in the purchase of commodities for consumption is an ultimate consumer’ (p. 18). This identification of an economic process with an economic actor causes

in Innovation by demand
A trialogue

experiment with more dynamic mapping forms, including animations, a trend continued in the publication of ‘Smellmap: Pamplona’ in 2014. A central concern of her work is increasingly how to mediate the volatile urban smellscape in a mapping format that reflects human subjectivity, the ephemerality of smell and the uniqueness of particular smellscapes. The unseen methodologies behind her practice have also changed over this period, with an increasing incorporation of multiple voices into the published mapping, and a changing deployment of technologies. 52 Ephemerality

in Time for mapping
Grassroots exceptionalism in humanitarian memoir

Westerners. He lives out of a storage locker, doesn’t wear socks to a fancy event (where the guest of honour is Sir Edmund Hillary), keeps a list of potential celebrity-donors in a ziploc bag, and writes out his first batch of letters to Congressmen appealing for funds on outdated technology. ‘“I had no idea what I was doing”, Mortenson remembers. “I just kept a list of everyone who seemed powerful or

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
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three newly configured characters establish an Oedipal pattern. Kitty 2395 Ch3 7/5/02 8:40 am Page 73 Personal perspectives 73 sees Grimshaw embrace Katya; she witnesses their passion. She is precipitated into speech by her visualised, dramatic, exclusion, ‘interrupted by sobs and the grinding of minute teeth, there rose up in the child’s voice the words: “Nobody must be loved but me. Nobody must be loved but me”.’ She is ‘cured’. Tears of pity and of identification come to Katya’s eyes, for here ‘she recognised the torture of her own passion’ (pp. 65

in Fragmenting modernism
The sense of an ending in Jeanette Winterson’s The Stone Gods

) are very different things. More recently, Christian U. Becker has argued that the ethics of sustainability must be treated as distinct from scientific and economic understandings of the term. The latter two are identifiable as conservative, static modes, while sustainability ethics implies – and indeed necessitates – behavioural and psychological change (Becker 2012: 14). For Becker, such ‘meta-structures’ of science, technology and economics with their different but comparable emphases on individuality and utility can – and should – be challenged by an ethics of

in Literature and sustainability

radioactive material to make a ‘dirty bomb’. In the latter half of the 1990s, nuclear and radioactive material stolen from Russian installations and stockpiles was increasingly smuggled through Central Asia, the Caucasus and the Balkans, all areas in which al-Qaeda had a significant presence. The critical point about the use of such weapons by terrorist networks is that they are more likely than not to be delivered in unconventional ways and not by missiles. James Rosenau’s identification of ‘sovereignty-free actors’ underscores the growing importance of technology and

in Limiting institutions?