Open Access (free)
Paul Latawski and Martin A. Smith

Serb national patrimony. For the Albanians, Kosovo also occupies an important place in the development of Albanian nationalism. In one of its southern cities, Prizren, the development of the Albanian national identity received a powerful boost. In Prizren, during one of the innumerable crises of South East Europe that involved the European great powers, the Albanians formed a political organisation called the ‘League of Prizren

in The Kosovo crisis and the evolution of post-Cold War European security
Open Access (free)
Janelle Joseph

nationalism and race relations. James was adamant that sport was important beyond the runs, wickets, bowling and batting because it could be used to draw attention to wider social and political contexts. His account of professional cricket(ers) is useful insofar as it explains the central importance of cricket to constructions of Caribbean identity and as symbolic of the intertwined anti-colonial, class and

in Sport in the Black Atlantic
Open Access (free)
Neil McNaughton

century. There has been a Scottish Nationalist movement for over a century although the Scottish National Party (SNP) did not come into existence until 1928. Welsh nationalism is a younger phenomenon, but Plaid Cymru – the Welsh Nationalist party – does date back to 1925. Both these movements were certainly influenced by the fact that Ireland had been granted virtually full independence in 1921. independence The situation in Northern Ireland has been, quite If one of the countries of the UK became independent it clearly, very different. The full circumstances of would

in Understanding British and European political issues
Open Access (free)
Paul Latawski and Martin A. Smith

futures: unachievable goals? The normative bases of the Dayton agreements, UNSC Resolution 1244 and the Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe all promote democracy in conjunction with a civic model of nationalism that is distant, if not alien to, ethnic national identities in South East Europe. On this crucial issue of nationalism, the gulf in understanding between the recipients and givers of norms lies at the crux of

in The Kosovo crisis and the evolution of post-Cold War European security
Explaining foreign policy variation
Raymond Hinnebusch

, the Arabs could not wage war without Egypt or make peace without Syria. Yet this break with the radical past was much sharper in Egypt under Sadat than in Asad’s Syria and by 1980 they had become bitter rivals, as Egypt abandoned Nasser’s Arab nationalism, pursued a separate peace with Israel which ignored the touchstone of Arabism, the Palestine cause, and embraced alliance with America. Syria became the main standard bearer of Arab nationalism, was branded a rejectionist state in the West and remained locked in bitter conflict with Israel

in The international politics of the Middle East
De-scribing Imperial identity from alien to migrant
Peter Childs

Third World fiction after the Second World War that the fictional uses of “nation” and “nationalism” are most pronounced.’ He goes on to say that, following the war, English social identity underwent a transformation based on its earlier imperial encounters. Colonialism in reverse created ‘a new sense of what it means to be “English”’ (1990: 46–7). However, Brennan does not consider what changes have been wrought on that society, what reinventions of tradition have manufactured new Englands of the mind, alongside the pronouncements of newly forged nationalist

in Across the margins
Irish fiction and autobiography since 1990
Liam Harte

English. We are the speckled people.47 Whereas The Speckled People seeks to valorise new, braided identity formations, its sequel, The Sailor in the Wardrobe (2006), encodes a parallel impulse in contemporary Irish writing, one which is perhaps most marked among writers from the Republic: the longing to break free from the wearying binaries and mystifications of nationalism. Fork-tongued young Hugo’s plaintive desire to rupture the Joycean nets – ‘I want to have no past behind me, no conscience and no memory. I want to get away from my home and my family and my history

in Irish literature since 1990
Open Access (free)
British masculinities, pomophobia, and the post-nation
Berthold Schoene

masculine I am at one with the nation’ (1986: 57). Both propositions clearly identify nationalism as a profoundly Norquay_06_Ch5 83 22/3/02, 9:56 am 84 Theorising identities gendered discourse that interpellates men as ‘insiders’ while at the same time excluding and quite literally ‘alienating’ women. However, unlike Woolf, who appears to blame men’s congenital bellicosity – ‘a sex instinct’ (1993 [1938]: 234) – for their deleterious susceptibility to patriotism, and patriotically motivated warfare in particular, Easthope’s enquiry works to expose the insidious

in Across the margins
Jeremy C.A. Smith

Bellah, which remained evident in the form of nationalism that emerged. Even in modernity, Japan’s non-​Axial principles are still primary in rooting the social and political order in the particularism of Japanese civilisation (Bellah, 2003: 39). In this aspect of Bellah’s argument, he is closer to Eisenstadt than Arnason in emphasising the enduring longevity of the civilisational premises of this particular East Asian trajectory. Consistent with Weberian principles, universalist cosmologies are central to the problems under consideration and historical questions are

in Debating civilisations
Steven Fielding

handed down from on high’; instead, they sought ‘a greater say and greater voice’ than allowed by the parliamentary system. The perception was that people were being ‘kicked around’ by those in authority and this alienation gave rise to Welsh and Scottish nationalism, student radicalism and union militancy. Yet such forces were hostile to government only because they had been denied expression within it: most just wanted to ‘participate constructively’ and win ‘responsibility’. Benn’s proposals were, all things considered, fairly modest. First, ministers needed to

in The Labour Governments 1964–70 volume 1