Search results

Marta Iñiguez de Heredia

3 The history and present of ‘Africa’s World War’ S The ‘failure’ of the DRC and the militarisation of peace peaking in 2010 of the International Security and Stabilisation Support Strategy (ISSSS) for the DRC, a MONUSCO officer argued that the escalation of violence in the Kivus over the last few years was caused by the DRC state being ‘inexistent’ (MONUSCO – ISSSS/STAREC liaison officer 2010). For this MONUSCO representative, some functions of the state did not work properly. So the task of international actors was to operationalise the state towards making

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making
Open Access (free)
Protecting borders, confirming statehood and transforming economies?
Jenny H. Peterson

points to the issue of sustainability. The DSI cannot and should not remain in Kosovo indefinitely. However, leaving institutions incomplete, in the dying months of the mission, is an ineffective manner in which to transform institutions. In order to create sustainable structures which have the full capacity to deal with smuggling and other related forms of fraud and crime, institutions require a smooth, coherent and stable plan with a rational and well-considered exit strategy. In the case of Kosovo’s customs services, it appears this issue was recognised and managed

in Building a peace economy?
Open Access (free)
A cognitive perspective
Gilles Allaire

, however, multi-scaled: [I]n particular, continuity derives from sustained commitments to organisational strategies and heuristics that presumably involve higher-level cognitive processes in the individuals involved . . . In a still broader context, cognitive frameworks and paradigms are known as a source of long-lasting influence and continuity for both scientific disciplines and industrial technologies. (Nelson and Winter 2002: 32) To add a consumption perspective, I would include identity commitments and the cognitive frameworks constituted through quality networks

in Qualities of food
Heather Shore

5 Crime, criminal networks and the survival strategies of the poor in early eighteenth-century London Heather Shore The poor in England Crime, criminal networks, survival strategies Introduction This morning one Rebecca Hart, a poor Woman belonging to the Parish of St. James’s, was committed to Prison for stealing several Quantities of Coals, the Property of Mr. Nathan Robley. It was sworn against her that she had declared, ‘It was no Sin in the Poor to rob the Rich; and that if it was, J— C— had died to procure the Pardon of all such Sinners.’ The Prisoner

in The poor in England 1700–1850
Marta Iñiguez de Heredia

support of neighbouring countries’ invasion of the DRC in 1998–2003, the insecurity provoked by the different CNDP uprisings and the ongoing presence of foreign and national armed groups represent a continuation of the self-defence and liberation agenda. The strategies undertaken for surviving and confronting war are inseparable from the strategy of joining armed militias as a way of ‘reacting against their marginalisation and exclusion’ (Vlassenroot 2002: 150). The means used are largely conditioned by the historical moment in which actors are embedded. Nevertheless

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making
New Labour and public sector reform
Eric Shaw

8 The meaning of modernisation: New Labour and public sector reform Eric Shaw Introduction If there is a dominant motif in Labour’s approach to the conduct of domestic policy, it is ‘modernisation’ – and its synonym, ‘reform’. No set of institutions were more frequently and in a more thoroughgoing and sustained manner the object of modernisation than the public services.1 ‘The reform of our public services’, John Reid declared, ‘is the crucible in which the future shape of the progressive centre-left politics is being forged’ (Reid 2005). It was, the Prime

in In search of social democracy
America and Trump in the Asia Pacific
Ketan Patel and Christian Hansmeyer

Introduction The United States under Donald Trump has been charting a radically new course in Asia, a region that has long relied on America for stability and maintaining the balance of power. In the first half of his presidential term of 2017–21, the forty-fifth president reversed or sought to reverse many of the long-standing policies and initiatives pursued by Barack Obama and his predecessors, with potential long-term implications. A multilateral and multifaceted engagement strategy in the region is being replaced by a transactional approach to security

in The United States in the Indo-Pacific
David Coates and Leo Panitch

representatives, and their trade union leaderships. The British parliamentary State sustained the private rule of capital in the UK by drawing all these potentially oppositional social forces and political institutions into a form of democratic politics that left elected governments subject to the constraints of a conservative state apparatus and a well-entrenched business and financial class, and left their electorate subject to heavy ideological pressure from schools, churches and the media. The Labour ITLP_C05.QXD 18/8/03 9:57 am Page 74 74 The Milibandian perspective

in Interpreting the Labour Party
Louise Amoore

flexibilisation of labour (1997: 8). The Economic and Development Review Committee (EDRC) applaud the UK for its ‘reform of industrial relations’, New Zealand for its ‘reduced government intervention’, Ireland for the lowering of the ‘generosity of unemployment Amoore_Global_02_Ch1 29 6/19/02, 12:09 PM Globalisation contested 30 Table 1.1 The OECD’s ‘Jobs Strategy’ recommendations 1 Set macroeconomic policy such that it will both encourage growth and, in conjunction with good structural policies, make it sustainable, i.e. noninflationary. 2 Enhance the creation and

in Globalisation contested
Open Access (free)
Shirin M. Rai

) the nature of the particular institutional form of democracy; (2) causes and contexts of democratization; (3) prospects for the sustainability and deepening of democracy and (4) the relationship between democracy and socio-economic development. Rueschemeyer et al. (1992) highlighted three factors that affect the actual working of democracies: (1) the international factors – such as inter-state relations; (2) the individual state itself and its political institutions and leadership – the role of the military as opposed to civilian leadership, for example; and (3

in Democratization through the looking-glass