Open Access (free)
Antonín Salač and the French School at Athens
Thea De Armond

Picard’s tenure as director of the school (between 1919 and 1925), its Foreign Section was uniquely diverse (that is, with respect to nationality). Membres étrangers hailed from Sweden, Denmark, Russia, Poland, Romania, Belgium, the Netherlands, Switzerland and, of course, Czechoslovakia. No other director in the history of the French School has presided over so diverse a Foreign Section as did Picard; Pierre Roussel’s subsequent directorship saw the Foreign Section dominated by Belgium and the Netherlands once more. This diversity was in line with French cultural

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Diplomacy, cross-border patronage, and the negotiation of subsidy alliances in the north-western part of the Holy Roman Empire (late seventeenth century)
Tilman Haug

Geschichte, 3 vols, ed. by Georg Droege (Düsseldorf: Schwann, 1980), vol. 2, pp. 219–365 (pp. 240–265). For the structural proneness to warlike conflict in Europe, see Johannes Burkhardt, ‘Die Friedlosigkeit der Frühen Neuzeit: Grundlegung einer Theorie der Bellizität Europas’, Zeitschrift für Historische Forschung 24 (1997), 509–574. Small powers and great designs 189 the Pyrenees in 1659 and gravely affected the territories on the left bank of the Rhine. Other minor, mostly low-intensity, military conflicts in Europe following 1648 included the war between Sweden and

in Subsidies, diplomacy, and state formation in Europe, 1494–1789
Johanna Gondouin, Suruchi Thapar-Björkert, and Ingrid Ryberg

adoption. The six episodes of approximately one hour each of China Girl were screened at the Cannes film festival in May 2017, and have since been shown on the BBC, Sundance TV, and Swedish national television (SVT),  117 The politics of reproduction 117 among others. The first season was a critical success, praised for its visual power, emotional depth, and outstanding acting. The second has also been well received, although slightly less enthusiastically. China Girl has been praised by feminist critics for its radical depiction of the experiences of women as well

in The power of vulnerability
The Member States between procedural adaptation and structural revolution
Jürgen Mittag and Wolfgang Wessels

. Finland and Sweden, for instance, are engaged in an initiative on a ‘Northern Dimension’ of the Union while southern states such as Greece, Spain or Portugal are primarily interested in a continuation of the Structural and Cohesion Funds. These interests are difficult to categorise. National priorities are the product of particular intra-state structures and developments. Domestic issues are the prevailing issues. Thus, if we are looking at the ‘real’ actions of national governments, ‘(re)-nationalisation’ of policies appears quite often to be more of a public relations

in Fifteen into one?
Open Access (free)
Johan Östling

in Research, Higher Education and the Academic Market: The Breakdown of Scientific Thought, ed. by Sharon Rider, Ylva Hasselberg & Alexandra Waluszewski (Dordrecht, 2013). 14  PISA & Co: Kritik eines Programms, ed. by Thomas Jahnke & Wolfram Meyerhöfer (Hildesheim, 2007); Johanna Ringarp & Martin Rothland, ‘Is the Grass Always Greener? The Effect of the PISA Results on Education Debates in Sweden and Germany’, European Educational Research Journal, 9:3 (2010); European Integration and the Governance of Higher Education and Research, ed. by Alberto Amaral et al

in Humboldt and the modern German university
Towards a union or not?
Kjell M. Torbiörn

Danes and the Irish. By the time Greece, Portugal and Spain joined in the 1980s – also in a large part for economic reasons – resistance by the British and others to further integration had essentially transformed the European Community into MUP_Torbion_07_Ch7 127 22/9/03, 1:51 pm 128 Destination Europe an intergovernmental organisation (with the Commission as a last, and often frustrated, driving force for integration). The last three members – Austria, Finland and Sweden – faced a partly new situation. Not that the Internal Market posed any major threat to

in Destination Europe
Open Access (free)
Jes Wienberg

technical possibilities of salvaging the temples, with several competing proposals, while the waters of the Nile were rising in a menacing manner: a French proposal to protect the temples behind their own dam; an Italian one to raise them in one piece by means of hydraulics; a British one to make them visible under the water; another French one to tow them on a raft behind a dam; and a Swedish one to cut the temples into pieces and subsequently rebuild them at a new site. The Swedish proposal made by VBB (Vattenbyggnadsbyrån; now part of Sweco), which competitors

in Heritopia
The example of the German principality of Waldeck
Andreas Flurschütz da Cruz

, 2016), pp. 9–27. 13 Cf. Barbara Stollberg-Rilinger, Des Kaisers alte Kleider: Verfassungsgeschichte und Symbolsprache des Alten Reiches (Munich: C.H. Beck, 2008), p. 150. Subsidy treaties in early modern times 177 of the Landgrave of Hesse-Cassel is also interesting: through being a subsidy receiver, he had risen to become sufficiently important to be a consort of a Swedish princess and, in a second step, to reach the Swedish throne (1720–1751). Thus, military subsidy treaties could be coupled with inter-dynastic marriage projects.14 Even though not every troop

in Subsidies, diplomacy, and state formation in Europe, 1494–1789
UK and Swiss initiatives to open up animal laboratory research
Carmen M. McLeod

within these transparency discourses that aim to build trust. However, a growing social-science scholarship questions the assumption that greater transparency will necessarily improve accountability and trust within governance frameworks (Hood and Heald, 2006; Meijer, 2013; Worthy, 2010), and highlights the potential tensions between secrecy and openness (e.g. Birchall, 2011; Jasanoff, 2006; Strathern, 2000). The ‘technologies of secrets’, a term employed by Holmberg and Ideland (2010) in a Swedish case study, refers to the patterns that underlie the fluid and flexible

in Science and the politics of openness
Nursing and medical records in the Imperial War in Ethiopia (1935–36)
Anna La Torre, Giancarlo Celeri Bellotti, and Cecilia Sironi

Red Cross sent foreign operators from several countries in defence of Ethiopia against the Italian occupation. About a hundred actively contributed as doctors and nurses. Among them, the Swedish Count Carl Gustav von Rosen should be mentioned.39 He left Stockholm with an air ambulance, landing in Addis Ababa, and took part in several missions (up to fifty-five flights and eighty-one serious injuries transported), ‘evacuating the wounded and transporting drugs on both sides, until an Italian aircraft destroyed the device in the field of Quoram, although it clearly

in Colonial caring