The intellectual influence of non-medical research on policy and practice in the Colonial Medical Service in Tanganyika and Uganda
World Health Organization , 12, 3, 1955 , pp. 471–5; Ainsworth, Infancy in Uganda , p.
1. Cf. J. Bowlby, Maternal Care and MentalHealth , Geneva,
2nd edn., World Health Organization, Monograph Series, No. 2, 1952 . Ainsworth observed that weaning was not
always as abrupt as it was reputed to be.
M. Geber, ‘The Psycho-Motor Development
civilisation, education and Christianity was dangerous for African
mentalhealth, thereby inferring (among other things) that is was better
that the African insane were removed from missionary influences. 23
Government medical services expanded considerably during the
interwar years. In 1921, the government medical staff treated 19,000
African cases; and by 1937, 729,000 cases were treated, with medical
the following rights as being infringed by VAW: the right
to life; the right not to be subject to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading
treatment or punishment; the right to equal protection according to humanitarian
norms in time of international or internal armed conflict; the right to liberty and
security of person; the right to equal protection under the law; the right to equality
in the family; the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mentalhealth; the right to just and favourable conditions of work.27 Other rights can be
governmentality and its reliance on disciplinary
power. According to Foucault (1979), disciplinary power is that which is
exercised through administrative systems and social services, such as prisons,
schools, and mentalhealth services. As disciplinary institutions, they rely
on mechanisms such as surveillance, assessment, the organisation of space,
timetables, and daily routines, which ensure that people behave in certain
ways or are being disciplined without having to resort to the use of corporal
violence. Disciplinary mechanisms ensure the control of populations and
bargain with the devil, but they had been tricked into doing so, and were, in
THE MALLEUS MALEFICARUM
any case, less than fully culpable by reason of their age, poverty, gross ignorance, and failing mentalhealth.
Despite their differences, Alphonso de Spina and Nicholas of Cusa both
accepted an essentially conservative and traditional view of witchcraft, in
which the experiences of women who followed the bonae res were basically
imaginary. For others, this kind of faith in ecclesiastical tradition seemed no
Reconceptualising states’ obligations in countering VAWH
Sara De Vido
, sexual violence and/or incest,134 and in cases of severe malformation of the foetus and risks to the life or health (including mentalhealth) of
the pregnant woman. States could still retain room to manoeuvre, the ‘margin
of appreciation’ in the jurisprudence of the ECtHR, in deciding to what extent
abortion can be limited, provided that, as I argue in this book, denial of abortion
does not cause VAWH, in terms of intense suffering, and what the HRC has
called a ‘high level of mental anguish,’ connected to an ‘intense stigma and loss
of dignity’ for the pregnant woman
See -Dord-e Obradović, Suffering of Dubrovnik (Dubrovnik: Dubrovački Vjesnik, 1993).
113 Eduard Klain, ‘Yugoslavia as a Group’, Croatian Medical Journal, 33 (1992) (War
Supplement 1) pp. 3–14. I first found this article discussed in Predrag Kaličanin,
Stresses of War (Belgrade: Institute for MentalHealth, 1993), and later verified the
quotations for myself against the original.
114 Ibid. p. 9.
115 M. Jakovljević, ‘Psychiatric Perspectives of the War against Croatia ’, Croatian Medical
Journal, 33 (1992) (War Supplement 2), pp. 10–18. As with Klain’s article, I
theory”’ (Brandom 2000 p. 179). The point is that the
Aesthetics and subjectivity
same person could use two such vocabularies, for example as a neurologist
working on the brain chemistry of trauma, and as a parent concerned about the
mentalhealth of their child resulting from the child’s traumatic experiences
which could be helped by the right kind of therapy.
One of the more puzzling aspects of contemporary debates about language
and truth is that positions which acknowledge that the myth of the given is
indeed a myth seem to end up with wholly divergent ideas
mentalhealth in the Blitz was the complete
refutation of pre-war expert opinion; by any measure the people
were as healthy in mind as before the bombing, if not more so.
As a response to air raids, ‘trekking’ occurred almost everywhere,
especially when it seemed to people that their city was in for a
series of attacks. Clearly, some people felt too afraid to pass the
nights in their homes and were not convinced of the power of the
authorities to protect them from the danger, even when the provision of shelters was adequate. It was the provincial counterpart of
Impossible Country: A Journey Through the Last Days of Yugoslavia
(Boston: David Godine Publishers, 1994) p. 19.
112 Pavličević, ‘Persecution and Liquidation of Croats on Croatian Territory From 1903 To
114 Reprinted from Globus in Predrag Kaličanin, Stresses of War (Belgrade: Institute for
MentalHealth, 1993) p. 2.
115 Slavenka Drakulič, Cafe Europa: Life After Communism (London: Abacus, 1996)