countries are at the favourable ‘low’ end, and almost always, the UK,
the US and Portugal are at the unfavourable ‘high’ end, with Canada, Australia
knowledge, democracy and action
and continental European countries in between. What is so powerful in their
research is evidence that both the rich and the poor fare better in societies with
less inequality. And this is true whether one speaks of mortality and morbidity,
educational outcomes, mental health, obesity, violence or the status of minorities.
It is the unequal world, however
Surveillance and transgender bodies in a post-9/ 11 era of neoliberalism
surgery. However, several countries
(including Argentina, Bangladesh, Denmark, India, Nepal, and Pakistan)
have instituted new laws and policies that range from adding a
third-gender option to removing certain obstacles for declaring gender
identity to the state. Moreover, in 2011 and 2012 Australia and New
Zealand respectively introduced the X (or ‘indeterminate’
and ‘unspecified’) category as a marker
has been subject to national storage regulations; South Korea demands
domestic storage of geographic data; and Brazil discussed national
storage regulations when passing the Marco Civil in 2013, but weakened
the requirements at the last moment (Polatin-Reuben and Wright 2014 : 3).
Deutsche Telekom proposed to the German Federal Government
and the European Union (EU) to begin with a
Hannah Jones, Yasmin Gunaratnam, Gargi Bhattacharyya, William Davies, Sukhwant Dhaliwal, Emma Jackson and Roiyah Saltus
the freedom to augment themselves,
through education and other decisions, so as to increase their economic value
in the marketplace (Becker, 1976 ).
as items of ‘capital’ rather than as members of population has a
disaggregating effect, which represents a departure from liberal
governmentality. In the sphere of migration, it is manifest in the
much-heralded ‘Australian-style points system’, which assesses
when there is no public change in ours’. The
President ‘might press him to go from the current level of seven
Britishers to about a hundred, but we would be lucky to get fifty in this
first phase’. ‘When and if’ the United States opened a
‘second phase and need to land a mixed force of US and other troops,
we might conceivably get a small British contingent along with larger ones
from Australia and New Zealand’. The United
and frequently done so in new places: Washington in the new nation of the United States, Canberra in Australia, Ankara in Turkey, Brasilia in Brazil, St Petersburg in tzarist Russia, Astana in Kazakhstan, or Naypyidaw in Burma/Myanmar. 31 Just as those who seek a new or an improved society can build grand cities for improved humanity, so those who want only to remedy the flaws which mar existing humanity look to the arrangement of urban spaces to design out crime. 32
Existing and new components of identity can be used both by
). Transpositions: On Nomadic Ethics. Cambridge: Polity.
Lorde, A. (1978). Black Unicorn. New York: W. W. Norton.
Lorde, A. (1984). Zami: A New Spelling of My Name. London: Sheba Feminist
Tyler, I. (2007). ‘The selfish feminist’, Australian Feminist Studies, 22:53, pp. 173–90.
Williams, R. (1977). Marxism and Literature. Oxford: Oxford Paperbacks.
seem at the outset to be a simple case of using an
enhanced form of technology.
While Chapter 2 remains within the
network of sport through examining enhancements of technologies already
used in sport, Chapter 3 moves outwards to examine
technologies that are not traditionally part of sporting practice but
which have been introduced into the actor-network in sport. The first
case, GPS units in Australian-rules football, introduces the notion that
technologies frequently produce unexpected outcomes, and
anthropomorphised as a physician
and photographer since the 1800s. See Melissa Miles, The Burning
Mirror: Photography in an Ambivalent Light ( North Melbourne : Australian Scholarly
Publishing, 2008), pp. 82–4; Zane R. Kime, Sunlight ( Penryn : World Health Publications, 1980), p.
36; and J. M. Andress and W. A. Evans, Success and Health ( Toronto : Ginn & Co., 1925), p.
obtain full nationality and residency
rights was to apply for naturalisation after seven years living in the country.
The Nationality Acts of 1962 and 1968 were highly controversial and were the
first pieces of legislation which were thought to be ‘racist’ in their effect
(though governments argued they were not racist by intention). The reason
was that their effect mostly fell upon Afro-Caribbean and Asian peoples – i.e.
so-called ‘coloureds’. Would-be white skinned immigrants from Australia, New
Zealand, Canada or South Africa could usually find at least a British