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instances where their accuracy surpasses that of the late medieval Scottish historians John Mair (c. 1467–1550) and Hector Boece.94 Fearchar’s narrative was also available to Murchadh MacKenzie of Ardross, author of another of the Macintosh genealogical histories, the Ardross MS.95 Fifthly, and of particular interest from the perspective of this book, a number of our historians indicate their reliance upon oral sources. Sometimes this is a straightforward tapping of an individual for information concerning a specific episode occurring up to a century before,96 but other

in The spoken word

, in the year 1521, having been called there by the Emperor Charles, Fifth of that name. Dr Martin Luther had, three years earlier, put forward certain paradoxes to be discussed 86 Luther’s lives in Wittenberg, a town of Saxony, against the tyranny of the Roman Bishop. Although these paradoxes were, from time to time, torn up and burned by various people, nevertheless they were refuted by nothing from either the Scriptures or arguments from reason. The matter began to tend toward an uprising, since the common people supported the cause of the Gospel against the

in Luther’s lives
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du Camp, 1 August 1940, spoke of how Vichy’s efforts to mollify the invader ‘ne racontrent que le sarcasme, cynisme et menaces de repression futures’.192 After announcing that leading members of the Third Republic were going to be put on trial, the journal referred to a ‘mécontentement général de la population’. In a further comment on life in occupied France, the paper reported on high unemployment in the unoccupied zone, angry crowds gathering at factories, food shortages and demonstrations, especially at Marseille, Lyon and Clermont-Ferrand. Ominously, the

in The forgotten French

. 196–222; Burk, Old World, p. 625.  60 Kissinger, YOU, pp. 162–3. On French policy during the ‘Year of Europe’ see: Aurélie Gfeller, Building a European Identity: France, the United States, and the Oil Shock, 1973– 1974 (New York: Berghahn Books, 2012).   61 TNA: CAB 164/1232 Burke Trend to the Prime Minister, 19 March 1973.   62 TNA: PREM 15/1541 Record of a Conversation between the Prime Minister and the President of the French Republic, 21 May 1973.   63 TNA: CAB 134/3625 European Unit: Minutes of a Meeting Held in Conference Room E, Cabinet Office, 23 May

in A strained partnership?
Emigration and the spread of Irish religious influence

made in the early years of the new century by those answering criticism, of inappropriately high expenditure.188 Horace Plunkett’s ill-judged critique of the ‘extravagance’ of so many 213 Roddy_Population_Printer.indd 213 15/09/2014 11:47 Population, providence and empire ‘gaudy edifices’ built ‘at the expense of poor communities’, which, he asserted, ‘shocks the economic sense’, prompted Monsignor Michael O’Riordan’s claim that somewhere between a fifth and a quarter of all money used for the purpose came not from the Irish at home but from the Irish abroad.189

in Population, providence and empire

status therefore primarily derives from its universality. His aesthetic theory becomes an inverted Platonism. Whereas, in the Republic at least, Plato attacks art for only representing the single object, not the Idea, Schopenhauer maintains that art is the only locus in which the Idea can be represented. The higher truth becomes attainable by eliminating the illusion that the subject could relate to a world which means something essential to it qua sensuous subject. This elimination requires a relationship to things of disinterested contemplation which takes one beyond

in Aesthetics and subjectivity