Open Access (free)
Bronwen Price

Introduction 1 1 Introduction BRONWEN PRICE if a man could succeed … in kindling a light in nature – a light which should in its very rising touch and illuminate all the borderregions that confine upon the circle of our present knowledge; and so spreading further and further should presently disclose and bring into sight all that is hidden and secret in the world, – that man should be the benefactor indeed of the human race, – the propagator of man’s empire over the universe, the champion of liberty, the conqueror and subduer of necessities.1 Francis Bacon

in Francis Bacon’s <i>New Atlantis</i>
Andrew McMeekin, Ken Green, Mark Tomlinson, and Vivien Walsh

writers, from a range of disciplines, including neoclassical economists, psychologists and socio-biologists. He concludes that biological and psychological perspectives, fitted into frameworks of evolutionary economics, have much to tell us about the formation of preferences, and economists should be open to such diverse approaches if they are to understand the relationship between innovation and demand. Chapter 6, by Mark Tomlinson and Andrew McMeekin, looks at the routine nature of food consumption. The existence of consumption routines is particularly significant for

in Innovation by demand
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French clerical reformers and episcopal status
Alison Forrestal

informed his conceptions of priesthood and episcopacy. In 1611, Bérulle founded the Congregation of the Oratory hoping, as he put it in his ‘Projet de l’érection de la Congrégation de l’Oratoire de Jésus’, to re-establish ‘virtue and perfection in the sacerdotal state’.12 This aspiration was the product of his evolving theology of priesthood which was based, above all, on the innate and magnificent dignity of the sacerdotal order. It, in turn, was directly related to the Christocentric nature of his thought and to his adoption of a modified Dionysian hierarchical

in Fathers, pastors and kings
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Graeme Kirkpatrick

Mouffe’s understanding of the political, it involves changing the way that society is experienced as real – that is, the nature and position of the limit it sets on what may be proposed and what may be done. The politics of articulation involve attempts to shift this boundary by loosening the hold of hegemonic equivalences and creating spaces for excluded and suppressed experiences to gain expression. This resonates with Feenberg’s search for a bridging concept between the small-scale disputes over individual artefacts described by constructivism and the wider concern

in Technical politics
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Jeremy Gould

2 Anthropology jeremy gould There is no self-evident consensus on what constitutes genuine anthropology. For some, anthropology is defined by its fieldwork-based methodology; for others, it is its nonreductionist commitment to fleshing out complex causalities from the empirical foliage of thick description. For others still, anthropology is simply a general social science of nonWestern societies. This writer’s understanding of the anthropological enterprise revolves around the need for a self-reflective perspective on the nature and use of normative discourse in

in Democratization through the looking-glass
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The scientific world
Christopher Morgan

(1992) that Growing up is to leave the fireside with its tales, the burying of the head between God’s knees. It is to perceive that knowledge of him comes from the genes’ breaking of an involved code, from the mind’s parallel at-homeness with missile and scalpel. (56) chapter4 28/1/05 88 1:29 pm Page 88 A poetics of environment Here is just one example of the highly paradoxical nature of Thomas’s thought, his rejection and affirmation of science, his acknowledgement of subtlety, complexity, interrelatedness. To recognise this wideness and this relentless drive

in R. S. Thomas
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Roman ‘tyranny’ and radical Catholic opposition
S.J. Barnett

, overtly hostile relations with Rome could destabilize the complex and often fragile nature of political alliances in the peninsula. The Papal States – stretching from just above Pontecorvo south of Rome, sweeping north to cross the Appenines to Ascoli Piceno and up to Ferrara – constituted a geo-political entity of sufficient size that rulers of smallers independent states could not entirely ignore it. Thus, when circumstances were favourable the Curia could still act as at least a temporary focus for alliances, and thus exert influence within the peninsula. Some of the

in The Enlightenment and religion
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Stirner, anarchy, subjectivity and the art of living
John Moore

nothing can be predicated with any certainty as to the ‘true nature of things,’ all projects (as Nietzsche says) can only be ‘founded on nothing.’ And yet there must be a project – if only because we ourselves resist being categorized as ‘nothing.’ Out of nothing we will make something: the Uprising, the revolt against everything which proclaims: ‘The Nature of Things is such-&-such’. (Bey, 1994: 1) Drawing upon Nietzschean perspectivism, Bey mounts an anti-foundationalist argument: given the collapse of the philosophical concept of truth, there is no foundation, no

in Changing anarchism
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Hans Peter Broedel

ever been simple, but in the earlier Middle Ages most clerics would probably have accepted as their starting point Augustine’s view of a powerful but strictly limited devil.4 This orthodox Christian demon was a fallen angel, who retained his angelic nature despite the loss of grace, and whose aerial body, superhuman intellect, and vast experience enabled him to do wonderful things. He was, however, entirely separated from the divine, and could not perform true miracles or do anything truly supernatural: a demon was simply a creature created by God, differing from the

in The <i>Malleus Maleficarum</i> and the construction of witchcraft
Open Access (free)
Anthropology and rural West Europe today
Jeremy MacClancy

(hippies, New Agers, back-to-nature types, etc.) but at labour migrants from outside Western Europe and affluent resettlers as well. Members of all these groups are, in their own way, contributing towards the construction of a non-traditional countryside. All of them help to maintain life in rural areas which would otherwise be emptying of residents. Of course, ‘alternative’ is itself a relative term, whose application is contextual and temporal. As several chapters demonstrate, much of what was considered alternative thirty years ago is now well on the way to becoming

in Alternative countrysides