Search results

Open Access (free)
One or two ‘honorable cannibals’ in the House?

from the APS secured an interview with the secretary of state for the colonies, and presented the APS’s views on the draft of this Bill. The deputation expressed concern that the Government did not appear to have made any provision in the Bill ‘for imparting to the Natives the privileges enjoyed by British subjects’. It was essential, the APS claimed, to entrench Aboriginal rights in these new constitutions

in Equal subjects, unequal rights
The evolving European security architecture

relevant after the next enlargements. Democracy and accountability in foreign and security policies are not seen as mutually exclusive but rather as prerequisites for the emergence of a European identity in the world. But all this is in the future and will take time. For the time being, the veto will remain for important matters of national sovereignty. EU institutions such as the Commission and the EP will try to accelerate the process towards a European demos, but there is no guarantee of success nor a clear timetable. What it means in terms of practical arrangements

in Theory and reform in the European Union
Open Access (free)
The international system and the Middle East

The Middle East has been profoundly shaped by the international system, or more precisely, the great powers, which dominate its developed ‘core’. The nineteenth-century expansion of capitalism and imperialism into the region reflected a combination of superior Western technological, market, and military power which penetrated and eventually reduced the Middle East to an economic periphery of the core and imposed a very flawed Western state system on it. Even after independence, Western capitalism continued to penetrate the Middle East: the

in The international politics of the Middle East
Open Access (free)

Turkish nationalism and Islam Turkey professes to be a secular state, the only such country in the Middle East and the only secular Muslim country in the world. Turkey is a living example, though not without difficulties, of a country whose population is predominantly Muslim but which is not a Muslim state. Ayse Kadioglu supplies a brief but painful enough reminder of the reforms, better called trauma, that the country and its population had experienced, which helps when evaluating the interaction between state and

in Turkey: facing a new millennium

002.p65 19 11/09/03, 13:33 20 The political philosophy of Rousseau state? Where would we be without the progress of medical technologies and the tremendous advances in the sciences, which have led to electricity, the lap-top computer, MTV, the electric guitar, Viagra, Boeing 747s, the hedonistic pleasures of the welfare state and cellular phones? Have we ever had it so good? Brave new world! What more could we possibly want? The history of progress Certainly the sciences have made life easier in many respects. Yet it is as if there is a flaw in the heaven of

in The political philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Hitler and Mussolini. Overall, Chamberlain was ‘Suspicious of the Soviet Union, disdainful of Roosevelt’s “verbiage”, impatient at what he felt France’s confused diplomacy of intransigence and passivity, and regarding the Vic06 10/15/03 2:11 PM Page 134 134 THE LABOUR PARTY AND THE WORLD Table 6.1—Defence expenditure totals and as a percentage of national income, 1937 State % of national income spent on defence Defence expenditure $000,000 5.7 9.1 23.5 14.5 28.2 1.5 26.4 1,263 909 4,000 870 1,130 992 5,026 British empire France Germany Italy Japan USA USSR

in The Labour Party and the world, volume 1

integration process.40 Article 23, para. 1 suggests that the EU will preserve the principles of federalism and subsidiarity, and it binds future transfers of sovereignty to the consent of the Bundesrat. It provides for a comprehensive exchange of information concerning the EU between the federal government and the Bundestag and Bundesrat, and it gives the Bundesrat the opportunity to state its opinion before the federal government participates in the EU legislative process. The Bundesrat is to have the right to participate in the decision making process of the federal

in The Länder and German federalism

wars illustrates: most of these conflicts have attracted involvement by neighbouring countries, and some have all along been as much interstate as intra-state disputes. But ethnic conflicts do not only cause international insecurity; they may also be in part a result of security competition. Bosnia’s conflict, for example, was driven in large part by rivalry between Serbia and Croatia; Macedonia’s violence is largely a spillover from the Kosovo conflict; and separatist conflicts continue in Azerbaijan and Georgia due in large part to Russian support for the

in Limiting institutions?
Open Access (free)
Crossing borders, changing times

– conceptualise the borders they have crossed or those recently imposed upon them? How are those who have crossed defined by ‘host’ populations; and with what new eyes do they view themselves in time and place, reworking their relationships to the times and spaces of both their ‘own’ and the ‘other side’? In order to answer these questions, we focus on borders that are embedded in specific political contexts, which we refer to throughout as ‘polity’ borders. These enclose and define areas controlled by national or supranational state authorities. They often appear as lines on a

in Migrating borders and moving times
Managing the criminal facets of war economies

:06 Page 93 Strengthening the rule of law reforms, and security sector reforms in particular, are now often characterised as development issues, as opposed to security or politically motivated initiatives. The normative impetus and apparently altruistic motivation on which the development industry rests has granted it greater legitimacy to enact reform in areas so closely associated with a state’s sovereignty. Despite this portrayal, these developmental reforms are used as both a carrot and a stick by international bodies as they aim to create liberal democracies in

in Building a peace economy?