Neil McNaughton

Institutions Issues concerning of the European women Union Institutions of the European Union 211 14 ➤ Introductory information concerning the study of institutions ➤ Analysis of the concepts used to assess the nature and operation of the institutions ➤ Descriptions of the role, composition and operation of the main institutions: the Commission, Parliament, Council of Ministers and Court of Justice ➤ Analysis of some of the problems and issues concerning the institutions ➤ Brief descriptions of the role of other, less central institutions of the EU PROBLEMS

in Understanding British and European political issues
Open Access (free)
Anarchist theory and practice in a global age

This book attempts to convey the different sociological contexts for how contemporary anarchist theory and practice is to be understood. It concentrates on the issue of broadening the parameters of how anarchist theory and practice is conceptualized. The book compares the major philosophical differences and strategies between the classical period (what Dave Morland calls 'social anarchism') and the contemporary anti-capitalist movements which he regards as being poststructuralist in nature. It also documents the emergence of the now highly influential anti-technological and anti-civilisational strand in anarchist thought. This offers something of a challenge to anarchism as a political philosophy of the Enlightenment, as well as to other contemporary versions of ecological anarchism and, to some extent, anarcho-communism. The book further provides a snapshot of a number of debates and critical positions which inform contemporary anarchist practice. The specific areas covered offer unique perspectives on sexuality, education, addiction and mental health aspects of socialisation and how this can be challenged at a number of different levels. The fact that anarchism has largely premised its critique on a psychological dimension to power relations, not just a material one, has been an advantage in this respect. Ecological anarchism, which has been the driving force behind much contemporary anarchist theory and practice, has been committed to thinking about the relationships between people and 'nature' in new ways.

Editors: Stan Metcalfe and Alan Warde

There has been increasing interest and debate in recent years on the instituted nature of economic processes in general and the related ideas of the market and the competitive process in particular. This debate lies at the interface between two largely independent disciplines, economics and sociology, and reflects an attempt to bring the two fields of discourse more closely together. This book explores this interface in a number of ways, looking at the competitive process and market relations from a number of different perspectives. It considers the social role of economic institutions in society and examines the various meanings embedded in the word 'markets', as well as developing arguments on the nature of competition as an instituted economic process. The close of the twentieth century saw a virtual canonisation of markets as the best, indeed the only really effective, way to govern an economic system. The market organisation being canonised was simple and pure, along the lines of the standard textbook model in economics. The book discusses the concepts of polysemy , idealism, cognition, materiality and cultural economy. Michael Best provides an account of regional economic adaptation to changed market circumstances. This is the story of the dynamics of capitalism focused on the resurgence of the Route 128 region around Boston following its decline in the mid-1980s in the face of competition from Silicon Valley. The book also addresses the question of how this resurgence was achieved.

The case of colonial India and Africa
C. A. Bayly

here to a spectrum of writers from Emmanuel Wallerstein, Andre Gunder Frank and William Easterly to Bill Warren and Niall Ferguson. But AJR also offer a challenge to the sort of bottom-up, archive-based, contextualized, regional and local investigations that are the staples of most historians. This is because the nature and genesis of ‘good’ institutions is inferred from a wide range of secondary literature and statistical correlations, rather than being tested against contemporary evidence, as social historians tend to do. Broadly, too, AJR’s major articles might

in History, historians and development policy
Open Access (free)
Neil McNaughton

The economy 1 ➤ The post-war background to economic policy making in Britain ➤ The nature of the post-war economic consensus ➤ The economic ‘revolution’ which took place under Margaret Thatcher after 1979 ➤ The movement away from Thatcherite policies in the 1990s ➤ The policies of the Labour government after 1997 POST-WAR OVERVIEW The end of Empire At the end of World War II it became clear that the best days of the British empire were over. For a number of reasons, policy makers had to face up to the fact that British economic prosperity could no longer rely

in Understanding British and European political issues
The United States Peace Corps in the early 1960s
Agnieszka Sobocinska

Corps was the subject of countless articles in newspapers and magazines, and featured on the television and on radio. It also intersected with popular culture: portrayed in plays, novels, cartoons, television sitcoms and game shows throughout the 1960s, the Peace Corps helped introduce America’s agenda for international development to a popular audience. This chapter explores the nature and effects of

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
The (un)predictability of modern consumption
Jukka Gronow

side is not symmetrical: the meanings and practices which the producers suggest do not necessarily find any adherence among the consumers who might invent totally new and unanticipated uses for these products. The Erlebnisrational consumer Gerhard Schulze’s study Die Erlebnisgesellschaft (1991), of a society emphasising subjectivity and inner experiences, includes many valuable insights and observations concerning the changing nature of modern consumption and the orientation of modern consumers. Basically an empirical research into the various consumer schemes and

in Qualities of food
Paul G. Lewis

has progressed in CEE in concrete terms, discusses some major points of contention that have arisen, and identifies the main conclusions from the debate so far. It will show how democratization has been viewed in the CEE context and the nature of the conceptual lens (or lenses) that have been deployed to chart developments in this area. Little attention will be given to the early stages of democratization and the question of why the movement towards democracy began in the first place. Instead, the focus is on contemporary aspects of democratization and the most

in Democratization through the looking-glass
Open Access (free)
Cameron Ross

and Southern Europe. From my reading of this literature three major schools can be identified. One school has focused on the preconditions necessary for the emergence of stable democracy: 1 modernisation, industrialisation, urbanisation, education, capitalism and wealth;2 2 the nature of classes and the class structure, with a focus on the positive role of the bourgeoisie or the proletariat;3 3 a democratic political culture and civil society;4 4 the importance of institutional factors,5 electoral systems,6 type of regime – parliamentary or presidential,7 the

in Federalism and democratisation in Russia
Thomas Docherty

text ‘always-already-read’ by elders/teachers such as Jameson is the text paralysed; and it is also the reader/student blinded, the cultural event or history arrested. Experience, life and death Football isn’t a matter of life and death; it’s much more important than that.17 In his famous ‘Theses on the philosophy of history’, Benjamin proposed what has become a major insight for contemporary criticism, when he indicates the doublesided nature of ‘cultural treasures’ that embody what we call ‘civilisation’. Famously, ‘There is no document of civilization which is

in The new aestheticism