find the necessities and satisfaction of life that they don’t
want to leave it’ (III: 904). For in addition to preventing luxury this system
would also ensure that ‘the whole world lives and nobody enriches himself’
It has been argued that all of Rousseau’s subsequent ideas were contained
in On Political Economy. One might equally argue that all his mature
thoughts reached their zenith in Projet du Corse, where he combined his
Spartan romance for rural austerity, a concern for the poor, a realist
understanding of international relations – and an understanding
The Orcherd of Syon, Titus and Vespasian, and Lydgate’s Siege of Thebes
The writer treats the narrative of Jerusalem’s fall as an occasion
for affective devotion, focused in particular on the theme of
vengeance. Critical assessment of the poem has primarily focused
on its relationship to the Siege of Jerusalem, with which it shares
anti-Semitic sentiment. Discussion of the poem has largely focused
on this element in the context of medieval Christian romance and
pious discourse, suggesting that it worked affectively to discourage
its audience from sympathizing with Jews.21 This research has
been critical for understanding
’s Pearl Harbor (2001) was no less popular, and revisited cinemas to much fanfare in the aftermath of 9/11.34
In the immediate 9/11 moment, a number of other films also
began to engage with complex narratives that promulgated the ‘good
war’, dedicated to notions of liberation, freedom, nation-building
and moral superiority, and which inadvertently or otherwise
became de rigueur as cultural bulwarks of the Bush administration’s agenda. Using classical moorings, the nobility and romance
of conflict was reaffirmed in Troy (Wolfgang Petersen, 2004),
Kingdom of Heaven
, the arguments with Richard Heffner at CARA about the
rating for the film, and the discomfort that the subject matter personally caused to Warner Bros.’ chair Bob Daly, left their marks on
Stone.30 It was a film that Hollywood found hard to accept, even
with its commercial success.31
Meanwhile, Tarantino accepted full payment for an original
screenplay that was typically uncompromising and resonant of
his debut cult hit, Reservoir Dogs (1992) from two years before, as
well as his much-touted script for what became Tony Scott’s True
Romance (1993). With the critical
and Katy Price, Loving Faster than Light:
Romance and Readers in Einstein’s Universe ( Chicago, Ill. : University of Chicago Press,
See Hight, Picturing Modernism , pp. 56–94;
and Ades, Photomontage , pp. 148–50.
Hight, Picturing Modernism , p. 70; and
, ‘Advertising: The Magic System’,
in Problems of Materialism and Culture: Selected Essays ( London and New York : Verso, 1997), pp.
170–95, at p. 182. Katy Price explained this shift is termed the
‘Northcliffe revolution’, after Lord Northcliffe (Alfred Harmsworth);
Katy Price, Loving Faster than Light: Romance and Readers in
Einstein’s Universe ( Chicago, Ill. :
University of Chicago Press, 2012), p. 6
’Connell criticised ‘the romance of the Emigration Report’ [Horton’s of
1827] but later served on a select committee which approved Wakefield’s
ideas, and urged the government to implement them in a speech in
1837; O’Connell to Pierce Mahony, 17 [and 19] Sept. 1828, in Maurice
R. O’Connell, The Correspondence of Daniel O’Connell (8 vols, Dublin,
1972–80), iii, pp. 406–10; Report from the select committee on the disposal
of lands in the British colonies; together with the minutes of evidence, and
appendix, p. 1, H.C. 1836 (512), xi, 499; Speech to House of Commons,
28 Apr. 1837
), a personal reminiscence which combined jingoism with criticism of army bureaucracy and Gilbert Frankau, Peter Jackson,
Cigar Merchant: a Romance of Married Life (London, 1920), a patriotic war novel which
reflected the stance of its author.
WAAC, The Woman’s Story of the War (London, 1930), p. 35.
May Sinclair, Journal of Impressions in Belgium (London, 1915), p. 16.
Helen Zenna Smith (pseud. of Evadne Price), Not So Quiet: Stepdaughters of War (New
York, 1989, first published 1930), pp. 30–1.
Ibid., pp. 163–4.
Ibid., pp. 216–17.
Mary Borden, The Forbidden Zone
Treatment , p.
‘Algeria: The Land of Romance’, Times
supplement, p. xxvi.
Charles Brody, ‘Technique de Brody’, in
Charles Brody (ed.), Traité d’hélio- et d’actinologie: physique –
biologie – thérapeutique , 2 vols. ( Paris : Maloine, 1938), vol. I, pp
: The Collected Works, p. 1267.
214 Parry, The Golden Age, p. 45.
215 ‘Thomas Middleton’s The Triumphs of Truth’, p. 17.
Pageantry and power
216 Watanabe-O’Kelly, ‘Early modern European festivals’, p. 23.
217 Smuts, ‘Public ceremony’, p. 67. I will return to this issue at greater
length in the next chapter.
218 ‘Introduction to Monuments of Honour’, p. 231.
219 Watt, Cheap Print, p. 330. As an illustration of her point, Munday’s
medieval-style ‘romances’, some of which were ﬁrst published in the
1580s, were still being reprinted well into the 1660s.
220 In 1604