Melissa Dickson, Emilie Taylor-Brown, and Sally Shuttleworth
widespread anxiety about the vitality of the BritishEmpire and concerns about imperial over-reaching, as well as fears of the revolt of an apparently unruly, ungovernable, and newly enfranchised urban population. The metaphoric associations of the cancerous growth resonated in many colonial contexts, as doctors who reflected on medicine in non-European contexts became particularly engaged with the conceptualisation of certain races as more or less prone to the disease, and therefore as more or less ‘modern’. Commentators on the domestic ‘cancer epidemic’ perceived its
The ‘pathology’ of childhood in late nineteenth-century London
Catherine W.'s ‘home is quite unfit for an invalid’ and she only ever was seen ‘wearing one dirty garment’ were not uncommon.
The institutional concerns about these girls were directly related to broader ideas about what it meant to be ‘modern’: in the near future there was a strong possibility that they would be responsible for their own households and their progeny would be the men and women that the BritishEmpire relied on as industrial workers and members of the armed forces.
Childhood and the
Luard – a
woman with a strong and resolute character – as the victim of propaganda; and yet, like other members of her class, she was steeped in the
values of her time – values that emphasised valour, self-sacrifice, and
service to the BritishEmpire.21
In 1915, when the First World War was still in its early stages,
Luard published her first memoir. Her book was compiled from a
series of ‘journal’ entries written for her family, and mailed home to
Birch Rectory. Luard had been an avid letter-writer since first leaving home, addressing her frequent letters sometimes
; it begins by briefly considering the culture of textual production that surrounds both the period in question and also Anglo-Indian
society of nineteenth-century Britain, outlining the significance of the
diary format itself to female authors and medical practitioners in colonial India and the wider BritishEmpire at this time.
The chapter then considers specific printed accounts of female
participants from the Siege of Lucknow, particularly those of Colina
Brydon, Emily Polehampton, Georgina Harris and Lady Julia Inglis,
analysing how these women
years, the reality for Aboriginal Australians was very different. Massacres were rife throughout the country with little, if any, retribution against the offenders. Warne estimates that, at a conservative
estimate, 10,000 Aboriginal people died violently in Queensland during this time.21 Land owners who were expanding the BritishEmpire
through agriculture and cattle development believed that the land was
theirs for the taking. They paid little or no regard to Aboriginal clans
and nations who had lived on the land for more than 40,000 years.22
There are many
Rafferty detail the establishment of
the Colonial Nursing Association that began in 1896 to recruit British
nurses for work across the BritishEmpire.11 Both colonial nurses
and missionaries established nursing education projects in Nigeria,
each based on the European model that centred on hospital training. Nigerian students worked under the guidance of white European
nurses. The British erected the first government hospital in Calabar in
the southeast, and by 1914, twenty-six medical facilities and one leprosy asylum were in existence.12 It must be noted here that
Balance, malleability and anthropology: historical contexts
Fitzgerald and Callard, ‘Social science and neuroscience’, p. 16.
E. Linstrum, Ruling Minds: Psychology and the BritishEmpire (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2016).
C. Millard, ‘Using personal experience in the academic medical
these programmes. The medical civil service headed by the Ministry and the Scottish Office began to centralise immunisation policy further than it had done in previous decades. They did so within a global network of knowledge, coloured by the decline of the BritishEmpire and the United Kingdom's new role in the international community. Britain's national interests therefore extended beyond the immediate medical and public health debates.
Through a series of examples, this chapter explores how concerns over the nation were expressed. First, two outbreaks in England
, Death of a Hero
(London: Hogarth, 1984 ); Graves, Goodbye to All That; Sassoon,
Memoirs of a Fox-Hunting Man.
47 Vera Brittain, Testament of Experience: An Autobiographical Story of the Years
1925–1950 (London: Fontana, 1980 ): 77. See also: Christine E. Hallett,
Veiled Warriors: Allied Nurses of the First World War (Oxford: Oxford
University Press, 2014): 1–4.
48 Mary Britnieva, One Woman’s Story (London: Arthur Baker, 1934).
49 Michelle Smith, ‘Adventurous Girls of the BritishEmpire: The Pre-War
Novels of Bessie Marchant’, The Lion and the Unicorn
life and expression. A growing generation of grammar-school-educated
critical thinkers was finally able to challenge the authority of
traditional models of social progress and evolutionary development
espoused by authorities such as Cyril Burt. On the international
stage, the BritishEmpire was in its death throes. Harold
Macmillan’s ‘Winds of Change’ speech to the