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Language, lies and the crisis of representation in Such a Long Journey
Peter Morey

turbulent year of the struggle between what were then East and West Pakistan, which eventually drew in India and culminated in a brief, two week war and the creation of Bangladesh. However, it also harks back to the political history of India in the 1960s, the decade that saw the death of Jawaharlal Nehru, who had led India to independence from Britain and become its first Prime Minister, and the accession of his daughter Indira Gandhi. Events in the 1960s – including the Indo-Chinese War, the sudden death of Nehru’s successor Lal Bahadur Shastri, superpower meddling, and

in Rohinton Mistry
Open Access (free)
Representations of Irish political leaders in the ‘Haughey’ plays of Carr, Barry and Breen
Anthony Roche

their forces and the self-slaughter of both men. The result for Haughey of the 1989 election was coalition with the Progressive Democrats, the party founded by former Fianna Fáil politicians unhappy with his leadership; and it is they who would finally walk away in the face of the various scandals that emerged. Haughey was never tempted to fall on his sword, as the two Romans (and indeed Othello) had done. Instead, he liked to quote the example of the Chinese emperors who stayed in power until they were ninety. Mara warns Haughey in the play that he ‘shouldn’t have

in Irish literature since 1990
Open Access (free)
Convergence, emergence and divergence
Simon Parry

1961 and then in Peter Drucker’s notion that, since the Second World War, the USA had transformed from ‘an economy of goods’ into a ‘knowledge economy’ (1971, 263). This notion subsequently became a matter of consensus among major political leaders around the world even as it fuelled international competition. In Bill Clinton’s Fifth State of the Union Address (1997), he outlined an education policy to equip US students ‘to succeed in the knowledge economy of the twenty-first century’ citing the importance of access to the internet. The Chinese president Jiang Zemin

in Science in performance
Colonialism, Jewishness and politics in Bacon’s New Atlantis
Claire Jowitt

the authenticity and credibility of his narrative. In the 1620s Europeans still did not know the scope of America. French and English colonial outposts were dotted in a piecemeal fashion along North America’s eastern coastline, and the Portuguese and Spanish in particular had established sizeable settlements in South America.13 Indeed, the occasion for the New Atlantis is its accidental discovery by Spanish tars attempting to sail from Peru to China and Japan. However, America’s Western coastline and, in particular, the continent’s interior, had only been sketchily

in Francis Bacon’s <i>New Atlantis</i>
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Ezra Pound
David Herd

provided one such situation, the troubadours’ proximity to power, and the patronage of power, offering a model, or at least a historical consolation, to Pound. A better model, however, or at least an aesthetically more promising one, was the Chinese as mediated by Fenollosa and presented by Pound in 1915 as Cathay. The poems of Cathay are beautiful in many ways it would be a pleasure to expand on at length, but in ways also that probably do not need rehearsing here. Except to observe that more than any work in early Pound, with the exception of ‘The Seafarer’, ‘Near

in Enthusiast!
Open Access (free)
Irish drama since 1990
Clare Wallace and Ondrej Pilný

like Mark O’Rowe’s Howie the Rookie (1999) and Made in China (2001), and Enda Walsh’s Disco Pigs (1996) and Sucking Dublin (1997). Such a list can only begin to suggest the range of possible inflections of contemporary experience, anxieties and conditions to be found in Irish drama today. Practitioners and performance A focus on the state of playwriting alone can give a somewhat distorted picture of Irish theatre as a whole. Theatre cannot belong solely to writers no matter how brilliant their work may be; it necessarily encompasses all the other agents and agencies

in Irish literature since 1990
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Ecopoetics, enjoyment and ecstatic hospitality
Kate Rigby

from cold-dry to warm-dry and water became scarcer at the end of last glacial maximum (Musser 2014). ‘Ecological civilisation’ is a Chinese concept with roots in Taoist philosophy that Mathews has been studying for several years, in collaboration with colleagues in China. Mathews currently holds the position of Adjunct Professor of Eco-Civilisation Studies at Monash University’s Institute of Sustainability. For an overview, see Rigby (2006). On Romanticism and ecocriticism, see Rigby (2014). Clare’s attention to species-specific Umwelten is also discussed by

in Literature and sustainability
Anu Koivunen, Katariina Kyrölä, and Ingrid Ryberg

representing vulnerable trans lives. Gondouin et  al.’s chapter on the TV series Top of the Lake:  China Girl (Australia, Jane Campion, 2017)  sheds light on the conflicting discourses of reproductive rights and reproductive justice, and how white and non-​white vulnerabilities carry different affective weights in popular narratives about transnational commercial surrogacy. In addition to the human rights discourse on vulnerability as an issue of structural differences between groups and exposure to risks, the proliferation of the language of vulnerability is also evident in

in The power of vulnerability
Open Access (free)
Holly Dugan

with the East than with the classical past. As early as the ninth century, Persia imported musk from the Tonkin region of Tibet and China through dedicated ‘musk routes’, routes similar to those of the Silk routes but connecting central and east Asia with the medieval Islamic world.12 From the Arabic misk, Persian mushk, and probably from the Sanskrit mushká for ‘scrotum’, musk was harvested from adult male deer, one of several species of Moschus, which produced musk in a vesicle near its genitals. Inside the vesicle, the animal’s glandular secretions formed

in The senses in early modern England, 1558–1660
Paul Salzman

Hythlodaeus. The actual narrative of the New Atlantis simply begins: ‘We sailed from Peru, (where we had continued by the space of one whole year), for China and Japan, by the South Sea; taking with us victuals for twelve months; and had good winds from the east, though soft and weak, for five months’ space and more’ (457). Here we have the typical beginning of many a travel narrative. For example, ‘The Discovery of Guiana’, by Sir Walter Ralegh, in Richard Hakluyt’s influential collection of English voyages, opens: ‘On Thursday the 6. of February in the yere 1595. we

in Francis Bacon’s <i>New Atlantis</i>