Contemporary civilisational analysis has emerged in the post-Cold War period as a forming but already controversial field of scholarship. This book focuses on the scholarship produced in this field since the 1970s. It begins with anthropological axioms posited by Ibn Khaldun, Simon Bolivar and George Pachymeres. Three conceptual images of civilisations are prominent in the field. First, civilisations are conceived as socio-cultural units, entities or blocs in an 'integrationist' image. They emerge out of long-term uneven historical processes. Finally, in a 'relational' image civilisations are believed to gain definition and institute developmental patterns through inter-societal and inter-cultural encounters. The book traces the history of semantic developments of the notions of 'civilisation' and 'civilisations' coextensive with the expansion of Europe's empires and consubstantial with colonialism. Early modernities are more important in the long formation of capitalism. Outlining the conceptual framework of inter-civilisational engagement, the book analytically plots the ties instituted by human imaginaries across four dimensions of inter-civilisational engagement. It also interrogates the relationship between oceans, seas and civilisations. Oceanian civilisation exhibits patterns of deep engagement and connection. Though damaged, Pacific cultures have invoked their own counter-imaginary in closer proximity to past islander experiences. Collective memory provides resources for coping with critical issues. The book also explores Latin American and Japanese experiences that shed light on the engagement of civilisations, applying the model of inter-civilisational engagement to modern perspectives in culture and the arts, politics, theology and political economy.
Colonial Caring covers over a century of colonial nursing by nurses from a wide range of countries including: Denmark, Britain, USA, Holland and Italy; with the colonised countries including South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Ethiopia, Nigeria, India, Indonesia (Dutch East Indies) and the Danish West Indies. It presents unique perspectives from which to interrogate colonialism and post-colonialism including aspects of race, cultural difference and implications of warfare and politics upon nursing. Viewing nursing’s development under colonial and post-colonial rule reveals different faces of a profession that superficially may appear to be consistent and coherent, yet in reality is constantly reinventing itself. Considering such areas as transnational relationships, class, gender, race and politics, this book aims to present current work in progress within the field, to better understand the complex entanglements in nursing’s development as it was imagined and practised in local imperial, colonial and post-colonial contexts. Taking a chronologically-based structure, early chapters examine nursing in situations of conflict in the post-Crimean period from the Indian Rebellion to the Anglo-Boer War. Recruitment, professionalisation of nursing and of military nursing in particular, are therefore considered before moving deeper into the twentieth century reflecting upon later periods of colonialism in which religion and humanitarianism become more central. Drawing from a wide range of sources from official documents to diaries, memoirs and oral sources, and using a variety of methodologies including qualitative and quantitative approaches, the book represents ground-breaking work.
Padmore was inducted into politics in the USA and through
Communism, though from the outset he was fired by the injustices of race
and colonialism. In his early commitments no moment of equivocation is
apparent. By 1928 he was prominent within the milieu of Harlem
Communism, and when he travelled to Moscow he went as an expert on the
colonial and racial question. His main task was to direct RILU
England and the permanent national debt that
stretched English money beyond the limitations of gold and silver
coinage. The move also anchored the emergence of an international
credit system based on sterling and the capitalization of colonialism.
The new paper currency issues remained linked to a metallic substance
during this period, but the tether was extended so that the value of
paper notes in circulation was never fully backed by the metallic horde
at the Bank of England and other provincial banks that would spring
up during the Industrial Revolution. With varying
Colonialism, Jewishness and politics in Bacon’s New Atlantis
Colonialism, Jewishness and politics
‘Books will speak plain’?
Colonialism, Jewishness and politics
in Bacon’s New Atlantis
Francis Bacon’s Of Counsel (1625) asserts that ‘Books will speak
plain when counsellors blanch.’1 In other words, a counsellor –
even one like Bacon, languishing on the margins of political
favour – will find it easier to offer advice to his prince through
the medium of the written word. A counsellor can give better
advice away from the intimidating presence of his monarch.
Bacon’s statement in Of Counsel provides a
Ontologies of connection, reconstruction of memory
Jeremy C.A. Smith
migration. Through voyaging and migration,
islander societies expanded, creating and sustaining zones of engagement for
millennia before Europeans came. Travel stimulated an imaginary of exchange,
the second theme. Exchange cannot be understood with a utilitarian mindset;
it is rather an expression of relationship, association and alliance –engagement
broadly speaking. The third theme is the new world context. European colonialism conjoined the Pacific to other civilisations in more extensive engagement.
This was a violent and disordering historical experience for the
geographers’ oft-times support of empire builders, I approach the
history of the IODE from a post-colonial critique of the construction of
colonialism. 4 The shifting location of Anglo-Canadian identity
is a continual theme. I follow Homi Bhabha when he writes of the need to
‘think beyond narratives of originary and initial subjectivities
and to focus on those moments or processes that are produced in the
in Paris. Alioune Diop, in his opening speech, and Senghor, in his,
likened the congress to a ‘second Bandung’. The Bandung
Conference in 1955, convened by the newly independent Asian states and
attended by delegates from elsewhere in Asia and Africa asserted their
opposition to any form of colonialism and imperialism. The Paris
Congress of Negro Writers not only declared its opposition to
. Unprecedented waves of migration
to and within the Atlantic world patterned the institution of American societies.
Colonialism structured migration in Asia even more than in the second period.
Tens of millions of indentured contract labourers moved. Some returned to their
countries of origin; many joined new communities that became entrenched over
time. Chinese and Indian traders were prominent in dealings with the new colonisers and lived in enclave communities of their own, whether within Asia and
the Pacific or in southern or eastern Africa. Distinctly new migratory routes
Caribbean migration to Britain brought many new things—new music, new foods, new styles. It brought new ways of thinking too. This book explores the intellectual ideas that the West Indians brought with them to Britain. It shows that, for more than a century, West Indians living in Britain developed a dazzling intellectual critique of the codes of Imperial Britain. Chapters discuss the influence of, amongst others, C. L. R. James, Una Marson, George Lamming, Jean Rhys, Claude McKay and V. S. Naipaul. The contributors draw from many different disciplines to bring alive the thought and personalities of the figures they discuss, providing a picture of intellectual developments in Britain from which we can still learn much. The introduction argues that the recovery of this Caribbean past, on the home territory of Britain itself, reveals much about the prospects of multiracial Britain.