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A Congolese Experience
Justine Brabant

different angle are two approaches that I am attempting to explore; both seem promising, but will have little impact if not accompanied by reflexivity. Notes 1 This text is drawn from my presentation at the 22 March 2019 symposium entitled Violences extrêmes: enquêter, secourir, juger Syrie, Rwanda, RDC [Extreme violence: investigate, rescue, judge

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Arjun Claire

–5). Témoignage , here, was not only an act of speaking out against state violence, but also an act of resistance against complicity with the notorious practices of the Ethiopian state. As cold war binaries collapsed in the 1990s, long-suppressed grievances erupted in the form of civil wars, posing new challenges to the stability of nation states. States retaliated viciously: from Iraqi Kurdistan to Rwanda, Bosnia, Kosovo and Chechnya, civilians came under increasing fire. Amid such

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Sara Wong

Post-Conflict Recovery , arts and culture can play an impactful role in peacebuilding efforts. Their review of arts and cultural programmes across Colombia, Rwanda and Syria identified the following key benefits of such programmes in (post)conflict settings: ‘community engagement; skills for employment; inclusive development; therapeutic interventions; social cohesion; and voice and agency’ ( Baily, 2019 : 4). Although hopeful about the prospect of creative engagement

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Corporations, Celebrities and the Construction of the Entrepreneurial Refugee Woman
Annika Bergman Rosamond
Catia Gregoratti

environment to enable refugee girls to recover from what they have seen and lived through’ ( Rigou, 2018 ). The intended beneficiaries of that healing and emancipatory strategy are African girls and young women (aged between 13 and 23) from countries such as Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Somalia and Sudan. Each year the RefuSHE initiative stages an annual fashion challenge in Chicago which brings together

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles
Rony Brauman

Cold War, which is endangering both humanitarian teams and the operations they conduct. References to ‘before’ have been heard since the mid-1990s, in the wake of the Bosnian War and the Tutsi genocide. The mass killings in Bosnia and Rwanda – coming on the heels of the Somali and Liberian civil wars – created a landscape of widespread violence, ‘anarchic conflicts’ in which not even humanitarian workers or journalists were safe. People stressed the contrast with earlier

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Sophie Roborgh

participants for their time and involved participation. Laetitia Atlani-Duault gracefully provided comments on earlier drafts and guidance for further exploration. Gratitude is also owed to the editors of the special issue, and anonymous reviewers. An earlier draft was presented at the ‘Violences Extrêmes – Enquêter, secourir, juger – Syrie/Rwanda/RDC’ conference, organised by Fondation Maison des Sciences de l’Homme and CRASH. I thank organisers, other presenters and attendees

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lisette R. Robles

Creation of Human Capital ’, American Journal of Sociology , 94 : Supplement , S95 – S120 . Colletta , N. J. and Cullen , M. L. ( 2000 ), The Nexus between Violent Conflict, Social Capital and Social Cohesion: Case Studies from Cambodia and Rwanda ( Washington, DC : World Bank

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Swati Mehta Dhawan
Julie Zollmann

along with a small number of refugees from Sudan, Uganda and Rwanda. Two-Tier Finance in Jordan A Broader Paradigm of Exclusion Jordan’s refugee policies have been shaped by the multiple waves of refugees it has received, including from Palestine (1948), Iraq (1979, 1991, 2003 and 2014–15) and Syria (2011–12) ( Lenner, 2020 ). Over time, refugees also arrived from Yemen, Sudan, Somalia and other African

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps
Lasse Heerten
Arua Oko Omaka
Kevin O'Sullivan
, and
Bertrand Taithe

earlier the United Nations and the ‘international community’ had been involved and had significantly failed to stop the conflict. I think that there is a sort of a reactive dimension which has been evoked later on in international interventions in Africa in relation to Somalia and Rwanda, for example. Namely that once the international community fails in one part of Africa, it tends to neglect the next conflict usually with disastrous consequences. Do you think there’s an

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Marta Iñiguez de Heredia

oppression and colonial conquest (Dunn 2002: 55). As noted in Chapter 3, Kabila had been a member of Lumumba’s cabinet and fought with Pierre Mulele, who led one of the biggest revolts against Mobutu and was a driving force for the creation of the Simba and Mai Mai popular militias in the 1960s.2 During the 1996 and 1998 wars, Mai Mai militias generally fought on the side of the Government to repel the RCD rebellion and the Rwandan, Ugandan and Burundian invasions. However, they remained autonomous from the army, and since the transition most groups have developed an anti

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making