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Open Access (free)
Confronting relativism in Serbia and Croatia
David Bruce MacDonald

authoritarian government. While it is tempting to call Finkielkraut a hypocrite, it is possible that he truly believed the propaganda stories coming out of Croatia at that time. Much of this information was very persuasive. Perhaps he truly thought that the Croats were suffering from genocide, and saw the practical implications of using Holocaust imagery to highlight their suffering to the world. It is more likely, however, that Finkielkraut became opportunistic, and thought the dissolution of Yugoslavia a good time for him to write a J’accuse type of essay, in the style of

in Balkan holocausts?
Joe Turner

directed at fostering this family through often-violent forms of capital accumulation and authoritarian government. This intensified already violent racial demarcations around a more explicit protection and fostering of capital interests in colonies and in further linking the metropole with white settler interests. ‘Family’ here functioned as more than a metaphor; it was an integral aspect of empire-making. Threats to family order could shape and justify how populations were governed. In 1865, black communities in Morant Bay, Jamaica, began an anti-colonial insurrection

in Bordering intimacy
P. Terrence Hopmann

into the institutions of the state are together the best long-run guarantors of peace. Examples include Estonia and Latvia, where the OSCE played a significant role on behalf of large minorities of ethnic Russian denied citizenship rights in these Baltic states; indeed, these missions achieved sufficient results so that they were closed down at the end of 2001. Furthermore, the OSCE has embarked since 1998 upon an effort to defend democracy in Belarus against an authoritarian government that has reversed that country’s early postSoviet progress in the field of

in Limiting institutions?
Open Access (free)
Robert Mackay

/09/02, 09:23 26 PROSPECT AND REALITY ‘the ordinary person in England would be less unhappy after a Nazi victory than if he or she lost their sons, lovers or husbands’. Nicolson commented: ‘He thinks only of the greatest happiness of the greatest number, and accuses me of national and spiritual pride.’14 The only comfort the nation’s leaders could take from the situation was that by 1939 there was some evidence that pacifism had passed its peak. The failure of the League of Nations to deter the authoritarian governments from acts of aggression or effectively to punish

in Half the battle
Open Access (free)
Issues, debates and an overview of the crisis
Shalendra D. Sharma

GDP ratio to 46% in 1997, the highest in the region.” Haggard (2000, 49) defines a veto gate as an institution that has the power to veto a policy proposal, thus forcing a reversion to the status quo. Veto gates can include the president, the legislature, a second chamber of the legislature, a committee within a legislature, or the courts. In authoritarian governments, they may include the military. The preferences of these veto gates may be more or less closely aligned: thus the president and the legislature may represent distinct veto gates, but may either be of

in The Asian financial crisis
Open Access (free)
Crisis, reform and recovery
Shalendra D. Sharma

more on political than economic considerations. In essence, the Korean state quickly relented and acceded to the demands and imperatives of the private sector. As Kang (2000, 91) notes: Even under the semi-authoritarian governments of Chun Doo Hwan and Roh Tae Woo, the balance of power between the state and the chaebol was slipping in favor of the latter. When Chun and Roh attempted, each in his own way, to check the abuses of the chaebol in response to public resentment, they found it difficult to do. For instance, when Roh launched an anti-big business campaign, Koo

in The Asian financial crisis