Open Access (free)
Confronting relativism in Serbia and Croatia
David Bruce MacDonald

standard of oppression’, to quote Finkielkraut, have become readily available to other groups. Our tendency to see the Nazis as the ultimate manifestation of secular evil, and the Jews as the paradigm of the victim, has given nations a template within which to structure and understand their national histories. The frequent use of the terms ‘Holocaust’, ‘death camps’, ‘death marches’, ‘exoduses’, and ‘pogroms’ highlighted the victimised qualities of Serbs and Croats. These were combined with distinctly Christian images – ‘Calvary’, ‘way of the cross’, and ‘crucifixion

in Balkan holocausts?
David Bruce MacDonald

Serbiancontrolled Yugoslavia instigated a series of agricultural reforms in Bosnia. One academic described these reforms as ‘genocide against Bosniacs’, when some 1.2 million hectares of land were confiscated from wealthy Bosnian families, without adequate compensation. In this account, ‘homelessness’ and ‘genocide’ amounted to the same thing.62 This ‘genocide’ (or land redistribution) was designed to allow some 200,000 Serbian families to ‘colonise’ Bosnia, thereby destroying the demographic balance of the region. The Serbs were further accused of implementing a ‘death march’ in

in Balkan holocausts?
Yehonatan Alsheh

killing factory, in which the high-pressure slaughter characteristic of the battlefield and the slaughter pit takes place almost daily over a long duration of time • normal, ‘everyday life’ sites turned sites of mass death such as: oo the village oo the urban setting oo the bombarded area • but also non-bounded sites of mass death over extended time spans, in which the survivors are forced to move on, leaving the corpses behind, such as the trail marched during forced expulsions and death marches • and last but far from being least, societies on their own territory

in Human remains and mass violence