and uproot earlyexperiences of hunger, violence,
hurt, death, abandonment and neglect in ways enabling therapeutic healing.
This chapter asks what makes the traumatised and vulnerable super-rich
white man appealing as a heterosexual fantasy figure. In order to unravel
vulnerability as both a fantasy that lends the series much of its commercial power and a narrative instrument deployed in character building, I first
examine the use of generic romance and erotica conventions (e.g. Radway,
1984; Snitow, 1983) as well as the gendered forms of affective labour that
be a good
thing. As Gavin Lambert said at the time: ‘There is a splendour
about this film, which has one of the most absurdly extravagant plots on
record, and never flinches from it.’
As well as the energy of the visual style, what also
marks out Losey’s English films at this time is what one might
call his American ‘baggage’ – his background and earlyexperience in American
Obama, Trump and the Asia Pacific political economy
protectionist sentiment by mobilising export interests (e.g. large transnational firms), and promising to open markets abroad. 22 Market access abroad was the hegemonic response to protectionist pressure at home. The TPP, by offering to US multinationals the promise of state-of-the-art liberalisation in the global economy’s most dynamic region, did just that.
Trump: From hegemony to balancing?
Any analysis that extrapolates enduring foreign policy patterns from the earlyexperience of a new administration must proceed with caution. In the case of President Trump
’s relational aesthetics in the work that follows, I am accepting his perspective that making art could be a ‘proposal to live in a shared world’ ( 2002 : 22). This, in turn, suggests a rethinking of some existing community-based theatre practices.
Ethics of care
We have all experienced care, perhaps of varying quality, in order to grow and enter adulthood. Of course since this earlyexperience, many adults might also have taken on caregiving roles supporting others, whether children and other family or friends, or patients and clients, and similarly they might have been
‘phantasies’ in relation to
their earlyexperiences that led them to repress or divert internal
forces and drives, which could manifest problems in later life.
Isaacs claimed that from the moment an infant experienced an
instinctual urge, he also had the capacity to think about that urge
and to imagine the direction it may take. If an instinctual drive
was frustrated, then the infant
The short history of Indian doctors in the Colonial Medical Service, British East Africa
Anna Greenwood and Harshad Topiwala
the socio-medical worlds they
faced); district medical reports are also very useful (see below,
note 33). Very earlyexperiences are recorded in BL
IOR/L/MIL/7/12673, H.D. Masani, Report on the Health of the Mombasa
Force, including 24th Bombay Infantry, 3 June 1896 and BL IOR/
MIL/7/14462: 1899–1901, Collection 323/40 Promotion of Uganda
Railway Hospital Assistant Rahmat Ali
Balance, malleability and anthropology: historical contexts
the above-mentioned discussions of adaptation and evolution, to the varied concepts of psychoanalysis, where earlyexperiences are said to mould future character and pathology to an enormous extent. This emerges very clearly in child guidance.
It is also evident in some strands of sociology – even as part of those ideas that deploy concepts of culture as a measure of civilisation.
What I am arguing instead, is that an
brief account of Kate Luard’s
earlyexperiences of the First World War, see: Christine E. Hallett, Veiled
Warriors: Allied Nurses of the First World War (Oxford: Oxford University
Press, 2014): Chapter 1.
25 Anon., Diary of a Nursing Sister: 52–3. On nursing work on hospital trains,
see: Hallett, Veiled Warriors: Chapter 1.
26 Anon., Diary of a Nursing Sister: 88–90.
27 Anon., Diary of a Nursing Sister: 206.
28 Anon., Diary of a Nursing Sister: 212.
29 Vera Brittain, Testament of Youth: An Autobiographical Study of the Years
1900–1925 (London: Virago Press, 2004
life, but it does not receive extended
attention beyond Small Beer. In the ‘Guide to Stage Management’, Dolan
describes her integral role in the evolution of drama work at New Hall,
before providing technical specifications for the theatre space. When
assessing how West End work is used, the final page of the Foreword to
this volume is of particular interest. Here, it is made explicit that earlyexperience has been translated into clear lines of practice, to enhance
personal authority as a teacher and producer. The Foreword concludes
‘Winifred Dolan, Newnham Paddox
respondents, grammar schools4 do offer a form of selective education
which is (largely) not based on financial status. The following section
will discuss how, just as earlierexperiences of schools in an area can
influence parents’ perceptions, the respondents’ own experience in
different sectors within the educational landscape sometimes shaped
their views of the available choices, particularly in relation to grammar schools.
Selective education: grammar schools
None of the three areas in which the parents lived had selective grammar schools.5 However, in all three areas