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Demand-side abundance and its discontents in Hungary during the long 1960s
György Péteri

’ in the newly (re)launched Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review) in December 1954 (Péter, 1954). There has been a fair number of publications on Péter’s essays of the 1950s and later, and on his contributions to the ideas underlying the economic reforms and reform economics of the 1960s Consumer and consumerism under state socialism 15 (Szamuely, 1986; Árvay et al., 1994). What I focus on here is what he wrote about the consumer. Péter thought it important to take a step beyond what was soon to become the ‘standard list’ of critical complaints against the

in Overwhelmed by overflows?
Open Access (free)
War economies, peace economies and transformation
Jenny H. Peterson

, gender empowerment, demobilisation, disarmament and reintegration (DDR) of ex-combatants along with a multitude of other programmes are implemented with the aim of preventing future conflict, rebuilding what was destroyed during conflict, and creating new processes and relationships which will prevent a return to violence. At the centre of this peacebuilding agenda is the need to create modes of economic interaction which facilitate and support peace. Economic reform involves a wide variety of practices, from macro-economic stabilisation programming led by institutions

in Building a peace economy?
Open Access (free)
Neil McNaughton

neo-liberal economic reforms of the 1980s and 1990s resulted in fundamental changes in the UK economy. 2 Assess the view that Gordon Brown is a cautious rather than a radical Chancellor of the Exchequer. 3 How much consensus on economic policy now exists in the British political system?

in Understanding British and European political issues
An assessment of EU development aid policies
William Brown

avoid the often conflictual and coercive nature of conditionality as practised by the Bretton Woods institutions, where recalcitrant governments were cajoled into reluctantly signing agreements over economic reform. In particular, it sought to ensure that, as far as conditionality operated, it would be pursued in partnership with the ACP countries. It also wished to assuage ACP concerns that adjustment conditionality should not dominate the whole Lomé process by declaring that ‘traditional’ aid (project and long-term development aid) would be protected and remain

in EU development cooperation
M. Anne Brown

China – in particular the climate of increasing economic expectation and uncertainty coupled with growing political openness and underlying dissension, within the leadership and the population, on the structure of the state and the nature and scope of political and economic reform. China’s leadership, certainly in the 1980s, was deeply divided. These divisions, however, were not solely a matter of generational cleavage and succession, or of the factionalism of court politics, although these elements were powerful enough. Rather, they were

in Human rights and the borders of suffering
Open Access (free)
Liberal reform and the creation of new conflict economies
Jenny H. Peterson

one of the key responsibilities of municipal authorities (Riinvest, 2002). From the 1960s until the 1980s, SOEs played a key role in the socio-economic development of the region. Yugoslavia remained a ‘regional industrial power and economic success . . . annual GDP growth averaged 6.1 percent, medical care was free, the literacy rate was of the order of 91 percent, and average life expectancy was 72 years’ (Chossudovsky, 1997: 376 referring to World Bank, 1991). However, in the early 1980s a series of economic reforms coupled with high levels of debt due to

in Building a peace economy?
Open Access (free)
Crisis, reform and recovery
Shalendra D. Sharma

presidential oath for a single five-year term on February 25, 1993, this marked an important political milestone for Korea, as Kim was the first civilian to be democratically elected in thirtytwo years. No doubt, the Kim regime (February 1993 to February 1998), was in a far stronger position than that of his immediate predecessor to implement political and economic reforms.29 Indeed, in the political arena, the Kim government introduced a number of measures to eradicate further authoritarian legacies of the past. For example, the government tried to reduce the military

in The Asian financial crisis
Simone de Beauvoir and a Global Theory of Feminist Recognition
Monica Mookherjee

globalization. As transparent understanding between self and other might always be elusive, the aim must be to embrace this ambiguity, and to recognize that the empowerment of distant others is not only a matter of economic reforms or asserting a charter of rights. As Martha Nussbaum ( 1997 ) observes, the cosmopolitan desire to respond to common humanity must be combined with a concern

in Recognition and Global Politics
John Narayan

proposals deserve attention and serve as an example of how Dewey believed reforms could bring forth a greater array of democratic habits that would facilitate the practice of creative democracy. However, for the purposes of our exposition of a ‘global’ Dewey, in this and the next chapter, I want to focus on the concrete lessons Dewey put forward on how to achieve democracy at home and abroad and how both spheres of democracy were intertwined. In this chapter, I specifically want to focus on Dewey’s ideas about the economic reforms needed to facilitate what he called

in John Dewey
Witnessing, retribution and domestic reform
John Borneman

John Borneman 3 and wealth from the historically less well-off to the better-off. The legitimation of postsocialist states has not been less contingent on their new re-redistributive schemes than on democratic and economic reforms. In places like Russia, however, capital re-redistribution to the better-off has been so extreme that it threatens to destabilise democratic reforms. In the transformation of long-standing, authoritarian oligarchies to democratising states, their legitimation might depend on both retribution and a redistribution of property from large

in Potentials of disorder