discourses or wisdoms. It is that in any discussion of presidential legacy, it is useful in the first instance to step back to assess the historical conditions which explain how they could come to be, and what the past tells us about their likely future direction.
This chapter begins by speaking to debates around whether US internationalism represents empire or hegemony, and their applicability to the United States’ place in Asia and the Pacific. To make sense of that place and its varied manifestations across space and time, it is argued that the United States has
since the (formal) retreat of Western empires.
As Sadeq al-Azm has noted, the Arabs and Muslims, viewing themselves as a historically great nation and bearers of God’s true religion, find it hard to accept their domination by the West ( Arab Studies Quarterly , 19:3, 1997, 124). As such, external intervention and its often damaging consequences has stimulated an on-going reaction manifested in nationalist and Islamic movements, in the rise of revisionist states, and in the attempts of regional states to assert autonomy and to restructure
) about post-war Germany. Jenning’s films have
in general been analysed within the history of the Documentary Film
Movement, tightly associated with notions of Britishness. In a sense,
this was inevitable, since its origins lay in powerful British
institutions of the 1930s and 1940s, such as the Empire Marketing Board
(EMB), the General Post Office (GPO), and the Crown Film Unit. However,
after the Second
preponderant influence in the ‘near
abroad’, which appears to reflect an extension of native geopolitical space in
Russian national consciousness.19
Moldova has experienced a modern history of incorporation into the
Russian empire and later annexation by the Soviet Union (with loss of territory to Ukraine). During perestroika a recrudescence of national identity
took place, mainly through the rediscovery of Romanian roots. Since
gaining independence, however, there has been a powerful resurgence of
Moldovan identity, initially constructed along ethnic lines as Latin and
collapse, all FSU
states remain wary of the Russian Federation’s intentions as it struggles to
re-establish its lost regional leadership position. Yet the disintegration of the
Soviet Russian empire did not obviate the numerous significant economic
and security linkages among the FSU states and to Russia. Russia still
possesses many resources with which to assert its Eurasian power interests.
Russian authorities have used various means toward this end, promoting
the CIS, participating in other Eurasian multilateral fora, and giving special
attention to the country’s own
Television and the politics of British humanitarianism
( Abingdon : Routledge , 2015 ), pp. 76 – 91 .
The historiography of humanitarianism in
particular has been flourishing in recent years. Michael Barnett’s
historical overview remains a seminal publication: Empire of
Humanity: A History of Humanitarianism (Ithaca: Cornell
University Press, 2011). See also Kevin O’Sullivan et al
Present ’, in M. Barnett and T. Weiss (eds), Humanitarianism
in Question: Politics, Power, Ethics ( Ithaca : Cornell University Press ,
2008 ), pp. 1 – 48 . For an authoritative account
of the development of humanitarianism since the nineteenth century, see
M. Barnett , Empire
of Humanity: A History of Humanitarianism ( Ithaca and London : Cornell
University Press , 2013 ). For
informative, detailed empirical analysis in one volume of this globally strategic region’s institutions’ and states’ relations with the world’s sole superpower.
In Chapter 1 , Turner emphasises that just as the Trump administration emerged from deep roots and developments of US domestic politics, culture and society, let alone America’s global hegemony, so the country’s relationship with Asia is steeped in its history and culture. This is especially true given the frequent and often violent intrusions of Western colonial empires – British, French, Dutch, Spanish
and free’ – while cautiously progressing with a special bilateral relationship
with Russia as a power in Europe that need not be, and cannot become, a
power within the Union. Going south, the empires have come home and past
EU dreams of becoming a power in the Middle East have resulted in the
fear that too many immigrants are making of the EU a Middle Eastern
power – a condition that reinforces the Union’s intention of making the
Mediterranean the continent’s final geographic boundary (notwithstanding
its historic presence in a series of islands that would
M . Barnett , Empire of Humanity: A History of
Humanitarianism ( Ithaca :
Cornell University Press , 2011 ), p. 105 .
Barnett, Empire of Humanity , p. 108.
Tales of the imperfect implementation of this project are legion,
often testifying to a blind faith in technology without