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10 Recognition in the Struggle against Global Injustice Greta Fowler Snyder Introduction State-specific solutions are necessarily inadequate to the task of effectively addressing the many global issues that humans face today – environmental damage, the ravages of neo-liberalism, violence against

in Recognition and Global Politics

. Market economies generate externalities, whose social implications have to be dealt with by other means. Environmental damage, for instance, can’t be dealt with purely by market mechanisms. 42 […] Government must play a basic role in sustaining the social and civic frameworks upon which markets actually depend. 43

in The Third Way and beyond

interest’ against that of other sectors. The major 1987/88 Environmental Bill spoke of a new strategy: ‘A successful environmental management presupposes that care for the environment is integrated into the development plans for different sectors of society . . . [who have] . . . a responsibility to prevent new environmental damage’ (Cabinet Bill 1987/88:85, p. 35 f.). The Ministry for Energy and Environment established in 1987 was to have ‘an offensive and co-ordinating role within the Cabinet’; it should instil environmental aspects into other policy sectors, and thus

in Sweden and ecological governance
Open Access (free)

public authorities mandate a certain performance or technology. The second is economic instruments whereby target groups are given financial incentives to reduce environmental damage. Voluntary agreements constitute the third type. These types of policy instruments resemble both the stick and the carrot, as well as agreements at the interface of sticks and carrots: the government may force us, pay us or have us pay, or persuade us to strike a deal in the ‘shadow’ of hierarchy. In the 1990s, voluntary agreements between governments and industry received increased

in Climate change and the oil industry