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Robert Burgoyne

historical figures that appear in Forrest Gump and JFK are the authentic traces of the past; the archival image can no longer be assumed to be an authentic record of past events. As Thomas Elsaesser writes, ‘Future generations, looking at the history of the 20th century, will never be able to tell fact from fiction, having the media as material evidence. But then, will this distinction still matter to

in Memory and popular film
Criteria for ecologically rational governance
Lennart J. Lundqvist

and natural resources to achieve sustainability. • Ecological governance is spatially rational to the extent that it defines the circles of participating stakeholders and interests in goal setting and decision-making on actual resource use and management in accordance with relevant spatial scales. Ecological governance and time As an ethic principle for intergenerational equity, sustainability pits present demands on natural resources against the perceivable demands of future generations. Against the economic concept of ‘sustained development’ based on expectancy

in Sweden and ecological governance
Open Access (free)
Tony Fitzpatrick

to rule out all forms of genetic manipulation (including those that may improve well-being) or we have to distinguish between moral and immoral uses, which means making some difficult decisions about future generations. If we prefer leaving it to nature, then we are in effect disinventing the technology and so making a decision under the cover of a non-decision. In short, whichever way we turn we cannot avoid the necessity of making a choice. And when ‘choice’ joins ‘chance’ in determining future generations’ characteristics, then we are dealing with eugenics. Now

in After the new social democracy
South Korea’s development of a hepatitis B vaccine and national prevention strategy focused on newborns
Eun Kyung Choi
Young-Gyung Paik

WHO's strategy, and could hardly be left out. Modifying the path and targeting the ‘Future Generation’ After the development of a domestic vaccine, the Korean government quickly implemented a national hepatitis B prevention strategy in late 1983. 45 The plan was accelerated by the forthcoming Olympic Games, which made the Korean government eager to decrease the hepatitis rate. It

in The politics of vaccination
Open Access (free)
The Algerian war and the ‘emancipation’ of Muslim women, 1954–62

In May 1958, and four years into the Algerian War of Independence, a revolt again appropriated the revolutionary and republican symbolism of the French Revolution by seizing power through a Committee of Public Safety. This book explores why a repressive colonial system that had for over a century maintained the material and intellectual backwardness of Algerian women now turned to an extensive programme of 'emancipation'. After a brief background sketch of the situation of Algerian women during the post-war decade, it discusses the various factors contributed to the emergence of the first significant women's organisations in the main urban centres. It was only after the outbreak of the rebellion in 1954 and the arrival of many hundreds of wives of army officers that the model of female interventionism became dramatically activated. The French military intervention in Algeria during 1954-1962 derived its force from the Orientalist current in European colonialism and also seemed to foreshadow the revival of global Islamophobia after 1979 and the eventual moves to 'liberate' Muslim societies by US-led neo-imperialism in Afghanistan and Iraq. For the women of Bordj Okhriss, as throughout Algeria, the French army represented a dangerous and powerful force associated with mass destruction, brutality and rape. The central contradiction facing the mobile socio-medical teams teams was how to gain the trust of Algerian women and to bring them social progress and emancipation when they themselves were part of an army that had destroyed their villages and driven them into refugee camps.

Open Access (free)
Environmental justice and citizen science in a post-truth age
Editors: and

This book examines the relationship between environmental justice and citizen science, focusing on enduring issues and new challenges in a post-truth age. Debates over science, facts, and values have always been pivotal within environmental justice struggles. For decades, environmental justice activists have campaigned against the misuses of science, while at the same time engaging in community-led citizen science. However, post-truth politics has threatened science itself. This book makes the case for the importance of science, knowledge, and data that are produced by and for ordinary people living with environmental risks and hazards. The international, interdisciplinary contributions range from grassroots environmental justice struggles in American hog country and contaminated indigenous communities, to local environmental controversies in Spain and China, to questions about “knowledge justice,” citizenship, participation, and data in citizen science surrounding toxicity. The book features inspiring studies of community-based participatory environmental health and justice research; different ways of sensing, witnessing, and interpreting environmental injustice; political strategies for seeking environmental justice; and ways of expanding the concepts and forms of engagement of citizen science around the world. While the book will be of critical interest to specialists in social and environmental sciences, it will also be accessible to graduate and postgraduate audiences. More broadly, the book will appeal to members of the public interested in social justice issues, as well as community members who are thinking about participating in citizen science and activism. Toxic Truths includes distinguished contributing authors in the field of environmental justice, alongside cutting-edge research from emerging scholars and community activists.

Open Access (free)
Lady Liberty and the construction of ‘the New Native’ on currency in Oregon’s colonial period
Ashley Cordes

for capitalist gain and alienation of community bonds for individualism. When an Indigenous community endures methods of cultural elimination their ability to steward the land, speak their languages and engage in traditional exchange is stolen. It is not just past generations but present and future generations that are impacted. It can be hard to regain even parts of what has been lost, but when Indigenous nations engage in cultural revitalization, reflection and emancipatory research, it is sometimes possible. Archaeological considerations

in The entangled legacies of empire

By expanding the geographical scope of the history of violence and war, this volume challenges both Western and state-centric narratives of the decline of violence and its relationship to modernity. It highlights instead similarities across early modernity in terms of representations, legitimations, applications of, and motivations for violence. It seeks to integrate methodologies of the study of violence into the history of war, thereby extending the historical significance of both fields of research. Thirteen case studies outline the myriad ways in which large-scale violence was understood and used by states and non-state actors throughout the early modern period across Africa, Asia, the Americas, the Atlantic, and Europe, demonstrating that it was far more complex than would be suggested by simple narratives of conquest and resistance. Moreover, key features of imperial violence apply equally to large-scale violence within societies. As the authors argue, violence was a continuum, ranging from small-scale, local actions to full-blown war. The latter was privileged legally and increasingly associated with states during early modernity, but its legitimacy was frequently contested and many of its violent forms, such as raiding and destruction of buildings and crops, could be found in activities not officially classed as war.

Alison Mohr

increased leisure time. Such claims support the point of Smith et al. (2010) that sustainable-energy transitions are more about distributed social mobilisation than technological innovation. Attention to differences across the full spectrum of intragenerational relationships to energy in the community niche is therefore important so that any concerns about distributive justice might be investigated within this ‘  “[micro]geography” of beneficiaries and risk-bearers’ (Eames and Hunt, 2013: 58). Finally, the anticipated human and environmental harms to future generations

in Science and the politics of openness
Open Access (free)
Simona Giordano

, thus, does not mean absence of regulation and lack of accountability. A serious ethical analysis of the various options, the advantages and disadvantages of various alternatives, the long-term consequences of scientific developments and innovations for future generations as well as for those living in other parts of the world, all needs to be part of dialogue on the regulation of research. This volume represents a contribution to this continued analysis. Although it is a small contribution, and certainly limited, I would like to stress the importance that enterprises

in The freedom of scientific research