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Armando Barrientos and Martin Powell

exclusion. Thomson 25 contrasts six ‘aims’ of classic and new social democracy (though these aims are not policy goals in our terms, and are best considered as broad themes): fairness; individual rights; ‘aiding the market’; individual initiative to achieve enhancement; the state as enabler; and community. Finally, Bresser-Pereira 26 distinguishes the New Left from the Old Left

in The Third Way and beyond
Eunice Goes

Etzioni 1993: 40 and 1997a: 27; Tam 1998: 1–3. 8 Etzioni 1993: 4. More recently, Etzioni (2000: 29) has argued that rights are not conditional. ‘Basic individual rights are inalienable, just as one’s social obligations cannot be denied. However, it is a grave moral

in The Third Way and beyond
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

structure of laws to protect individual rights, and raise taxes to pay for these three tasks. All else – education, health, welfare, pensions – could, and should, be provided by private organisations. Such views reappeared towards the end of the twentieth century as key elements of neo-liberalism in many Western conservative parties. The social-democratic view of the state Modern Western states are

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Open Access (free)
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

challenge to the individual basis of citizenship rights in a democracy by the advocates of group rights, who demand the recognition of social equality by political and institutional means. It is argued that women, the disabled, ethnic minorities, gays and others are disadvantaged by the emphasis on individual rights. Public opinion in democracies Democratic systems of government are supposed in some way to

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Open Access (free)
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

discrimination will be alleviated. This type of inequality is particularly related to the distributional equality discussed earlier. The exercising of group rights and group equality seems to undermine the liberal concept of individual rights and individual equality as the central concern of political discourse. Group-rights theorists argue for unequal treatment for women and ethnic or racial minorities to overcome their unequal

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Matthew S. Weinert

an embodied norm, meaning one ‘internalized in bodily practices [that] constitutes the subject and his or her recognition by others’ (True 2011 : 76). Hedley Bull considered the brandishing of such norms as ‘equal rights of states to sovereignty, of peoples to self-determination, and of persons of different race to individual rights’ (Gong 1984 : ix) by Africans and Asians

in Recognition and Global Politics
Open Access (free)
Relations between the European Union and Mercosur
Arantza Gomez Arana

America follows a cause-and-effect mechanism. Drawing upon the work of Dromi and Molina del Pozo (1996), Kanner (2002) also argues that the EU and Mercosur are ‘natural’ partners due to a series of factors, including the following: a common culture as a result of colonialism and a process of immigration between both regions; common political values; process of democratization; the development of open market economies; and, finally, both share a similar respect for individual rights and freedoms, the rule of law and have a common model of integration. However, in

in The European Union's policy towards Mercosur:
Pertti Joenniemi

all, the notion of ‘security’ had to adapt itself to the core constitutive themes of individual rights, exchange and openness. As Andreas Behnke has argued, the security argument was employed in a derivative and protective manner, rather than in a productive way. 29 During ‘Kosovo’, the notion of security was deprived of its traditional linkages to sovereignty and instead referred to the

in Mapping European security after Kosovo
Democratisation, nationalism and security in former Yugoslavia
Paul Latawski and Martin A. Smith

privatization of ethnicity in liberal democracy maximizes individual rights but minimizes collective rights. 43 Examples of countries that embrace civic nationalism are the United Kingdom and the United States. These states possess a civic national identity where democracy, citizenship and national identity are closely intertwined with the state. With the individual’s rights at the

in The Kosovo crisis and the evolution of post-Cold War European security