The Politics of ‘Proximity’ and Performing Humanitarianism in Eastern DRC
Myfanwy James

, colonial regimes, explorers, as well as researchers, journalists and NGOs, have all depended on local employees to network and adapt predesigned policies to specific contexts ( Kennedy, 2013 ; Lawrence et al. , 2006 ). The defining feature of brokers is that they straddle and connect social worlds, often in zones where multiple forms of political authority coexist. They construct strategic identity positions ( James, 2011 ), and their position is ambiguous: they negotiate their legitimacy over time, with competing pressures and expectations. They broker relationships

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Aid Industry and the ‘Me Too’ Movement
Charlotte Lydia Riley

significant – but also through a sense that they are principled, or more simply morally ‘good’ organisations: ‘their claims to serve others underpin their legitimacy in the eyes of global audiences’ ( Stroup and Wong, 2016 : 138, 140). As Amanda Murdie has argued, the fact that some INGOS are unprincipled does not mean that all INGOs, or the aid sector itself, are without principles ( Murdie, 2014 : 239). Nevertheless, INGOs gain power from the projection of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Corporations, Celebrities and the Construction of the Entrepreneurial Refugee Woman
Annika Bergman Rosamond and Catia Gregoratti

may purchase these products. They thus shared substantive similarities, but it is the visibility and legitimacy accorded to them by the global refugee agency that prompted us to research them further to apprehend the specific logics that inform them. In what follows, we first locate our article within postcolonial feminist debates in gender and development and the ways in which such scholarship enables a critical analysis of humanitarian initiatives seeking to empower

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Megan Daigle, Sarah Martin, and Henri Myrttinen

. and Björkdahl , A. ( 2015 ), ‘ The “Field” in the Age of Intervention: Power, Legitimacy, and Authority Versus the “Local” ’, Millennium , 44 : 1 , 23 – 44 . Rutazibwa , O. U. ( 2019 ), ‘ What’s There to Mourn? Decolonial Reflections on (the End of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
German Responses to the June 2019 Mission of the Sea-Watch 3
Klaus Neumann

large sections of the movement that supports private SAR missions in the Mediterranean. In my view, the significance of this denial of legitimacy of the nation-state’s law should not be underestimated. 23 We may be witnessing the emergence of a movement that contests a key right of the nation-state, namely to decide who may be admitted to its territory and who must leave. This movement is heterogeneous: it comprises civil society activists who support the right of migrants to move – from the crew of the Sea-Watch 3 and those who are keeping the Alarm Phone lines

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Sophie Roborgh

fact and value ‘motivated truth’ to highlight the overt combination of reason and sentiment that it represents. ( 2006 : 5) Accuracy plays an important role in this, as it is directly tied to organisational legitimacy. Powers holds that ‘the history of NGOs [non-governmental organisations] suggests an assiduous cultivation of such values [accuracy and pluralism] as a response to skepticism about their capacity to put forward credible claims about human

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The trial in history, volume II
Editor: R. A. Melikan

Lawyers had been producing reports of trials and appellate proceedings in order to understand the law and practices of the Westminster courts since the Middle Ages, and printed reports had appeared in the late fifteenth century. This book considers trials in the regular English criminal courts in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. It also considers the contribution of criminal lawyers in developing the modern rules of evidence. The book explores the influence of scientific and pseudoscientific knowledge on Victorian insanity trials and trials for homosexual offences, respectively. The British Trials Collection contains the only readily accessible and near-verbatim accounts of civil trials from the 1760s, 1770s, and 1780s, decades crucial to understanding how the rules of evidence developed. It might be thought that Defence of the Realm Acts (DORA) or its regulations would have introduced trials in camera. The book presents a comparative critique of war crimes trials before the International Military Tribunals at Nuremberg and Tokyo and the International Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and for Rwanda. The first spy trial by court martial after the legal change in 1915 was that of Robert Rosenthal, who was German. The book also considers the principal features of the first war crimes trial of the twenty-first century in terms of personnel and procedures, the alleged crimes, and issues of legality and legitimacy. It also speculates on the narratives or non-narratives of the trial and how these may impact on the professed aims and objectives of the litigation.

This substantially updated and revised edition offers a comprehensive overview of the challenges confronting the political system as well as the international politics of the European Union. It draws from a spectrum of regional integration theories to determine what the Union actually is and how it is developing, examining the constitutional politics of the European Union, from the Single European Act to the Treaty of Nice and beyond. The ongoing debate on the future of Europe links together the questions of democracy and legitimacy, competences and rights, and the prospects for European polity-building. The aim is to contribute to a better understanding of the emerging European polity and the questions that further treaty reform generates for the future of the regional system. The authors also assess the evolving European security architecture; the limits and possibilities of a genuine European foreign, security and defence policy; and the role of the EU in the post-Cold War international system. Common themes involve debates about stability and instability, continuity and change, multipolarity and leadership, co-operation and discord, power capabilities and patterns of behaviour. The book traces the defining features of the ‘new order’ in Europe and incorporates an analysis of the post-September 11th context.

Raymond Hinnebusch

The divergence of identity and territory: retarded nation-building? In the Westphalian model that European expansion ostensibly globalised, a relative congruence between identity and sovereignty, between nation and state, endows states and the states system with legitimacy. Social mobilisation creates, in modernising societies, receptivity to identification with larger communities – nations – potentially coterminous with a state; in an age of nationalism, such identity communities seek a state and state leaders seek to

in The international politics of the Middle East
The logics underpining EU enlargement
Helene Sjursen and Karen E. Smith

next section, we present three analytically distinct approaches for examining the basis of legitimacy for foreign policy in general. We then examine how the EU seeks to justify its foreign policy towards the applicant states in Central, Eastern and Southern Europe. Three approaches to legitimisation There are three analytically distinct ways in which a foreign policy can achieve legitimacy. They are grounded in

in Rethinking European Union Foreign Policy