Seven Types of Ambiguity ,which, alongside The Meaning
of Meaning produced by his tutor I. A. Richards and
collaborator C. K. Ogden, became foundational texts of the
‘New Criticism’, modern literarytheory, semiotics, and
the practice we know as ‘close reading’. Ever since,
literary scholars have parsed, deconstructed, interrogated, and
Critics working on satire in the past two decades have deplored the
limited influence of recent literarytheory on studies of satire, with Dustin
Griffin blaming the complexity and diversity of satire, which make categorization and generalization difficult, and Fredric Bogel blaming the resistance to theory among scholars of eighteenth-century literature (Griffin,
Satire, 31; Bogel, Difference Satire Makes, 5). The attempts by these and
other scholars to rectify this situation through more
‘generalized thinking’ of the Kantian notion of genius, cf. J. M.
Bernstein, The Fate of Art: Aesthetic Alienation from Kant to Derrida and Adorno (Oxford:
Polity Press, 1992), esp. pp. 66–135. The extent of my indebtedness to Bernstein will be
evident below; meanwhile, insofar as the paper draws on the work of thinkers like
Bernstein and Bowie who have challenged the anti-aestheticism of recent cultural and literarytheory and oﬀered a reconceptualisation of aesthetic theory as fundamental to our
understanding and experience of modernity, it could be classed as new
(ry): narratives of rape in the seventeenth century’, Gender
and History, 7 (1995), 378–407.
21 G. Walker, ‘Rereading rape and sexual violence in early modern England’, Gender
and History, 10 (1998), 1–25.
22 Ibid., 3.
23 Ibid., 4–5.
24 For a validation of the use of psychoanalytic theory in the interpretation of early
modern subjectivities, see L. Roper, Oedipus and the Devil (London, 1994); some
reservations are offered by S. Greenblatt, ‘Psychoanalysis and renaissance culture’, in P. Parker and D. Quint (eds), LiteraryTheory / Renaissance Texts (Baltimore,
1986), pp. 210
German Idealism, p. 242.
Ibid., p. 243.
Bernstein, The Fate of Art, pp. 4–5.
Ibid., p. 64. Kant’s example is to be found in the opening paragraph of §54 of the Critique
On the relation between spectrality and anachronism, see Derrida, Spectres de Marx: L’État
de la dette, le travail du deuil et la nouvelle Internationale (Paris: Galilée, 1993)/Specters of
Marx: The State of the Debt, the Work of Mourning, and the New International, trans. P.
Kamuf (New York: Routledge, 1994).
C. Chase, ‘Literarytheory as the criticism of aesthetics: De Man
capture nuances of meaning, the ways in which stories were shaped and told, and the personalities and perspectives of their tellers.
In seeking to understand these texts and to offer explanations for why particular
WITCHCRAFT NARRATIVES IN GERMANY
individuals – as either alleged or self-confessed witches, their accusers, or witnesses – said what they did, in the way that they did, about witchcraft, I
privilege no single theoretical perspective. I have, for example, drawn on literarytheory in my treatment of trial-records as created texts, on anthropological
.’ The volume treated ‘post-colonial literatures’ as
defined by their emergence out of a common ‘experience of colonization’ and by
a common emphasis on ‘their differences from the assumptions of the imperial
centre’. 15 The volume defended
the idea of a ‘post-colonial literarytheory’ as a response to the
‘inability of European theory to deal adequately with the complexities and varied
cultural provenance of post-colonial writing’. 16
On the one hand, Ashcroft, Griffiths and Tiffin thus proposed a conception
in France (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ), a collection of essays
which treat historical periods from the Middle Ages to the late twentieth century,
the latter period including separate essays on women’s ﬁction, autobiography,
theatre, poetry and feminist literarytheory; (d) Monographs: for example,
Michele Bacholle, Un passé contraignant: double bind et transculturation
(Amsterdam and Atlanta: Rodopi, ), on Farida Belghoul, Annie Ernaux and
Agota Kristof; Colin Davis and Elizabeth Fallaize, French Fiction in the Mitterand
What does race have to do with the Yugoslav region?
as a region) not as analytics for separate parts of the world but as descriptions of two twentieth-century world-historical transformations which both had global reach. Sharad Chari and Katherine Verdery, a geographer of capitalism and an anthropologist of postsocialism, respectively, termed this agenda ‘thinking between the posts’, urging scholars not to divide the globe into one sphere defined by the end of empire and another defined by the end of the Cold War; their 2009 article epitomised efforts in literarytheory, social/cultural history and gender studies
Mythologies: Writing, History and the West (London,
Routledge, 1990), p. 89.
6 Burt, Licensed by Authority, pp. 152–3.
7 Jonathan Dollimore and Alan Sinfield, ‘Foreword’, in Jonathan Dollimore
and Alan Sinfield (eds), Political Shakespeare: New Essays in Cultural
Materialism (Manchester, Manchester University Press, 1985).
8 Margot Heinemann, ‘How Brecht read Shakespeare’, in Political Shakespeare, p. 203.
14/10/02, 9:50 am
Censorship and the institution of knowledge
9 Robert Young, ‘The politics of “the politics of literarytheory”’, OLR, 10