perceived relentless and violent anti-Judaism, than by any intrinsic lack
of literary or cultural value. The variety of new readings generated by
this poem which once existed, as Ralph Hanna notes, ‘on the suppressed margins of critical attention, unaccompanied by commentary’,3
testifies to its increasing importance in medievalstudies. Yet even as a
community of readers work to recuperate Jerusalem from its marginal
placement, with few exceptions they continue to read the narrative as
thoroughly anti-Judaic.4 My argument concerning the poem is predicated on a
Le Bone Florence of Rome and bourgeois self-making
similar elite milieux.
Derek Pearsall, ‘The development of Middle English romance’, MedievalStudies, 27 (1965), 91–116 (p. 92).
See A. McIntosh, M. Samuels and M. Benskin, A Linguistic Atlas of Late
Medieval England, 4 vols (Aberdeen, 1986), vol. 4, LP 531.
This is a variant version of The Child of Bristow, which has been discussed
by Barbara Hanawalt, ‘“The Childe of Bristowe” and the making of
middle-class adolescence’, in Barbara A. Hanawalt and David Wallace
(eds), Bodies and Disciplines: Intersections of Literature and History in
me ultimately to pursue a career in this field was the warmth with which I was initially welcomed into a community of scholars, in particular the New York based Colloquium for Early MedievalStudies (formerly known as the ASSC). I expect others have had similar experiences, but I also know that many have not. It is my impression that the field as a whole and the majority of its individual members tend to welcome with enthusiasm those who share an interest in the culture and literature of early medieval England, yet some who share this interest have experienced a
, see Peterson (“Laurel crown”);
for the ongoing payment of the annuity, see Berry and Timings (“Spenser’s pension”).
In a recent unpublished paper, Jean R. Brink has argued that Spenser sold his pension
to Thomas Walker (Brink, “Spenser’s death revisited,” 49th International Congress on
MedievalStudies, Kalamazoo, MI, May 8–11, 2014). Whether Berry and Timings or
Brink is correct does not affect my point here, which centers on Spenser’s staying sufficiently in the good graces of the court that his pension was not affected by the uproar
over the Complaints volume
race and medievalstudies at http://www.inthemedievalmiddle.com/2017/06/morevoices-citation-inclusion-and.html (accessed 5 June 2019). The Medievalists of Color website is http://medievalistsofcolor.com . My thanks to Eileen Joy, Dana Oswald, Mary Rambaran-Olm, and the editors for their comments on a draft of this chapter. I am solely responsible for any remaining errors and infelicities.
Emotional connections to the young hero in Beowulf
character beyond the question of his fitness to rule. The recent affective turn in medievalstudies in general, and in early medieval English studies in particular, facilitates a more multivalent analysis of Wiglaf's emergent heroism, one that includes the interrogation of emotion in interpersonal relationship as well as the more usual military and political endeavours.
The 2015 publication of Anglo-Saxon
Emotions decisively marked a turn towards the study of emotion in Old English texts and
Geoffrey Chaucer’s Troilus and Criseyde and John Lydgate’s Troy Book
see Holly Crocker’s introduction to the postmedieval forum discussion
on the status of academic review, ‘Introduction: how open, or, can
vulnerability go digital?’ Online at https://postmedieval-forum.com/
forums/forum-ii-states-of-review/introduction/ along with the other
essay distributed in this forum.
26 See Appendix A for other examples of invitations to emend; that
quoted from William Caxton can be found in his publication of the
Golden Legend, excerpted in The prologues and epilogues of William
Caxton, EETS 176, ed. W. J
know, she asserts, that ‘the pleasure of knowledgeable discourses on
pleasure’ is what we ‘deliver to our audiences’, we have assumed as our
‘ethical task’ to ‘discipline’ enjoyment out of academic inquiry. In
other words, medievalstudies (as a modern academic discipline) has
invested medieval culture with a seriousness (what Fradenberg calls ‘an
ethos of pietas’) that marginalises or denies those aspects of the culture
that are predominantly productive of enjoyment.31 So far as popular
romance is concerned (a genre Fradenberg does not consider directly),
Medieval England (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), pp. 150–68.
Bardsley, S. (1999), ‘Women’s work reconsidered: gender and wage differentiation in late
medieval England’, Past and Present, 165, 3–29.
Bardsley, S. (2001), ‘Reply’, Past and Present, 173, 199–202.
Barron, C. M. (1989), ‘The ‘Golden Age’ of women in Medieval London’, Reading MedievalStudies, 15, 35–58.
Bennett, J. (1988), ‘“History that stands still”: women’s work in the European past’, Feminist
Studies, 14, 269–83.
Bennett, J. (2010), ‘Compulsory service in late medieval England’, Past and Present
Troubling race, ethnicity, and masculinity in Beowulf
Stephen Harris, Race and ethnicity in Anglo-Saxon literature (London: Routledge, 2003), p. 35.
The issues are vast, interconnected, and wide-reaching – for a few points of entry see https://www.chronicle.com/article/Prominent-Medieval-Scholar-s/235014 ; https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2017/09/19/one-professors-critique-another-divides-medieval-studies ; and https://www.salon.com/2017/11/30/alt