Open Access (free)
Róisín Read

While issues of ‘gender’, notably ‘gender programming’ and ‘gender mainstreaming’ have been prominent in the humanitarian sector for some time, surprisingly little attention has been paid to the ways in which the sector itself is gendered. Gender is often seen as an operational problem and much of the humanitarian literature which deals with this is, thus, problem-solving in nature. Critical approaches which interrogate and question the ways in which gendered logics structure the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector
Kevin O’Sullivan and Réiseal Ní Chéilleachair

to all registered participants in advance, with the aim of stimulating debate and providing the parameters to focus the reflective process. A Model for Reflective Practice Feedback from workshop participants and in subsequent meetings and correspondence suggests that this model was productive. Nonetheless, it was not without its challenges. The open-ended nature of the discussions was enjoyed by many but uncomfortable for those who

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Brad Evans

we regulated this violence; which system of government, in other words, would save us from ourselves. Nature is nothing more than an imperial construct 2 . Writ large over colonisation and the modern will to rule, it provided the sure moral and civilisational basis for taming ‘savage life’ 3 . While claims of native violence were mythologised and consecrated through Orientalist frames throughout the period of colonial imperialism ( Said, 2019 ), the very idea that nature entailed violence and civilisation entailed its ending has never stood up to empirical fact

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Focus on Community Engagement
Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez, and Sylvain Landry B. Faye

constitute what can be termed comparables , in reference to the work of the French historian Marcel Détienne (2002 , 2009 ). They are emblematic of the interactions at play during emergency encounters. They speak to each other as they highlight the contested nature of legitimacy, its roots both in the longue durée and in contemporary issues. They shed light on the important role played during epidemics by the too often ignored intermediaries of the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Rethinking Digital Divides by Linda Leung
Antonio Díaz Andrade

conceptualisation of the digital divide as a matter of access that results in the ‘haves’ versus the ‘have nots’. She convincingly argues that this definition, developed in the West, does not capture the complexities and transient nature of refugees using digital technology. The current refugee crisis has witnessed the displacement of close to 70 million people worldwide ( UNHCR, 2019 ) due to political conflict, criminal violence and war. While the waves of migrants reaching the coast of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Law and Politics of Responding to Attacks against Aid Workers
Julia Brooks and Rob Grace

Introduction ‘ I remember [years ago] being in a refugee camp in Syria, and when there were demonstrations and people picked up sticks and were throwing stones, and we were like, ‘Alright, that’s it, we’re withdrawing until they settle down.’ We withdrew for two days until they came and apologised and then we went back in again. Sticks and stones are a piece of cake compared to what we face now. ’ 1 Relayed by a humanitarian worker interviewed for this article, the quote paints a vivid portrait of the way that many humanitarians view the shifting nature

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Response to the Journal of Humanitarian Affairs Special Issue on Innovation in Humanitarian Action (JHA, 1:3)
Anna Skeels

innovation has always been central to humanitarian action, the systematic application, study and implementation of proactive innovation is [relatively] recent. ( Elrha, 2018a ) In addition, while it is indeed the case that there has been a multiplication in the number of innovation labs, studies and funds (Currion, Innovation Issue), there has also been an evolution in the nature and substance of humanitarian innovation. This has enabled the agenda to better match the complexity of the problems it seeks to address. To illustrate, from Elrha’s own innovation

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Sophie Roborgh

intent to affect healthcare could still be defined as such by virtue of its implications for healthcare. This conflation between attacks affecting healthcare and attacks on healthcare is found consistently throughout SSA’s guidelines. PHR (2019a) , the ICRC (2015 : 4), and Haar et al. (2018) similarly focus on the healthcare-related nature of the victim/object, instead of intent. Meanwhile, ICRC has taken a more mixed approach, reflecting its

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

adaptation in the humanitarian field ( Sandvik, 2017 ) and consider humanitarian pasts and futures: earlier humanitarian uses of body tracking devices for care and control, together with how contemporary affordances in emergencies shape ideas about what wearables can be used for, on whom and how. I suggest that what the ‘humanitarian wearable’ tells us about the nature of digital humanitarianism can be the point of departure for articulating a critique of aid in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local
Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh

that the current processes must be analysed in relation to UNRWA’s long-standing financial insecurity and the extent to which the Agency has repeatedly ‘shrunk’ the group of Palestinian refugees considered to be a priority in addition to the nature of services it has been willing or able to deliver to these selected recipients. In the second section, I trace the contours of the #DignityIsPriceless campaign launched by UNRWA in January 2018. I focus on this campaign given its hypervisibility in the international public sphere as UNRWA

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs