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Open Access (free)
A cognitive perspective
Gilles Allaire

Qualities of food From a standard economics point of view, the gains from comparability, both private and social, are the driving force for standardisation (Katz and Shapiro 1985), supported by positive network externalities. The setting up of standards and the referencing of activities and products form the baseline process for the globalisation of technical systems and market extension. They are also a normative basis for economic theory. In the basic framework of the theory of market competition, goods are homogeneous, meaning that they are perfectly known as distinct

in Qualities of food
Open Access (free)
Dimitris N. Chryssochoou, Michael J. Tsinisizelis, Stelios Stavridis, and Kostas Ifantis

perspective of EU polity-building. Such an analysis will help us link the theoretical findings of Chapter 2 with the more detailed examination of recent treaty reforms, as epitomised in the Amsterdam and Nice outcomes, respectively (Chapters 3 and 4). It will also provide the analytical framework and normative basis from which we may develop a more penetrating understanding of the evolutionary nature of the integration process in general, and the qualitative transformation of the regional system from a policyoriented enterprise to a transnational polity: a system of

in Theory and reform in the European Union
Patrick Doyle

National Ideal The idea of co-operation as a desirable and normative basis for national behaviour showed how deeply embedded elements of its ideology became within contemporary political discourse. In economic terms, Hanly argued that all forms of activity needed to work in subservience to an idealised form of an Irish nationality, which he equated to ‘a supreme form of co-operation’. The Irish past showed how strong English influences promoted an individualistic and selfish conception of development. To counter this effect

in Civilising rural Ireland
Bonnie Clementsson

. The turn-of-the-century world of ideas, 1872–1940 Around the turn of the century in 1900, science had begun to replace religion as a normative basis for ethics and morals. As religion was increasingly privatised, the general social influence of the clergy lessened, doctors and scientists stepping up instead as obvious new spokesmen for the good of society. Family life and sexuality became an issue for medical experts. Through Charles Darwin's theory of evolution the animal origins of the human race were made visible, which

in Incest in Sweden, 1680–1940